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Title: Defect Detection in Solid-State Battery Electrolytes Using Lock-In Thermal Imaging

Abstract

Defective regions in battery materials often generate excess or non-uniform heat profiles during operation. Here, we discuss lock-in thermography as a high-sensitivity, spatially-resolved, and non-destructive technique to characterize defects and guide the targeted optimization of new battery materials and cell designs. As an example, we thermally image all-solid-state cells with β-Li3PS4 electrolyte, showing point-like heat signatures that correlate with cell breakdown. Based on the current/voltage cycling characteristics and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, we attribute heating at the breakdown sites primarily to resistive current flow through dendrites. To assist in enabling wider application of lock-in thermography to emerging battery materials, we discuss several parameters necessary to optimize this technique, including the influences of surface thermal emissivity, thermal diffusivity, and lock-in modulation frequency.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; USDOE National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1477809
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1482322
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5K00-71869
Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651; /jes/165/13/A3205.atom
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of the Electrochemical Society Journal Volume: 165 Journal Issue: 13; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; batteries; lithium; defect imaging; lock-in thermography; solid-state electrolytes

Citation Formats

Sulas, Dana B., Johnston, Steve, Seitzman, Natalie, Platt, Heather, Al-Jassim, Mowafak, and Guthrey, Harvey. Defect Detection in Solid-State Battery Electrolytes Using Lock-In Thermal Imaging. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1149/2.0131814jes.
Sulas, Dana B., Johnston, Steve, Seitzman, Natalie, Platt, Heather, Al-Jassim, Mowafak, & Guthrey, Harvey. Defect Detection in Solid-State Battery Electrolytes Using Lock-In Thermal Imaging. United States. doi:10.1149/2.0131814jes.
Sulas, Dana B., Johnston, Steve, Seitzman, Natalie, Platt, Heather, Al-Jassim, Mowafak, and Guthrey, Harvey. Tue . "Defect Detection in Solid-State Battery Electrolytes Using Lock-In Thermal Imaging". United States. doi:10.1149/2.0131814jes.
@article{osti_1477809,
title = {Defect Detection in Solid-State Battery Electrolytes Using Lock-In Thermal Imaging},
author = {Sulas, Dana B. and Johnston, Steve and Seitzman, Natalie and Platt, Heather and Al-Jassim, Mowafak and Guthrey, Harvey},
abstractNote = {Defective regions in battery materials often generate excess or non-uniform heat profiles during operation. Here, we discuss lock-in thermography as a high-sensitivity, spatially-resolved, and non-destructive technique to characterize defects and guide the targeted optimization of new battery materials and cell designs. As an example, we thermally image all-solid-state cells with β-Li3PS4 electrolyte, showing point-like heat signatures that correlate with cell breakdown. Based on the current/voltage cycling characteristics and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, we attribute heating at the breakdown sites primarily to resistive current flow through dendrites. To assist in enabling wider application of lock-in thermography to emerging battery materials, we discuss several parameters necessary to optimize this technique, including the influences of surface thermal emissivity, thermal diffusivity, and lock-in modulation frequency.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0131814jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 13,
volume = 165,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1149/2.0131814jes

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
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