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Title: Viscosity and real-space molecular motion of water: Observation with inelastic x-ray scattering

Abstract

Even though viscosity is one of the fundamental properties of liquids, its microscopic origin is not fully understood. We determined the spatial and temporal correlation of molecular motions of water near room temperature and its temperature variation on a picosecond timescale and a subnanometer spatial scale, through high-resolution inelastic x-ray scattering measurement. The results, expressed in terms of the time-dependent pair correlation function called the Van Hove function, show that the timescale of the decay of the molecular correlation is directly related to the Maxwell relaxation time near room temperature, which is proportional to viscosity. This conclusion validates our earlier finding that the topological changes in atomic or molecular connectivity are the origin of viscosity in liquids.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6]
  1. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  2. Oita Univ. (Japan)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. RIKEN, Sayo (Japan); Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Inst., Sayo (Japan)
  5. RIKEN, Sayo (Japan)
  6. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1476425
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1463938
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC05-00OR22725]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review E
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 98; Journal Issue: 2]; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0045
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Shinohara, Yuya, Dmowski, Wojciech, Iwashita, Takuya, Wu, Bin, Ishikawa, Daisuke, Baron, Alfred Q. R., and Egami, Takeshi. Viscosity and real-space molecular motion of water: Observation with inelastic x-ray scattering. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.98.022604.
Shinohara, Yuya, Dmowski, Wojciech, Iwashita, Takuya, Wu, Bin, Ishikawa, Daisuke, Baron, Alfred Q. R., & Egami, Takeshi. Viscosity and real-space molecular motion of water: Observation with inelastic x-ray scattering. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.98.022604.
Shinohara, Yuya, Dmowski, Wojciech, Iwashita, Takuya, Wu, Bin, Ishikawa, Daisuke, Baron, Alfred Q. R., and Egami, Takeshi. Fri . "Viscosity and real-space molecular motion of water: Observation with inelastic x-ray scattering". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.98.022604. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1476425.
@article{osti_1476425,
title = {Viscosity and real-space molecular motion of water: Observation with inelastic x-ray scattering},
author = {Shinohara, Yuya and Dmowski, Wojciech and Iwashita, Takuya and Wu, Bin and Ishikawa, Daisuke and Baron, Alfred Q. R. and Egami, Takeshi},
abstractNote = {Even though viscosity is one of the fundamental properties of liquids, its microscopic origin is not fully understood. We determined the spatial and temporal correlation of molecular motions of water near room temperature and its temperature variation on a picosecond timescale and a subnanometer spatial scale, through high-resolution inelastic x-ray scattering measurement. The results, expressed in terms of the time-dependent pair correlation function called the Van Hove function, show that the timescale of the decay of the molecular correlation is directly related to the Maxwell relaxation time near room temperature, which is proportional to viscosity. This conclusion validates our earlier finding that the topological changes in atomic or molecular connectivity are the origin of viscosity in liquids.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevE.98.022604},
journal = {Physical Review E},
number = [2],
volume = [98],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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