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Title: Parametric study and optimization trends for the Von-Kármán-sodium dynamo experiment

Abstract

In this paper, we present magneto-hydrodynamic simulations of liquid sodium flow performed with the PLUTO compressible MHD code. We investigated the influence of the remanent magnetic field orientation and intensity, the impinging velocity field due to Ekman pumping as well as the impeller dimensions on the magnetic field collimation by helical flows in-between the impeller blades. For a simplified Cartesian geometry, we model the flow dynamics of a multi-blade impeller inspired by the Von-Kármán-Sodium experiment. This study shows that a remanent magnetic field oriented in the toroidal direction is the less efficient configuration to collimate the magnetic field, although if the radial or vertical components are not negligible, the collimation is significantly improved. As the intensity of the remanent magnetic field increases, the system magnetic energy becomes larger, but the magnetic field collimation efficiency remains the same, so the gain of magnetic energy is smaller as the remanent magnetic field intensity increases. The magnetic field collimation is modified if the impinging velocity field changes: the collimation is weaker if the impinging velocity increases from Γ = 0.8 to 0.9 and slightly larger if the impinging velocity decreases from Γ = 0.8 to 0.7. The analysis of the impeller dimensions pointsmore » out that the most efficient configuration to collimate the magnetic field requires a ratio between the impeller blade height and the base longitude between 0.375 and 0.5. The largest enhancement of the hypothetical α 2 dynamo loop, compared to the hypothetical Ω-α dynamo loop, is observed for the model that mimics the TM 73 impeller configuration rotating in the unscooping direction with a remanent magnetic field of 10 –3 T orientated in the radial or vertical direction. Finally, the optimization trends obtained in the parametric analysis are also confirmed by simulations with a higher resolution and turbulence degree.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); CNRS and Univ. Paris-Sud, Orsay (France). Computer Science Lab. for Mechanics and Engineering Sciences (LIMSI); Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), Saclay (France)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); CNRS and Univ. Paris-Sud, Orsay (France)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; European Research Council (ERC)
OSTI Identifier:
1474661
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; 2013-02711; 640997
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; magnetohydrodynamics; ferromagnetic materials; magnetic energy; fluid flows; solar system dwarf planets; flow dynamics; fluid dynamics; chemical elements; hydrodynamics simulations; turbulent flows

Citation Formats

Varela, J. Parametric study and optimization trends for the Von-Kármán-sodium dynamo experiment. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5019691.
Varela, J. Parametric study and optimization trends for the Von-Kármán-sodium dynamo experiment. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5019691.
Varela, J. Thu . "Parametric study and optimization trends for the Von-Kármán-sodium dynamo experiment". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5019691. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1474661.
@article{osti_1474661,
title = {Parametric study and optimization trends for the Von-Kármán-sodium dynamo experiment},
author = {Varela, J.},
abstractNote = {In this paper, we present magneto-hydrodynamic simulations of liquid sodium flow performed with the PLUTO compressible MHD code. We investigated the influence of the remanent magnetic field orientation and intensity, the impinging velocity field due to Ekman pumping as well as the impeller dimensions on the magnetic field collimation by helical flows in-between the impeller blades. For a simplified Cartesian geometry, we model the flow dynamics of a multi-blade impeller inspired by the Von-Kármán-Sodium experiment. This study shows that a remanent magnetic field oriented in the toroidal direction is the less efficient configuration to collimate the magnetic field, although if the radial or vertical components are not negligible, the collimation is significantly improved. As the intensity of the remanent magnetic field increases, the system magnetic energy becomes larger, but the magnetic field collimation efficiency remains the same, so the gain of magnetic energy is smaller as the remanent magnetic field intensity increases. The magnetic field collimation is modified if the impinging velocity field changes: the collimation is weaker if the impinging velocity increases from Γ = 0.8 to 0.9 and slightly larger if the impinging velocity decreases from Γ = 0.8 to 0.7. The analysis of the impeller dimensions points out that the most efficient configuration to collimate the magnetic field requires a ratio between the impeller blade height and the base longitude between 0.375 and 0.5. The largest enhancement of the hypothetical α2 dynamo loop, compared to the hypothetical Ω-α dynamo loop, is observed for the model that mimics the TM 73 impeller configuration rotating in the unscooping direction with a remanent magnetic field of 10–3 T orientated in the radial or vertical direction. Finally, the optimization trends obtained in the parametric analysis are also confirmed by simulations with a higher resolution and turbulence degree.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5019691},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 5,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

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