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Title: Dynamics of Vortices in Chiral Media: The Chiral Propulsion Effect

Abstract

We study the motion of vortex filaments in chiral media, and find a semi-classical analog of the anomaly-induced chiral magnetic effect. The helical solitonic excitations on vortices in a parity-breaking medium are found to carry an additional energy flow along the vortex in the direction dictated by the sign of chirality imbalance; we call this new transport phenomenon the Chiral Propulsion Effect (CPE). The dynamics of the filament is described by a modified version of the localized induction equation in the parity-breaking background. We analyze the linear stability of simple vortex configurations, and study the effects of chiral media on the excitation spectrum and the growth rate of the unstable modes. It is also shown that, if the equation of motion of the filament is symmetric under the simultaneous reversal of parity and time, the resulting planar solution cannot transport energy.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP)
OSTI Identifier:
1475083
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1477726; OSTI ID: 1479270
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-22126; BNL-209331-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; 142301
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG-88ER40388; SC0017662; AC02-98CH10886; AC52-06NA25396; SC0012704
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review Letters Journal Volume: 121 Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; Atomic and Nuclear Physics; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Hirono, Yuji, Kharzeev, Dmitri E., and Sadofyev, Andrey V. Dynamics of Vortices in Chiral Media: The Chiral Propulsion Effect. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.142301.
Hirono, Yuji, Kharzeev, Dmitri E., & Sadofyev, Andrey V. Dynamics of Vortices in Chiral Media: The Chiral Propulsion Effect. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.142301.
Hirono, Yuji, Kharzeev, Dmitri E., and Sadofyev, Andrey V. Mon . "Dynamics of Vortices in Chiral Media: The Chiral Propulsion Effect". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.142301.
@article{osti_1475083,
title = {Dynamics of Vortices in Chiral Media: The Chiral Propulsion Effect},
author = {Hirono, Yuji and Kharzeev, Dmitri E. and Sadofyev, Andrey V.},
abstractNote = {We study the motion of vortex filaments in chiral media, and find a semi-classical analog of the anomaly-induced chiral magnetic effect. The helical solitonic excitations on vortices in a parity-breaking medium are found to carry an additional energy flow along the vortex in the direction dictated by the sign of chirality imbalance; we call this new transport phenomenon the Chiral Propulsion Effect (CPE). The dynamics of the filament is described by a modified version of the localized induction equation in the parity-breaking background. We analyze the linear stability of simple vortex configurations, and study the effects of chiral media on the excitation spectrum and the growth rate of the unstable modes. It is also shown that, if the equation of motion of the filament is symmetric under the simultaneous reversal of parity and time, the resulting planar solution cannot transport energy.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.142301},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 14,
volume = 121,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.142301

Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1. FIG. 1.: Nonplanar [left, (ϵ; $τ$0; $t$) = (1; 0.4; 0 ) and planar [right, (ϵ; $τ$0; $t$) = (1; 0; 0)] solitons.

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