A fully implicit, conservative, nonlinear, electromagnetic hybrid particleion/fluidelectron algorithm
Abstract
The quasineutral hybrid model with kinetic ions and fluid electrons is a promising approach for bridging the inherent multiscale nature of many problems in space and laboratory plasmas. A novel, implicit, particleincell based scheme for the hybrid model is derived for fully 3D electromagnetic problems with multiple ion species, which features global mass, momentum and energy conservation. The scheme includes subcycling and orbitaveraging for the ions, with cellcentered finite differences and implicit midpoint time advance. To reduce discrete particle noise, the scheme allows arbitraryorder shape functions for the particlemesh interpolations and the application of conservative binomial smoothing. The algorithm is verified for a number of test problems to demonstrate the correctness of the implementation, the unique conservation properties, and the favorable stability properties of the new scheme. In particular, there is no indication of unstable growth of the finitegrid instability for a population of cold ions drifting through a uniform spatial mesh, in a setup where several commonly used nonconservative schemes are highly unstable.
 Authors:

 Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
 Publication Date:
 Research Org.:
 Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
 Sponsoring Org.:
 USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
 OSTI Identifier:
 1477697
 Alternate Identifier(s):
 OSTI ID: 1756197
 Report Number(s):
 LAUR1821708
Journal ID: ISSN 00219991
 Grant/Contract Number:
 AC5206NA25396
 Resource Type:
 Accepted Manuscript
 Journal Name:
 Journal of Computational Physics
 Additional Journal Information:
 Journal Volume: 376; Journal ID: ISSN 00219991
 Publisher:
 Elsevier
 Country of Publication:
 United States
 Language:
 English
 Subject:
 97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; hybrid; plasma; particleincell; implicit; conservative; finite grid instability
Citation Formats
Stanier, A., Chacón, L., and Chen, G. A fully implicit, conservative, nonlinear, electromagnetic hybrid particleion/fluidelectron algorithm. United States: N. p., 2018.
Web. doi:10.1016/j.jcp.2018.09.038.
Stanier, A., Chacón, L., & Chen, G. A fully implicit, conservative, nonlinear, electromagnetic hybrid particleion/fluidelectron algorithm. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jcp.2018.09.038.
Stanier, A., Chacón, L., and Chen, G. Thu .
"A fully implicit, conservative, nonlinear, electromagnetic hybrid particleion/fluidelectron algorithm". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jcp.2018.09.038. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1477697.
@article{osti_1477697,
title = {A fully implicit, conservative, nonlinear, electromagnetic hybrid particleion/fluidelectron algorithm},
author = {Stanier, A. and Chacón, L. and Chen, G.},
abstractNote = {The quasineutral hybrid model with kinetic ions and fluid electrons is a promising approach for bridging the inherent multiscale nature of many problems in space and laboratory plasmas. A novel, implicit, particleincell based scheme for the hybrid model is derived for fully 3D electromagnetic problems with multiple ion species, which features global mass, momentum and energy conservation. The scheme includes subcycling and orbitaveraging for the ions, with cellcentered finite differences and implicit midpoint time advance. To reduce discrete particle noise, the scheme allows arbitraryorder shape functions for the particlemesh interpolations and the application of conservative binomial smoothing. The algorithm is verified for a number of test problems to demonstrate the correctness of the implementation, the unique conservation properties, and the favorable stability properties of the new scheme. In particular, there is no indication of unstable growth of the finitegrid instability for a population of cold ions drifting through a uniform spatial mesh, in a setup where several commonly used nonconservative schemes are highly unstable.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jcp.2018.09.038},
journal = {Journal of Computational Physics},
number = ,
volume = 376,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}
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