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Title: X-ray diffraction of ramp-compressed aluminum to 475 GPa

Abstract

Here, we report on a series of experiments that use high-power lasers to ramp-compress aluminum (Al) up to 475 GPa. Under this quasi-isentropic compression, Al remains in the solid state and two solid–solid phase transformations are observed. In situ x-ray diffraction is performed to detect the crystal structure. A velocimetry diagnostic measures particle velocities in order to infer the pressure in the Al sample. We show that a solid–solid phase transition, consistent with a transformation to a hexagonal close-packed (hcp) structure, occurs at 216 ± 9 GPa. At higher pressures, a transformation to a structure consistent with the body-centered cubic (bcc) structure occurs at 321 ± 12 GPa. These phase transitions are also observed in 6061-O (annealed) Al alloy at 175 ± 9 GPa and 333 ± 11 GPa, respectively. Finally, correlations in the high-pressure crystallographic texture suggests the close-packed face-centered cubic (fcc) (111), hcp (002), and bcc (110) planes remain parallel through the solid–solid fcc–hcp and hcp–bcc transformations.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [6];  [6]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [7];  [3];  [5]
  1. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics. Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics. Dept. of Physics and Astronomy. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
  4. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
  5. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics
  6. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  7. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1476062
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1464854
Grant/Contract Number:  
[NA0001944; AC52-07NA27344; NA0003525]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 8]; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; alloys; lasers; crystal structure; phase transitions; velocimetry; X-ray diffraction

Citation Formats

Polsin, D. N., Fratanduono, D. E., Rygg, J. R., Lazicki, A., Smith, R. F., Eggert, J. H., Gregor, M. C., Henderson, B. J., Gong, X., Delettrez, J. A., Kraus, R. G., Celliers, P. M., Coppari, F., Swift, D. C., McCoy, C. A., Seagle, C. T., Davis, J. -P., Burns, S. J., Collins, G. W., and Boehly, T. R. X-ray diffraction of ramp-compressed aluminum to 475 GPa. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5032095.
Polsin, D. N., Fratanduono, D. E., Rygg, J. R., Lazicki, A., Smith, R. F., Eggert, J. H., Gregor, M. C., Henderson, B. J., Gong, X., Delettrez, J. A., Kraus, R. G., Celliers, P. M., Coppari, F., Swift, D. C., McCoy, C. A., Seagle, C. T., Davis, J. -P., Burns, S. J., Collins, G. W., & Boehly, T. R. X-ray diffraction of ramp-compressed aluminum to 475 GPa. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5032095.
Polsin, D. N., Fratanduono, D. E., Rygg, J. R., Lazicki, A., Smith, R. F., Eggert, J. H., Gregor, M. C., Henderson, B. J., Gong, X., Delettrez, J. A., Kraus, R. G., Celliers, P. M., Coppari, F., Swift, D. C., McCoy, C. A., Seagle, C. T., Davis, J. -P., Burns, S. J., Collins, G. W., and Boehly, T. R. Thu . "X-ray diffraction of ramp-compressed aluminum to 475 GPa". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5032095. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1476062.
@article{osti_1476062,
title = {X-ray diffraction of ramp-compressed aluminum to 475 GPa},
author = {Polsin, D. N. and Fratanduono, D. E. and Rygg, J. R. and Lazicki, A. and Smith, R. F. and Eggert, J. H. and Gregor, M. C. and Henderson, B. J. and Gong, X. and Delettrez, J. A. and Kraus, R. G. and Celliers, P. M. and Coppari, F. and Swift, D. C. and McCoy, C. A. and Seagle, C. T. and Davis, J. -P. and Burns, S. J. and Collins, G. W. and Boehly, T. R.},
abstractNote = {Here, we report on a series of experiments that use high-power lasers to ramp-compress aluminum (Al) up to 475 GPa. Under this quasi-isentropic compression, Al remains in the solid state and two solid–solid phase transformations are observed. In situ x-ray diffraction is performed to detect the crystal structure. A velocimetry diagnostic measures particle velocities in order to infer the pressure in the Al sample. We show that a solid–solid phase transition, consistent with a transformation to a hexagonal close-packed (hcp) structure, occurs at 216 ± 9 GPa. At higher pressures, a transformation to a structure consistent with the body-centered cubic (bcc) structure occurs at 321 ± 12 GPa. These phase transitions are also observed in 6061-O (annealed) Al alloy at 175 ± 9 GPa and 333 ± 11 GPa, respectively. Finally, correlations in the high-pressure crystallographic texture suggests the close-packed face-centered cubic (fcc) (111), hcp (002), and bcc (110) planes remain parallel through the solid–solid fcc–hcp and hcp–bcc transformations.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5032095},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = [8],
volume = [25],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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