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Title: Constraints on Sub-GeV Dark-Matter–Electron Scattering from the DarkSide-50 Experiment

Abstract

Here, we present new constraints on sub-GeV dark matter particles scattering off electrons based on 6780.0 kg d of data collected with the DarkSide-50 dual-phase argon time projection chamber. This analysis uses electroluminescence signals due to ionized electrons extracted from the liquid argon target. The detector has a very high trigger probability for these signals, allowing for an analysis threshold of three extracted electrons, or approximately 0.05 keVee. We calculate the expected recoil spectra for dark matter-electron scattering in argon and, under the assumption of momentum-independent scattering, improve upon existing limits from XENON10 for dark-matter particles with masses between 30 and 100 MeV/c 2.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
The DarkSide Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1476763
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1469747; OSTI ID: 1478059; OSTI ID: 1489334
Report Number(s):
BNL-209153-2018-JAAM; arXiv:1802.06998; FERMILAB-PUB-18-052-AD-AE-CD-E; PNNL-SA-132745
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; FG02-91ER40671; AC02-07CH11359; AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Araujo, G. R., Asner, D. M., Ave, M., Back, H. O., Baldin, B., Batignani, G., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bottino, B., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Caminata, A., Canci, N., Candela, A., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Carpinelli, M., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Cavuoti, S., Cereseto, R., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cifarelli, L., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., D’Angelo, D., D’Incecco, M., D’Urso, D., Davini, S., De Candia, A., De Cecco, S., De Deo, M., De Filippis, G., De Rosa, G., De Vincenzi, M., Demontis, P., Derbin, A. V., Devoto, A., Di Eusanio, F., Di Pietro, G., Dionisi, C., Downing, M., Edkins, E., Empl, A., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Gabrieli, A., Galbiati, C., Garcia Abia, P., Ghiano, C., Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Gorchakov, O., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Gulino, M., Hackett, B. R., Hassanshahi, M. H., Herner, K., Hosseini, B., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, Al., Ianni, An., Ippolito, V., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Kahn, Y., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Kochanek, I., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Kuss, M., La Commara, M., Lai, M., Li, X., Lisanti, M., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Longo, G., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mapelli, L., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Martoff, C. J., Messina, A., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Mishra-Sharma, S., Monte, A., Morrocchi, M., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Nania, R., Navrer Agasson, A., Nozdrina, A. O., Oleinik, A., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pandola, L., Pantic, E., Paoloni, E., Pazzona, F., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pesudo, V., Picciau, E., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Poudel, S. S., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Ragusa, F., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Sablone, D., Samoylov, O., Sands, W., Sanfilippo, S., Sant, M., Santorelli, R., Savarese, C., Scapparone, E., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Shchagin, A., Sheshukov, A., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Stracka, S., Suffritti, G. B., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Waldrop, T. J., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wojcik, M. M., Wojcik, M., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Yang, C., Ye, Z., Zhu, C., Zichichi, A., and Zuzel, G. Constraints on Sub-GeV Dark-Matter–Electron Scattering from the DarkSide-50 Experiment. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.111303.
Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Araujo, G. R., Asner, D. M., Ave, M., Back, H. O., Baldin, B., Batignani, G., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bottino, B., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Caminata, A., Canci, N., Candela, A., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Carpinelli, M., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Cavuoti, S., Cereseto, R., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cifarelli, L., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., D’Angelo, D., D’Incecco, M., D’Urso, D., Davini, S., De Candia, A., De Cecco, S., De Deo, M., De Filippis, G., De Rosa, G., De Vincenzi, M., Demontis, P., Derbin, A. V., Devoto, A., Di Eusanio, F., Di Pietro, G., Dionisi, C., Downing, M., Edkins, E., Empl, A., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Gabrieli, A., Galbiati, C., Garcia Abia, P., Ghiano, C., Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Gorchakov, O., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Gulino, M., Hackett, B. R., Hassanshahi, M. H., Herner, K., Hosseini, B., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, Al., Ianni, An., Ippolito, V., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Kahn, Y., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Kochanek, I., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Kuss, M., La Commara, M., Lai, M., Li, X., Lisanti, M., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Longo, G., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mapelli, L., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Martoff, C. J., Messina, A., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Mishra-Sharma, S., Monte, A., Morrocchi, M., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Nania, R., Navrer Agasson, A., Nozdrina, A. O., Oleinik, A., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pandola, L., Pantic, E., Paoloni, E., Pazzona, F., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pesudo, V., Picciau, E., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Poudel, S. S., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Ragusa, F., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Sablone, D., Samoylov, O., Sands, W., Sanfilippo, S., Sant, M., Santorelli, R., Savarese, C., Scapparone, E., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Shchagin, A., Sheshukov, A., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Stracka, S., Suffritti, G. B., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Waldrop, T. J., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wojcik, M. M., Wojcik, M., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Yang, C., Ye, Z., Zhu, C., Zichichi, A., & Zuzel, G. Constraints on Sub-GeV Dark-Matter–Electron Scattering from the DarkSide-50 Experiment. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.111303.
Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Araujo, G. R., Asner, D. M., Ave, M., Back, H. O., Baldin, B., Batignani, G., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bottino, B., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Caminata, A., Canci, N., Candela, A., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Carpinelli, M., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Cavuoti, S., Cereseto, R., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cifarelli, L., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., D’Angelo, D., D’Incecco, M., D’Urso, D., Davini, S., De Candia, A., De Cecco, S., De Deo, M., De Filippis, G., De Rosa, G., De Vincenzi, M., Demontis, P., Derbin, A. V., Devoto, A., Di Eusanio, F., Di Pietro, G., Dionisi, C., Downing, M., Edkins, E., Empl, A., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Gabrieli, A., Galbiati, C., Garcia Abia, P., Ghiano, C., Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Gorchakov, O., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Gulino, M., Hackett, B. R., Hassanshahi, M. H., Herner, K., Hosseini, B., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, Al., Ianni, An., Ippolito, V., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Kahn, Y., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Kochanek, I., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Kuss, M., La Commara, M., Lai, M., Li, X., Lisanti, M., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Longo, G., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mapelli, L., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Martoff, C. J., Messina, A., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Mishra-Sharma, S., Monte, A., Morrocchi, M., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Nania, R., Navrer Agasson, A., Nozdrina, A. O., Oleinik, A., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pandola, L., Pantic, E., Paoloni, E., Pazzona, F., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pesudo, V., Picciau, E., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Poudel, S. S., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Ragusa, F., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Sablone, D., Samoylov, O., Sands, W., Sanfilippo, S., Sant, M., Santorelli, R., Savarese, C., Scapparone, E., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Shchagin, A., Sheshukov, A., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Stracka, S., Suffritti, G. B., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Waldrop, T. J., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wojcik, M. M., Wojcik, M., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Yang, C., Ye, Z., Zhu, C., Zichichi, A., and Zuzel, G. Wed . "Constraints on Sub-GeV Dark-Matter–Electron Scattering from the DarkSide-50 Experiment". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.111303. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1476763.
