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Title: Hard X-ray induced fast secondary electron cascading processes in solids

Abstract

Recent studies confirmed that the materials used in the extreme UV and soft X-ray regime for precise characterization of intense free-electron laser pulses (e.g., Si 3N 4) do not work efficiently in the hard X-ray regime, which is due to the fact that the impact of a hard X-ray photon is followed by a series of electron cascading processes. Following theoretical indication, we show that this limitation can be circumvented and the cascading time can be significantly reduced if the X-ray photon energy is double the ionization energy. We investigate an alternative material for pulse diagnostics, SnO 2, using the Linac Coherent Light Source at photon energies of 5 keV and 9 keV. We prove the validity of the concept and show that it has a large potential for practical applications. In conclusion, by applying the proposed criteria, the temporal accuracy of the non-invasive pulse diagnostic tools can be improved in current and emerging hard X-ray facilities.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [7] more »;  [13];  [1] « less
  1. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  2. Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e.V., Dresden (Germany); Hochschule Emden/Leer-Univ. of Applied Sciences, Emden (Germany); Carl von Ossietzky Univ., Oldenburg (Germany)
  3. Hochschule Emden/Leer-Univ. of Applied Sciences, Emden (Germany); Carl von Ossietzky Univ., Oldenburg (Germany)
  4. Hochschule Emden/Leer-Univ. of Applied Sciences, Emden (Germany); Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
  5. Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague (Czechia)
  6. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Univ. of Hamburg, Hamburg (Germany)
  7. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
  8. Polish Academy of Sciences, Krakow (Poland)
  9. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Queen's Univ., Kingston, ON (Canada)
  10. Imperial College London, London (United Kingdom)
  11. European XFEL, Schenefeld (Germany)
  12. Univ. of Hamburg, Hamburg (Germany)
  13. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Polish Academy of Sciences, Krakow (Poland)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1475483
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; LG15013; LM2015083; 05K16ME1; EP/K503733/1
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 113; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Mecseki, K., Höppner, H., Büscher, M., Tkachenko, V., Medvedev, N., Bekx, J. J., Lipp, V., Piekarz, P., Windeler, M., Tisch, J. W. G., Walke, D. J., Nakatsutsumi, M., Prandolini, M. J., Glownia, J. M., Sato, T., Sikorski, M., Chollet, M., Teubner, U., Robinson, J., Toleikis, S., Ziaja, B., and Tavella, F. Hard X-ray induced fast secondary electron cascading processes in solids. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5046070.
Mecseki, K., Höppner, H., Büscher, M., Tkachenko, V., Medvedev, N., Bekx, J. J., Lipp, V., Piekarz, P., Windeler, M., Tisch, J. W. G., Walke, D. J., Nakatsutsumi, M., Prandolini, M. J., Glownia, J. M., Sato, T., Sikorski, M., Chollet, M., Teubner, U., Robinson, J., Toleikis, S., Ziaja, B., & Tavella, F. Hard X-ray induced fast secondary electron cascading processes in solids. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5046070.
Mecseki, K., Höppner, H., Büscher, M., Tkachenko, V., Medvedev, N., Bekx, J. J., Lipp, V., Piekarz, P., Windeler, M., Tisch, J. W. G., Walke, D. J., Nakatsutsumi, M., Prandolini, M. J., Glownia, J. M., Sato, T., Sikorski, M., Chollet, M., Teubner, U., Robinson, J., Toleikis, S., Ziaja, B., and Tavella, F. Mon . "Hard X-ray induced fast secondary electron cascading processes in solids". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5046070. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1475483.
@article{osti_1475483,
title = {Hard X-ray induced fast secondary electron cascading processes in solids},
author = {Mecseki, K. and Höppner, H. and Büscher, M. and Tkachenko, V. and Medvedev, N. and Bekx, J. J. and Lipp, V. and Piekarz, P. and Windeler, M. and Tisch, J. W. G. and Walke, D. J. and Nakatsutsumi, M. and Prandolini, M. J. and Glownia, J. M. and Sato, T. and Sikorski, M. and Chollet, M. and Teubner, U. and Robinson, J. and Toleikis, S. and Ziaja, B. and Tavella, F.},
abstractNote = {Recent studies confirmed that the materials used in the extreme UV and soft X-ray regime for precise characterization of intense free-electron laser pulses (e.g., Si3N4) do not work efficiently in the hard X-ray regime, which is due to the fact that the impact of a hard X-ray photon is followed by a series of electron cascading processes. Following theoretical indication, we show that this limitation can be circumvented and the cascading time can be significantly reduced if the X-ray photon energy is double the ionization energy. We investigate an alternative material for pulse diagnostics, SnO2, using the Linac Coherent Light Source at photon energies of 5 keV and 9 keV. We prove the validity of the concept and show that it has a large potential for practical applications. In conclusion, by applying the proposed criteria, the temporal accuracy of the non-invasive pulse diagnostic tools can be improved in current and emerging hard X-ray facilities.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5046070},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
number = 11,
volume = 113,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

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