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Title: Micron-size Silicon Monoxide Asymmetric Membranes for Highly Stable Lithium Ion Battery Anode

Abstract

To meet the increasing demand for high energy density lithium ion batteries for electric vehicles and mobile electronics, it is mandatory to make revolutionary changes in electrode materials and chemistry. In this report, micron-size silicon monoxide powders are utilized to fabricate asymmetric membranes via a phase inversion method. We investigate the effects of carbonization temperature, silicon monoxide concentration and glues on membrane microstructure and electrochemical performance. It is also observed that silicon monoxide powders in the membranes consist of silicon with multiple oxidation states. All silicon monoxide asymmetric membrane electrodes are characteristic of significantly improved cycling stability as compared to the control silicon monoxide electrode. The best cycling performance is achieved from the asymmetric membrane with lower silicon monoxide content and using carboxymethyl cellulose as the glue. 95% initial capacity can be retained after 110 cycles at 400 mA g -1 for the membrane with ~33 wt.% silicon monoxide. Its initial capacity loss is only 23.1% with an average coulombic efficiency of 99.82% over 110 cycles.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Georgia Southern Univ., Statesboro, GA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry
  2. Binghamton Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Energy & Transportation Science Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1474567
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemistry Select
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 30; Journal ID: ISSN 2365-6549
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; asymmetric membrane; binders; lithium ion battery anode; micron-size silicon monoxide; phase inversion

Citation Formats

Wu, Ji, Jin, Congrui, Johnson, Nathan, Kusi, Moses, and Li, Jianlin. Micron-size Silicon Monoxide Asymmetric Membranes for Highly Stable Lithium Ion Battery Anode. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/slct.201801649.
Wu, Ji, Jin, Congrui, Johnson, Nathan, Kusi, Moses, & Li, Jianlin. Micron-size Silicon Monoxide Asymmetric Membranes for Highly Stable Lithium Ion Battery Anode. United States. doi:10.1002/slct.201801649.
Wu, Ji, Jin, Congrui, Johnson, Nathan, Kusi, Moses, and Li, Jianlin. Thu . "Micron-size Silicon Monoxide Asymmetric Membranes for Highly Stable Lithium Ion Battery Anode". United States. doi:10.1002/slct.201801649. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1474567.
@article{osti_1474567,
title = {Micron-size Silicon Monoxide Asymmetric Membranes for Highly Stable Lithium Ion Battery Anode},
author = {Wu, Ji and Jin, Congrui and Johnson, Nathan and Kusi, Moses and Li, Jianlin},
abstractNote = {To meet the increasing demand for high energy density lithium ion batteries for electric vehicles and mobile electronics, it is mandatory to make revolutionary changes in electrode materials and chemistry. In this report, micron-size silicon monoxide powders are utilized to fabricate asymmetric membranes via a phase inversion method. We investigate the effects of carbonization temperature, silicon monoxide concentration and glues on membrane microstructure and electrochemical performance. It is also observed that silicon monoxide powders in the membranes consist of silicon with multiple oxidation states. All silicon monoxide asymmetric membrane electrodes are characteristic of significantly improved cycling stability as compared to the control silicon monoxide electrode. The best cycling performance is achieved from the asymmetric membrane with lower silicon monoxide content and using carboxymethyl cellulose as the glue. 95% initial capacity can be retained after 110 cycles at 400 mA g-1 for the membrane with ~33 wt.% silicon monoxide. Its initial capacity loss is only 23.1% with an average coulombic efficiency of 99.82% over 110 cycles.},
doi = {10.1002/slct.201801649},
journal = {Chemistry Select},
number = 30,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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