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Title: Hybrid graphene metasurfaces for high-speed mid-infrared light modulation and single-pixel imaging

Abstract

During the past decades, major advances have been made in both the generation and detection of infrared light; however, its efficient wavefront manipulation and information processing still encounter great challenges. Efficient and fast optoelectronic modulators and spatial light modulators are required for mid-infrared imaging, sensing, security screening, communication and navigation, to name a few. However, their development remains elusive, and prevailing methods reported so far have suffered from drawbacks that significantly limit their practical applications. In this study, by leveraging graphene and metasurfaces, we demonstrate a high-performance free-space mid-infrared modulator operating at gigahertz speeds, low gate voltage and room temperature. Here, we further pixelate the hybrid graphene metasurface to form a prototype spatial light modulator for high frame rate single-pixel imaging, suggesting orders of magnitude improvement over conventional liquid crystal or micromirror-based spatial light modulators. Finally, this work opens up the possibility of exploring wavefront engineering for infrared technologies for which fast temporal and spatial modulations are indispensable.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [4];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States). Center for Metamaterials and Integrated Plasmonics, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
  3. Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States). School of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering
  4. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); US Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)
OSTI Identifier:
1475337
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-27546
Journal ID: ISSN 2047-7538
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396; FA9550-12-0491; FA9550-16-1- 0183
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Light, Science & Applications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2047-7538
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING

Citation Formats

Zeng, Beibei, Huang, Zhiqin, Singh, Akhilesh, Yao, Yu, Azad, Abul Kalam, Mohite, Aditya, Taylor, Antoinette Jane, Smith, David, and Chen, Hou-Tong. Hybrid graphene metasurfaces for high-speed mid-infrared light modulation and single-pixel imaging. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41377-018-0055-4.
Zeng, Beibei, Huang, Zhiqin, Singh, Akhilesh, Yao, Yu, Azad, Abul Kalam, Mohite, Aditya, Taylor, Antoinette Jane, Smith, David, & Chen, Hou-Tong. Hybrid graphene metasurfaces for high-speed mid-infrared light modulation and single-pixel imaging. United States. doi:10.1038/s41377-018-0055-4.
Zeng, Beibei, Huang, Zhiqin, Singh, Akhilesh, Yao, Yu, Azad, Abul Kalam, Mohite, Aditya, Taylor, Antoinette Jane, Smith, David, and Chen, Hou-Tong. Wed . "Hybrid graphene metasurfaces for high-speed mid-infrared light modulation and single-pixel imaging". United States. doi:10.1038/s41377-018-0055-4. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1475337.
@article{osti_1475337,
title = {Hybrid graphene metasurfaces for high-speed mid-infrared light modulation and single-pixel imaging},
author = {Zeng, Beibei and Huang, Zhiqin and Singh, Akhilesh and Yao, Yu and Azad, Abul Kalam and Mohite, Aditya and Taylor, Antoinette Jane and Smith, David and Chen, Hou-Tong},
abstractNote = {During the past decades, major advances have been made in both the generation and detection of infrared light; however, its efficient wavefront manipulation and information processing still encounter great challenges. Efficient and fast optoelectronic modulators and spatial light modulators are required for mid-infrared imaging, sensing, security screening, communication and navigation, to name a few. However, their development remains elusive, and prevailing methods reported so far have suffered from drawbacks that significantly limit their practical applications. In this study, by leveraging graphene and metasurfaces, we demonstrate a high-performance free-space mid-infrared modulator operating at gigahertz speeds, low gate voltage and room temperature. Here, we further pixelate the hybrid graphene metasurface to form a prototype spatial light modulator for high frame rate single-pixel imaging, suggesting orders of magnitude improvement over conventional liquid crystal or micromirror-based spatial light modulators. Finally, this work opens up the possibility of exploring wavefront engineering for infrared technologies for which fast temporal and spatial modulations are indispensable.},
doi = {10.1038/s41377-018-0055-4},
journal = {Light, Science & Applications},
number = 1,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 17 works
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Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: Tuning graphene conductivity with a low gate voltage bias. a Schematic of the FET structure in which a-Si serves as part of the back-gate electrode and the ultrathin Al2O3 layer serves as the gate dielectric. b Measured drain-source current Ids across the graphene as a function of gatemore » voltage Vg at different drain-source biases Vds. c Graphene resistance Rds as a function of gate voltage at Vds = −0.50V, revealing the graphene charge neutrality point at approximately 2 V« less

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      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.