skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Does Marine Surface Tension Have Global Biogeography? Addition for the OCEANFILMS Package

Abstract

We apply principles of Gibbs phase plane chemistry across the entire ocean-atmosphere interface to investigate aerosol generation and geophysical transfer issues. Marine surface tension differences comprise a tangential pressure field controlling trace gas fluxes, primary organic inputs, and sea spray salt injections, in addition to heat and momentum fluxes. Mapping follows from the organic microlayer composition, now represented in ocean system models. Organic functional variations drive the microforcing, leading to (1) reduced turbulence and (by extension) laminar gas-energy diffusion; plus (2) altered bubble film mass emission into the boundary layer. Interfacial chemical behaviors are, therefore, closely reviewed as the background. We focus on phase transitions among two dimensional “solid, liquid, and gaseous” states serving as elasticity indicators. From the pool of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) only proteins and lipids appear to occupy significant atmospheric interfacial areas. The literature suggests albumin and stearic acid as the best proxies, and we distribute them through ecodynamic simulation. Consensus bulk distributions are obtained to control their adsorptive equilibria. We devise parameterizations for both the planar free energy and equation of state, relating excess coverage to the surface pressure and its modulus. Constant settings for the molecular surrogates are drawn from laboratory study and successfullymore » reproduce surfactant solid-to-gas occurrence in compression experiments. Since DOC functionality measurements are rare, we group them into super-ecological province tables to verify aqueous concentration estimates. Outputs are then fed into a coverage, tension, elasticity code. The resulting two dimensional pressure contours cross a critical range for the regulation of precursor piston velocity, bubble breakage, and primary aerosol sources plus ripple damping. Concepts extend the water-air adsorption theory currently embodied in our OCEANFILMS aerosol emissions package, and the two approaches could be inserted into Earth System Models together. Uncertainties in the logic include kinetic and thermochemical factors operating at multiple scales.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [1];  [5];  [1];  [1];  [6];  [1];  [1];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10]; ORCiD logo [11];  [12];  [11];  [13]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  3. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  5. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
  6. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Building Technologies Research and Integration Center (BTRIC)
  7. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
  8. International Arctic Research Center, Fairbanks, AK (United States)
  9. Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States)
  10. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)
  11. Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States). Scripps Inst. of Oceanography
  12. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)
  13. New Mexico Inst. of Mining and Technology, Socorro, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1474516
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Atmosphere (Basel)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Atmosphere (Basel); Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2073-4433
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Elliott, Scott, Burrows, Susannah, Cameron-Smith, Philip, Hoffman, Forrest, Hunke, Elizabeth, Jeffery, Nicole, Liu, Yina, Maltrud, Mathew, Menzo, Zachary, Ogunro, Oluwaseun, Van Roekel, Luke, Wang, Shanlin, Brunke, Michael, Jin, Meibing, Letscher, Robert, Meskhidze, Nicholas, Russell, Lynn, Simpson, Isla, Stokes, Dale, and Wingenter, Oliver. Does Marine Surface Tension Have Global Biogeography? Addition for the OCEANFILMS Package. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.3390/atmos9060216.
Elliott, Scott, Burrows, Susannah, Cameron-Smith, Philip, Hoffman, Forrest, Hunke, Elizabeth, Jeffery, Nicole, Liu, Yina, Maltrud, Mathew, Menzo, Zachary, Ogunro, Oluwaseun, Van Roekel, Luke, Wang, Shanlin, Brunke, Michael, Jin, Meibing, Letscher, Robert, Meskhidze, Nicholas, Russell, Lynn, Simpson, Isla, Stokes, Dale, & Wingenter, Oliver. Does Marine Surface Tension Have Global Biogeography? Addition for the OCEANFILMS Package. United States. doi:10.3390/atmos9060216.
Elliott, Scott, Burrows, Susannah, Cameron-Smith, Philip, Hoffman, Forrest, Hunke, Elizabeth, Jeffery, Nicole, Liu, Yina, Maltrud, Mathew, Menzo, Zachary, Ogunro, Oluwaseun, Van Roekel, Luke, Wang, Shanlin, Brunke, Michael, Jin, Meibing, Letscher, Robert, Meskhidze, Nicholas, Russell, Lynn, Simpson, Isla, Stokes, Dale, and Wingenter, Oliver. Mon . "Does Marine Surface Tension Have Global Biogeography? Addition for the OCEANFILMS Package". United States. doi:10.3390/atmos9060216. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1474516.
@article{osti_1474516,
title = {Does Marine Surface Tension Have Global Biogeography? Addition for the OCEANFILMS Package},
author = {Elliott, Scott and Burrows, Susannah and Cameron-Smith, Philip and Hoffman, Forrest and Hunke, Elizabeth and Jeffery, Nicole and Liu, Yina and Maltrud, Mathew and Menzo, Zachary and Ogunro, Oluwaseun and Van Roekel, Luke and Wang, Shanlin and Brunke, Michael and Jin, Meibing and Letscher, Robert and Meskhidze, Nicholas and Russell, Lynn and Simpson, Isla and Stokes, Dale and Wingenter, Oliver},
abstractNote = {We apply principles of Gibbs phase plane chemistry across the entire ocean-atmosphere interface to investigate aerosol generation and geophysical transfer issues. Marine surface tension differences comprise a tangential pressure field controlling trace gas fluxes, primary organic inputs, and sea spray salt injections, in addition to heat and momentum fluxes. Mapping follows from the organic microlayer composition, now represented in ocean system models. Organic functional variations drive the microforcing, leading to (1) reduced turbulence and (by extension) laminar gas-energy diffusion; plus (2) altered bubble film mass emission into the boundary layer. Interfacial chemical behaviors are, therefore, closely reviewed as the background. We focus on phase transitions among two dimensional “solid, liquid, and gaseous” states serving as elasticity indicators. From the pool of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) only proteins and lipids appear to occupy significant atmospheric interfacial areas. The literature suggests albumin and stearic acid as the best proxies, and we distribute them through ecodynamic simulation. Consensus bulk distributions are obtained to control their adsorptive equilibria. We devise parameterizations for both the planar free energy and equation of state, relating excess coverage to the surface pressure and its modulus. Constant settings for the molecular surrogates are drawn from laboratory study and successfully reproduce surfactant solid-to-gas occurrence in compression experiments. Since DOC functionality measurements are rare, we group them into super-ecological province tables to verify aqueous concentration estimates. Outputs are then fed into a coverage, tension, elasticity code. The resulting two dimensional pressure contours cross a critical range for the regulation of precursor piston velocity, bubble breakage, and primary aerosol sources plus ripple damping. Concepts extend the water-air adsorption theory currently embodied in our OCEANFILMS aerosol emissions package, and the two approaches could be inserted into Earth System Models together. Uncertainties in the logic include kinetic and thermochemical factors operating at multiple scales.},
doi = {10.3390/atmos9060216},
journal = {Atmosphere (Basel)},
number = 6,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Fate of Dispersants Associated with the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
journal, February 2011

  • Kujawinski, Elizabeth B.; Kido Soule, Melissa C.; Valentine, David L.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 45, Issue 4, p. 1298-1306
  • DOI: 10.1021/es103838p

A review of chitin and chitosan applications
journal, November 2000