@article{osti_1476763,
title = {Constraints on Sub-GeV Dark-Matter–Electron Scattering from the DarkSide-50 Experiment},
author = {Agnes, P. and Albuquerque, I. F. M. and Alexander, T. and Alton, A. K. and Araujo, G. R. and Asner, D. M. and Ave, M. and Back, H. O. and Baldin, B. and Batignani, G. and Biery, K. and Bocci, V. and Bonfini, G. and Bonivento, W. and Bottino, B. and Budano, F. and Bussino, S. and Cadeddu, M. and Cadoni, M. and Calaprice, F. and Caminata, A. and Canci, N. and Candela, A. and Caravati, M. and Cariello, M. and Carlini, M. and Carpinelli, M. and Catalanotti, S. and Cataudella, V. and Cavalcante, P. and Cavuoti, S. and Cereseto, R. and Chepurnov, A. and Cicalò, C. and Cifarelli, L. and Cocco, A. G. and Covone, G. and D’Angelo, D. and D’Incecco, M. and D’Urso, D. and Davini, S. and De Candia, A. and De Cecco, S. and De Deo, M. and De Filippis, G. and De Rosa, G. and De Vincenzi, M. and Demontis, P. and Derbin, A. V. and Devoto, A. and Di Eusanio, F. and Di Pietro, G. and Dionisi, C. and Downing, M. and Edkins, E. and Empl, A. and Fan, A. and Fiorillo, G. and Fomenko, K. and Franco, D. and Gabriele, F. and Gabrieli, A. and Galbiati, C. and Garcia Abia, P. and Ghiano, C. and Giagu, S. and Giganti, C. and Giovanetti, G. K. and Gorchakov, O. and Goretti, A. M. and Granato, F. and Gromov, M. and Guan, M. and Guardincerri, Y. and Gulino, M. and Hackett, B. R. and Hassanshahi, M. H. and Herner, K. and Hosseini, B. and Hughes, D. and Humble, P. and Hungerford, E. V. and Ianni, Al. and Ianni, An. and Ippolito, V. and James, I. and Johnson, T. N. and Kahn, Y. and Keeter, K. and Kendziora, C. L. and Kochanek, I. and Koh, G. and Korablev, D. and Korga, G. and Kubankin, A. and Kuss, M. and La Commara, M. and Lai, M. and Li, X. and Lisanti, M. and Lissia, M. and Loer, B. and Longo, G. and Ma, Y. and Machado, A. A. and Machulin, I. N. and Mandarano, A. and Mapelli, L. and Mari, S. M. and Maricic, J. and Martoff, C. J. and Messina, A. and Meyers, P. D. and Milincic, R. and Mishra-Sharma, S. and Monte, A. and Morrocchi, M. and Mount, B. J. and Muratova, V. N. and Musico, P. and Nania, R. and Navrer Agasson, A. and Nozdrina, A. O. and Oleinik, A. and Orsini, M. and Ortica, F. and Pagani, L. and Pallavicini, M. and Pandola, L. and Pantic, E. and Paoloni, E. and Pazzona, F. and Pelczar, K. and Pelliccia, N. and Pesudo, V. and Picciau, E. and Pocar, A. and Pordes, S. and Poudel, S. S. and Pugachev, D. A. and Qian, H. and Ragusa, F. and Razeti, M. and Razeto, A. and Reinhold, B. and Renshaw, A. L. and Rescigno, M. and Riffard, Q. and Romani, A. and Rossi, B. and Rossi, N. and Sablone, D. and Samoylov, O. and Sands, W. and Sanfilippo, S. and Sant, M. and Santorelli, R. and Savarese, C. and Scapparone, E. and Schlitzer, B. and Segreto, E. and Semenov, D. A. and Shchagin, A. and Sheshukov, A. and Singh, P. N. and Skorokhvatov, M. D. and Smirnov, O. and Sotnikov, A. and Stanford, C. and Stracka, S. and Suffritti, G. B. and Suvorov, Y. and Tartaglia, R. and Testera, G. and Tonazzo, A. and Trinchese, P. and Unzhakov, E. V. and Verducci, M. and Vishneva, A. and Vogelaar, B. and Wada, M. and Waldrop, T. J. and Wang, H. and Wang, Y. and Watson, A. W. and Westerdale, S. and Wojcik, M. M. and Wojcik, M. and Xiang, X. and Xiao, X. and Yang, C. and Ye, Z. and Zhu, C. and Zichichi, A. and Zuzel, G.},
abstractNote = {Here, we present new constraints on sub-GeV dark matter particles scattering off electrons based on 6780.0 kg d of data collected with the DarkSide-50 dual-phase argon time projection chamber. This analysis uses electroluminescence signals due to ionized electrons extracted from the liquid argon target. The detector has a very high trigger probability for these signals, allowing for an analysis threshold of three extracted electrons, or approximately 0.05 keVee. We calculate the expected recoil spectra for dark matter-electron scattering in argon and, under the assumption of momentum-independent scattering, improve upon existing limits from XENON10 for dark-matter particles with masses between 30 and 100 MeV/c2.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.111303},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 11,
volume = 121,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

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