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Title: Surface Adsorption Affects the Performance of Alkaline Anion-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

Abstract

Material interactions at the polymer electrolytes–catalyst interface play a significant role in the catalytic efficiency of alkaline anion-exchange membrane fuel cells (AEMFCs). The surface adsorption behaviors of the cation–hydroxide–water and phenyl groups of polymer electrolytes on Pd- and Pt-based catalysts are investigated using two Pd-based hydrogen oxidation catalysts—Pd/C and Pd/C-CeO2—and two Pt-based catalysts—Pt/C and Pt-Ru/C. The rotating disk electrode study and complementary density functional theory calculations indicate that relatively low coadsorption of cation–hydroxide–water of the Pd-based catalysts enhances the hydrogen oxidation activity, yet substantial hydrogenation of the surface adsorbed phenyl groups reduces the hydrogen oxidation activity. The adsorption-driven interfacial behaviors of the Pd- and Pt-based catalysts correlate well with the AEMFC performance and short-term stability. Finally, this study gives insight into the potential use of non-Pt hydrogen oxidation reaction catalysts that have different surface adsorption characteristics in advanced AEMFCs.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering. Center for Micro-Engineered Materials (CMEM); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  3. Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Chemical Biology
  4. Inst. of Chemistry of Organometallic Compounds (CNR-ICCOM), Florence (Italy)
  5. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States). Materials Science and Engineering Center
  6. Technion−Israel Inst. of Technology, Haifa (Israel). The Wolfson Dept. of Chemical Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Transportation Office. Fuel Cell Technologies Office; USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E); USDOE Office of Science (SC); Nancy and Stephen Grand Technion Energy Program (GTEP) (Israel); Ministry of Science, Technology and Space (Israel); Israel Science Foundation (ISF); Israel Innovation Authority; Ministry of National Infrastructures, Energy and Water Resources (Israel); European Union (EU)
OSTI Identifier:
1475341
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-23616
Journal ID: ISSN 2155-5435
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396; AR0000769; AC02-05CH11231; 3-12940; 3-12948; 1481/17; 60503; 3-13671; 721065
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Catalysis
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2155-5435
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; Alkaline membrane fuel cell; anion exchange membrane fuel cells; catalyst−ionomer interface; cation adsorption; hydrogen absorption; hydrogen oxidation catalyst; palladium; phenyl adsorption

Citation Formats

Maurya, Sandip, Dumont, Joseph H., Villarrubia, Claudia Narvaez, Matanovic, Ivana, Li, Dongguo, Kim, Yu Seung, Noh, Sangtaik, Han, Junyoung, Bae, Chulsung, Miller, Hamish A., Fujimoto, Cy H., and Dekel, Dario R. Surface Adsorption Affects the Performance of Alkaline Anion-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1021/acscatal.8b03227.
Maurya, Sandip, Dumont, Joseph H., Villarrubia, Claudia Narvaez, Matanovic, Ivana, Li, Dongguo, Kim, Yu Seung, Noh, Sangtaik, Han, Junyoung, Bae, Chulsung, Miller, Hamish A., Fujimoto, Cy H., & Dekel, Dario R. Surface Adsorption Affects the Performance of Alkaline Anion-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.8b03227
Maurya, Sandip, Dumont, Joseph H., Villarrubia, Claudia Narvaez, Matanovic, Ivana, Li, Dongguo, Kim, Yu Seung, Noh, Sangtaik, Han, Junyoung, Bae, Chulsung, Miller, Hamish A., Fujimoto, Cy H., and Dekel, Dario R. Fri . "Surface Adsorption Affects the Performance of Alkaline Anion-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.8b03227. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1475341.
@article{osti_1475341,
title = {Surface Adsorption Affects the Performance of Alkaline Anion-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells},
author = {Maurya, Sandip and Dumont, Joseph H. and Villarrubia, Claudia Narvaez and Matanovic, Ivana and Li, Dongguo and Kim, Yu Seung and Noh, Sangtaik and Han, Junyoung and Bae, Chulsung and Miller, Hamish A. and Fujimoto, Cy H. and Dekel, Dario R.},
abstractNote = {Material interactions at the polymer electrolytes–catalyst interface play a significant role in the catalytic efficiency of alkaline anion-exchange membrane fuel cells (AEMFCs). The surface adsorption behaviors of the cation–hydroxide–water and phenyl groups of polymer electrolytes on Pd- and Pt-based catalysts are investigated using two Pd-based hydrogen oxidation catalysts—Pd/C and Pd/C-CeO2—and two Pt-based catalysts—Pt/C and Pt-Ru/C. The rotating disk electrode study and complementary density functional theory calculations indicate that relatively low coadsorption of cation–hydroxide–water of the Pd-based catalysts enhances the hydrogen oxidation activity, yet substantial hydrogenation of the surface adsorbed phenyl groups reduces the hydrogen oxidation activity. The adsorption-driven interfacial behaviors of the Pd- and Pt-based catalysts correlate well with the AEMFC performance and short-term stability. Finally, this study gives insight into the potential use of non-Pt hydrogen oxidation reaction catalysts that have different surface adsorption characteristics in advanced AEMFCs.},
doi = {10.1021/acscatal.8b03227},
journal = {ACS Catalysis},
number = 10,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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