skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

This content will become publicly available on May 18, 2019

Title: Chemical storage of renewable energy

We report the conversion of carbon dioxide (CO 2) into fuels and chemicals using renewable energy is a potential pathway to mitigate increasing CO 2 concentration in the atmosphere and acidification of the oceans. In a process that is essentially the reverse of combustion and is analogous to photosynthesis, CO 2 can be electrochemically reduced to hydrocarbons by using renewable power sources such as wind and solar. This process would not compete with direct use of renewable energy as electricity, as the objective is to store excess energy for later use. Lastly, on page 783 of this issue, Dinh et al. show that ethylene can be generated selectively via electrochemical CO 2 reduction at rates that could yield a technologically feasible process.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis and Materials Sciences Division; Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Department of Materials Science and Engineering
  2. Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom). Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 360; Journal Issue: 6390; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Publisher:
AAAS
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22), Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division (SC-22.1)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; 25 ENERGY STORAGE
OSTI Identifier:
1477288

Ager, Joel W., and Lapkin, Alexei A.. Chemical storage of renewable energy. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1126/science.aat7918.
Ager, Joel W., & Lapkin, Alexei A.. Chemical storage of renewable energy. United States. doi:10.1126/science.aat7918.
Ager, Joel W., and Lapkin, Alexei A.. 2018. "Chemical storage of renewable energy". United States. doi:10.1126/science.aat7918.
@article{osti_1477288,
title = {Chemical storage of renewable energy},
author = {Ager, Joel W. and Lapkin, Alexei A.},
abstractNote = {We report the conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) into fuels and chemicals using renewable energy is a potential pathway to mitigate increasing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere and acidification of the oceans. In a process that is essentially the reverse of combustion and is analogous to photosynthesis, CO2 can be electrochemically reduced to hydrocarbons by using renewable power sources such as wind and solar. This process would not compete with direct use of renewable energy as electricity, as the objective is to store excess energy for later use. Lastly, on page 783 of this issue, Dinh et al. show that ethylene can be generated selectively via electrochemical CO2 reduction at rates that could yield a technologically feasible process.},
doi = {10.1126/science.aat7918},
journal = {Science},
number = 6390,
volume = 360,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Prospects of CO2 Utilization via Direct Heterogeneous Electrochemical Reduction
journal, December 2010
  • Whipple, Devin T.; Kenis, Paul J. A.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 1, Issue 24, p. 3451-3458
  • DOI: 10.1021/jz1012627