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Title: High performance aliphatic-heterocyclic benzyl-quaternary ammonium radiation-grafted anion-exchange membranes

Abstract

Here, anion-exchange membranes (AEM) containing saturated-heterocyclic benzyl-quaternary ammonium (QA) groups synthesised by radiation-grafting onto poly(ethylene-co-tetrafluoroethylene) (ETFE) films are reported. The relative properties of these AEMs are compared with the benchmark radiation-grafted ETFE-g-poly(vinylbenzyltrimethylammonium) AEM. Two AEMs containing heterocyclic-QA head groups were down-selected with higher relative stabilities in aqueous KOH (1 mol dm–3) at 80 °C (compared to the benchmark): these 100 μm thick (fully hydrated) ETFE-g-poly(vinylbenzyl-N-methylpiperidinium)- and ETFE-g-poly(vinylbenzyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium)-based AEMs had as-synthesised ion-exchange capacities (IEC) of 1.64 and 1.66 mmol g–1, respectively, which reduced to 1.36 mmol dm–3 (ca. 17–18% loss of IEC) after alkali ageing (the benchmark AEM showed 30% loss of IEC under the same conditions).

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [4];  [2];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Surrey, Guildford (United Kingdom)
  2. Wuhan Univ., Wuhan (People's Republic of China)
  3. Durham Univ., Durham (United Kingdom)
  4. Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)
  5. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC); U.S. Army Research Laboratory, U.S. Army Research Office (ARO); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1474856
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energy & Environmental Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1754-5692
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Ponce-González, Julia, Whelligan, Daniel K., Wang, Lianqin, Bance-Soualhi, Rachida, Wang, Ying, Peng, Yanqiu, Peng, Hanqing, Apperley, David C., Sarode, Himanshu N., Pandey, Tara P., Divekar, Ashutosh G., Seifert, Soenke, Herring, Andrew M., Zhuang, Lin, and Varcoe, John R. High performance aliphatic-heterocyclic benzyl-quaternary ammonium radiation-grafted anion-exchange membranes. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1039/C6EE01958G.
Ponce-González, Julia, Whelligan, Daniel K., Wang, Lianqin, Bance-Soualhi, Rachida, Wang, Ying, Peng, Yanqiu, Peng, Hanqing, Apperley, David C., Sarode, Himanshu N., Pandey, Tara P., Divekar, Ashutosh G., Seifert, Soenke, Herring, Andrew M., Zhuang, Lin, & Varcoe, John R. High performance aliphatic-heterocyclic benzyl-quaternary ammonium radiation-grafted anion-exchange membranes. United States. doi:10.1039/C6EE01958G.
Ponce-González, Julia, Whelligan, Daniel K., Wang, Lianqin, Bance-Soualhi, Rachida, Wang, Ying, Peng, Yanqiu, Peng, Hanqing, Apperley, David C., Sarode, Himanshu N., Pandey, Tara P., Divekar, Ashutosh G., Seifert, Soenke, Herring, Andrew M., Zhuang, Lin, and Varcoe, John R. Mon . "High performance aliphatic-heterocyclic benzyl-quaternary ammonium radiation-grafted anion-exchange membranes". United States. doi:10.1039/C6EE01958G. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1474856.
@article{osti_1474856,
title = {High performance aliphatic-heterocyclic benzyl-quaternary ammonium radiation-grafted anion-exchange membranes},
author = {Ponce-González, Julia and Whelligan, Daniel K. and Wang, Lianqin and Bance-Soualhi, Rachida and Wang, Ying and Peng, Yanqiu and Peng, Hanqing and Apperley, David C. and Sarode, Himanshu N. and Pandey, Tara P. and Divekar, Ashutosh G. and Seifert, Soenke and Herring, Andrew M. and Zhuang, Lin and Varcoe, John R.},
abstractNote = {Here, anion-exchange membranes (AEM) containing saturated-heterocyclic benzyl-quaternary ammonium (QA) groups synthesised by radiation-grafting onto poly(ethylene-co-tetrafluoroethylene) (ETFE) films are reported. The relative properties of these AEMs are compared with the benchmark radiation-grafted ETFE-g-poly(vinylbenzyltrimethylammonium) AEM. Two AEMs containing heterocyclic-QA head groups were down-selected with higher relative stabilities in aqueous KOH (1 mol dm–3) at 80 °C (compared to the benchmark): these 100 μm thick (fully hydrated) ETFE-g-poly(vinylbenzyl-N-methylpiperidinium)- and ETFE-g-poly(vinylbenzyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium)-based AEMs had as-synthesised ion-exchange capacities (IEC) of 1.64 and 1.66 mmol g–1, respectively, which reduced to 1.36 mmol dm–3 (ca. 17–18% loss of IEC) after alkali ageing (the benchmark AEM showed 30% loss of IEC under the same conditions).},
doi = {10.1039/C6EE01958G},
journal = {Energy & Environmental Science},
number = 12,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {10}
}

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