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Title: Next-generation diamond cell and applications to single-crystal neutron diffraction

Abstract

In this paper, a diamond cell optimized for single-crystal neutron diffraction is described. It is adapted for work at several of the single-crystal diffractometers of the Spallation Neutron Source and the High Flux Isotope Reactor at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). A simple spring design improves portability across the facilities and affords load maintenance from offline pressurization and during temperature cycling. Compared to earlier prototypes, pressure stability of polycrystalline diamond (Versimax®) has been increased through double-conical designs and ease of use has been improved through changes to seat and piston setups. These anvils allow ~30%-40% taller samples than possible with comparable single-crystal anvils. Hydrostaticity and the important absence of shear pressure gradients have been established with the use of glycerin as a pressure medium. Large single-crystal synthetic diamonds have also been used for the first time with such a clamp-diamond anvil cell for pressures close to 20 GPa. The cell is made from a copper beryllium alloy and sized to fit into ORNL’s magnets for future ultra-low temperature and high-field studies. Finally, we show examples from the Spallation Neutron Source’s SNAP and CORELLI beamlines and the High Flux Isotope Reactor’s HB-3A and IMAGINE beamlines.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Neutron Scattering Division, Neutron Sciences Directorate
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Neutron Scattering Division, Neutron Sciences Directorate; North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Department of Molecular and Structural Biochemistry
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Neutron Scattering Division, Neutron Sciences Directorate; Carnegie Institution for Sciences, Washington, DC (United States). Geophysical Laboratory
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (EFree); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1474626
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1471797
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; SC0001057
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 89; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Haberl, Bianca, Dissanayake, Sachith E., Wu, Yan, Myles, Dean A. A., Moreira Dos Santos, Antonio F., Loguillo, Mark, Rucker, Gerald M., Armitage, Douglas P., Cochran, Malcolm J., Andrews, Katie M., Hoffmann, Christina, Cao, Huibo, Matsuda, Masaaki, Meilleur, Flora, Ye, Feng, Molaison, Jamie J., and Boehler, Reinhard. Next-generation diamond cell and applications to single-crystal neutron diffraction. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5031454.
Haberl, Bianca, Dissanayake, Sachith E., Wu, Yan, Myles, Dean A. A., Moreira Dos Santos, Antonio F., Loguillo, Mark, Rucker, Gerald M., Armitage, Douglas P., Cochran, Malcolm J., Andrews, Katie M., Hoffmann, Christina, Cao, Huibo, Matsuda, Masaaki, Meilleur, Flora, Ye, Feng, Molaison, Jamie J., & Boehler, Reinhard. Next-generation diamond cell and applications to single-crystal neutron diffraction. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5031454.
Haberl, Bianca, Dissanayake, Sachith E., Wu, Yan, Myles, Dean A. A., Moreira Dos Santos, Antonio F., Loguillo, Mark, Rucker, Gerald M., Armitage, Douglas P., Cochran, Malcolm J., Andrews, Katie M., Hoffmann, Christina, Cao, Huibo, Matsuda, Masaaki, Meilleur, Flora, Ye, Feng, Molaison, Jamie J., and Boehler, Reinhard. Fri . "Next-generation diamond cell and applications to single-crystal neutron diffraction". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5031454. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1474626.
@article{osti_1474626,
title = {Next-generation diamond cell and applications to single-crystal neutron diffraction},
author = {Haberl, Bianca and Dissanayake, Sachith E. and Wu, Yan and Myles, Dean A. A. and Moreira Dos Santos, Antonio F. and Loguillo, Mark and Rucker, Gerald M. and Armitage, Douglas P. and Cochran, Malcolm J. and Andrews, Katie M. and Hoffmann, Christina and Cao, Huibo and Matsuda, Masaaki and Meilleur, Flora and Ye, Feng and Molaison, Jamie J. and Boehler, Reinhard},
abstractNote = {In this paper, a diamond cell optimized for single-crystal neutron diffraction is described. It is adapted for work at several of the single-crystal diffractometers of the Spallation Neutron Source and the High Flux Isotope Reactor at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). A simple spring design improves portability across the facilities and affords load maintenance from offline pressurization and during temperature cycling. Compared to earlier prototypes, pressure stability of polycrystalline diamond (Versimax®) has been increased through double-conical designs and ease of use has been improved through changes to seat and piston setups. These anvils allow ~30%-40% taller samples than possible with comparable single-crystal anvils. Hydrostaticity and the important absence of shear pressure gradients have been established with the use of glycerin as a pressure medium. Large single-crystal synthetic diamonds have also been used for the first time with such a clamp-diamond anvil cell for pressures close to 20 GPa. The cell is made from a copper beryllium alloy and sized to fit into ORNL’s magnets for future ultra-low temperature and high-field studies. Finally, we show examples from the Spallation Neutron Source’s SNAP and CORELLI beamlines and the High Flux Isotope Reactor’s HB-3A and IMAGINE beamlines.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5031454},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 9,
volume = 89,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

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Cited by: 3 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 2 Figure 2: Pressure-load curve measured via ruby fluorescence in the clamped CuBe $DAC$ compared to previous pressure-load curves. (a) The pressure-load curve measured in the clamped $DAC$ compared to one measured online using the membrane set-up. 6 mm $CVD$ anvils with 2 mm culets were used in both cases. Nominalmore » pressure is force over area. (b) The pressure-load curve taken from a clamped $DAC$ (maraging steel) with Versimax® anvils ($ø$ 3 mm culets) compared to the curve measured here scaled to 3 mm culet sizes.« less

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.