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Title: The Relative Importance of Saturated Silica Sand Interfacial and Pore Fluid Geochemistry on the Spectral Induced Polarization Response

Abstract

Adsorption at the solid-pore fluid interface is a key mechanism controlling the mobility of nutrients and contaminants in subsurface soils and sediments. The spectral induced polarization (SIP) method has been shown to be sensitive to the quantity and type of adsorbed ions. Extending previous results, we investigated the relevance of pH, solution conductivity, and ion type on the SIP response of saturated silica sand. We also performed adsorption experiments to evaluate whether adsorption plays a relevant role on the effect of saturating solution conductivity and pH. Given their environmental relevance and different electrochemical characteristics, we focused on exploring the influence of Cu 2+ and Na + adsorption on the SIP signature. The adsorption results confirm the expected and modeled pH influence on the adsorption of both Cu 2+ and Na +. The measured quadrature conductivity spectra indicate that pH and solution conductivity control the electrical double layer electrochemical state and its capacitive behavior. On the contrary, no appreciable SIP signal changes are associated with ion substitution. The adsorption experiments highlight low values of site occupancy for Na and Cu, which suggests that the effects of pH and fluid conductivity are unrelated to their control on the ion adsorption. We interpretmore » the solution conductivity as a proxy for ionic strength. The relative importance of pH and solution conductivity over ion type helps to further constrain the interpretation of SIP results in field geochemical and biogeochemical characterization and monitoring.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. Bordeaux Montaigne, Pessac (France)
  2. Univ. Bordeaux Montaigne, Pessac (France)
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
OSTI Identifier:
1477294
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1438497
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; ARPA‐E ROOTS; AC02‐05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research. Biogeosciences
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 123; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-8953
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES

Citation Formats

Peruzzo, Luca, Schmutz, Myriam, Franceschi, Michel, Wu, Yuxin, and Hubbard, Susan S. The Relative Importance of Saturated Silica Sand Interfacial and Pore Fluid Geochemistry on the Spectral Induced Polarization Response. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1029/2017JG004364.
Peruzzo, Luca, Schmutz, Myriam, Franceschi, Michel, Wu, Yuxin, & Hubbard, Susan S. The Relative Importance of Saturated Silica Sand Interfacial and Pore Fluid Geochemistry on the Spectral Induced Polarization Response. United States. doi:10.1029/2017JG004364.
Peruzzo, Luca, Schmutz, Myriam, Franceschi, Michel, Wu, Yuxin, and Hubbard, Susan S. Sat . "The Relative Importance of Saturated Silica Sand Interfacial and Pore Fluid Geochemistry on the Spectral Induced Polarization Response". United States. doi:10.1029/2017JG004364. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1477294.
@article{osti_1477294,
title = {The Relative Importance of Saturated Silica Sand Interfacial and Pore Fluid Geochemistry on the Spectral Induced Polarization Response},
author = {Peruzzo, Luca and Schmutz, Myriam and Franceschi, Michel and Wu, Yuxin and Hubbard, Susan S.},
abstractNote = {Adsorption at the solid-pore fluid interface is a key mechanism controlling the mobility of nutrients and contaminants in subsurface soils and sediments. The spectral induced polarization (SIP) method has been shown to be sensitive to the quantity and type of adsorbed ions. Extending previous results, we investigated the relevance of pH, solution conductivity, and ion type on the SIP response of saturated silica sand. We also performed adsorption experiments to evaluate whether adsorption plays a relevant role on the effect of saturating solution conductivity and pH. Given their environmental relevance and different electrochemical characteristics, we focused on exploring the influence of Cu2+ and Na+ adsorption on the SIP signature. The adsorption results confirm the expected and modeled pH influence on the adsorption of both Cu2+ and Na+. The measured quadrature conductivity spectra indicate that pH and solution conductivity control the electrical double layer electrochemical state and its capacitive behavior. On the contrary, no appreciable SIP signal changes are associated with ion substitution. The adsorption experiments highlight low values of site occupancy for Na and Cu, which suggests that the effects of pH and fluid conductivity are unrelated to their control on the ion adsorption. We interpret the solution conductivity as a proxy for ionic strength. The relative importance of pH and solution conductivity over ion type helps to further constrain the interpretation of SIP results in field geochemical and biogeochemical characterization and monitoring.},
doi = {10.1029/2017JG004364},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research. Biogeosciences},
number = 5,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: PHREEQC calculation results obtained with CD-MUSIC model of the surface charge density for NaCl solutions with different conductivity and pH value. The pH was adjusted with HCl and NaSO4. Nonspecific adsorption was assumed for the monovalent cation Na+ and the anions Cl- and SO4 2+. CD-MUSIC = chargemore » distribution multisite complexation.« less

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