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Title: Solubility of U(VI) in chloride solutions. II. The stable oxides/hydroxides in alkaline KCl solutions: Thermodynamic description and relevance in cementitious systems

Abstract

In this study, the solubility of U(VI) is investigated from undersaturation conditions in 0.1, 0.51, 1.03, 3.31 and 4.58 m KCl–KOH solutions at pHm = 7.5–14.6 (with pH m = –log [H +] in molal units). All experiments were performed under Ar atmosphere at T = (22 ± 2)°C. XRD, quantitative chemical analysis, SEM–EDS and TG–DTA confirm that K 2U 2O 7·1.5H 2O(cr) is the solid phase controlling the solubility in all evaluated systems at pH m ≥ 9.5. Below this pH m and with decreasing KCl concentration, the formation of sub-stoichiometric phases with K:U < 1 is indicated by XRD and solubility data. The concentration of uranium in equilibrium with K 2U 2O 7·1.5H 2O(cr) shows a pH-independent behaviour up to pH m ≈ 11 regardless of ionic strength, whereas an increase of the solubility with a well–defined slope of +1 (log [U] vs. pH m) is observed at pH m ≥11. These results are consistent with the predominance of UO 2(OH) 3 and UO 2(OH) 4 2- species as previously reported in the literature. The combination of solubility data obtained in the present study with K 2U 2O 7·1.5H 2O(cr) and the U(VI) hydrolysis scheme reported inmore » Altmaier et al. (2017) yields a solubility product of log *K° s,0{0.5K 2U 2O 7·1.5H 2O(cr)} = (12.0 ± 0.2). SIT ion interaction coefficients for UO 2(OH) 3 and UO 2(OH) 4 2- with K + are derived based on the newly generated experimental data in dilute to concentrated KCl systems and analogy with NaCl systems. This work extends the thermodynamic database available for U(VI) and allows more accurate source term calculations in the context of nuclear waste disposal under boundary conditions where significant K concentrations may be present and redox conditions lie in the stability field of U(VI). Finally, the K 2U 2O 7·1.5H 2O(cr) solid phase can be considered to control the solubility of U(VI) in the degradation phase I of cement and cementitious materials.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany)
  2. Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1477656
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-20116
Journal ID: ISSN 0883-2927
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Geochemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 98; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0883-2927
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Environmental Protection; uranium; U(VI); solubility; hydrolysis; KCl; thermodynamics; SIT; cement

Citation Formats

Çevirim-Papaioannou, Neşe, Yalçıntaş, Ezgi, Gaona, Xavier, Altmaier, Marcus, and Geckeis, Horst. Solubility of U(VI) in chloride solutions. II. The stable oxides/hydroxides in alkaline KCl solutions: Thermodynamic description and relevance in cementitious systems. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2018.09.017.
Çevirim-Papaioannou, Neşe, Yalçıntaş, Ezgi, Gaona, Xavier, Altmaier, Marcus, & Geckeis, Horst. Solubility of U(VI) in chloride solutions. II. The stable oxides/hydroxides in alkaline KCl solutions: Thermodynamic description and relevance in cementitious systems. United States. doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2018.09.017.
Çevirim-Papaioannou, Neşe, Yalçıntaş, Ezgi, Gaona, Xavier, Altmaier, Marcus, and Geckeis, Horst. Wed . "Solubility of U(VI) in chloride solutions. II. The stable oxides/hydroxides in alkaline KCl solutions: Thermodynamic description and relevance in cementitious systems". United States. doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2018.09.017. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1477656.
@article{osti_1477656,
title = {Solubility of U(VI) in chloride solutions. II. The stable oxides/hydroxides in alkaline KCl solutions: Thermodynamic description and relevance in cementitious systems},
author = {Çevirim-Papaioannou, Neşe and Yalçıntaş, Ezgi and Gaona, Xavier and Altmaier, Marcus and Geckeis, Horst},
abstractNote = {In this study, the solubility of U(VI) is investigated from undersaturation conditions in 0.1, 0.51, 1.03, 3.31 and 4.58 m KCl–KOH solutions at pHm = 7.5–14.6 (with pHm = –log [H+] in molal units). All experiments were performed under Ar atmosphere at T = (22 ± 2)°C. XRD, quantitative chemical analysis, SEM–EDS and TG–DTA confirm that K2U2O7·1.5H2O(cr) is the solid phase controlling the solubility in all evaluated systems at pHm ≥ 9.5. Below this pHm and with decreasing KCl concentration, the formation of sub-stoichiometric phases with K:U < 1 is indicated by XRD and solubility data. The concentration of uranium in equilibrium with K2U2O7·1.5H2O(cr) shows a pH-independent behaviour up to pHm ≈ 11 regardless of ionic strength, whereas an increase of the solubility with a well–defined slope of +1 (log [U] vs. pHm) is observed at pHm ≥11. These results are consistent with the predominance of UO2(OH)3– and UO2(OH)42- species as previously reported in the literature. The combination of solubility data obtained in the present study with K2U2O7·1.5H2O(cr) and the U(VI) hydrolysis scheme reported in Altmaier et al. (2017) yields a solubility product of log *K°s,0{0.5K2U2O7·1.5H2O(cr)} = (12.0 ± 0.2). SIT ion interaction coefficients for UO2(OH)3– and UO2(OH)42- with K+ are derived based on the newly generated experimental data in dilute to concentrated KCl systems and analogy with NaCl systems. This work extends the thermodynamic database available for U(VI) and allows more accurate source term calculations in the context of nuclear waste disposal under boundary conditions where significant K concentrations may be present and redox conditions lie in the stability field of U(VI). Finally, the K2U2O7·1.5H2O(cr) solid phase can be considered to control the solubility of U(VI) in the degradation phase I of cement and cementitious materials.},
doi = {10.1016/j.apgeochem.2018.09.017},
journal = {Applied Geochemistry},
number = C,
volume = 98,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

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