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Title: Historical (1750–2014) anthropogenic emissions of reactive gases and aerosols from the Community Emissions Data System (CEDS)

Here, we present a new data set of annual historical (1750–2014) anthropogenic chemically reactive gases (CO, CH 4, NH 3, NO x, SO 2, NMVOCs), carbonaceous aerosols (black carbon – BC, and organic carbon – OC), and CO 2 developed with the Community Emissions Data System (CEDS). We improve upon existing inventories with a more consistent and reproducible methodology applied to all emission species, updated emission factors, and recent estimates through 2014. The data system relies on existing energy consumption data sets and regional and country-specific inventories to produce trends over recent decades. All emission species are consistently estimated using the same activity data over all time periods. Emissions are provided on an annual basis at the level of country and sector and gridded with monthly seasonality. These estimates are comparable to, but generally slightly higher than, existing global inventories. Emissions over the most recent years are more uncertain, particularly in low- and middle-income regions where country-specific emission inventories are less available. Future work will involve refining and updating these emission estimates, estimating emissions' uncertainty, and publication of the system as open-source software.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [5] ;  [1] ;  [6] ;  [7] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [8] ;  [9] ;  [6] ;  [10] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [9]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), College Park, MD (United States)
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), College Park, MD (United States); Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
  3. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg (Austria)
  4. European Commission, Ispra (Italy)
  5. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  6. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States)
  7. Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Buenos Aires (Argentina)
  8. Japan Environmental Sanitation Center, Niigata (Japan)
  9. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
  10. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-123932
Journal ID: ISSN 1991-9603; KP1703020
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; NNH15AZ64I; AC05-76RLO1830; AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geoscientific Model Development (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Geoscientific Model Development (Online); Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1991-9603
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23). Climate and Environmental Sciences Division; National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; CEDS; Historical Emissions; 97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING
OSTI Identifier:
1474478
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1421326; OSTI ID: 1482098

Hoesly, Rachel M., Smith, Steven J., Feng, Leyang, Klimont, Zbigniew, Janssens-Maenhout, Greet, Pitkanen, Tyler, Seibert, Jonathan J., Vu, Linh, Andres, Robert J., Bolt, Ryan M., Bond, Tami C., Dawidowski, Laura, Kholod, Nazar, Kurokawa, June-ichi, Li, Meng, Liu, Liang, Lu, Zifeng, Moura, Maria Cecilia P., O'Rourke, Patrick R., and Zhang, Qiang. Historical (1750–2014) anthropogenic emissions of reactive gases and aerosols from the Community Emissions Data System (CEDS). United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.5194/gmd-11-369-2018.
Hoesly, Rachel M., Smith, Steven J., Feng, Leyang, Klimont, Zbigniew, Janssens-Maenhout, Greet, Pitkanen, Tyler, Seibert, Jonathan J., Vu, Linh, Andres, Robert J., Bolt, Ryan M., Bond, Tami C., Dawidowski, Laura, Kholod, Nazar, Kurokawa, June-ichi, Li, Meng, Liu, Liang, Lu, Zifeng, Moura, Maria Cecilia P., O'Rourke, Patrick R., & Zhang, Qiang. Historical (1750–2014) anthropogenic emissions of reactive gases and aerosols from the Community Emissions Data System (CEDS). United States. doi:10.5194/gmd-11-369-2018.
Hoesly, Rachel M., Smith, Steven J., Feng, Leyang, Klimont, Zbigniew, Janssens-Maenhout, Greet, Pitkanen, Tyler, Seibert, Jonathan J., Vu, Linh, Andres, Robert J., Bolt, Ryan M., Bond, Tami C., Dawidowski, Laura, Kholod, Nazar, Kurokawa, June-ichi, Li, Meng, Liu, Liang, Lu, Zifeng, Moura, Maria Cecilia P., O'Rourke, Patrick R., and Zhang, Qiang. 2018. "Historical (1750–2014) anthropogenic emissions of reactive gases and aerosols from the Community Emissions Data System (CEDS)". United States. doi:10.5194/gmd-11-369-2018. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1474478.
@article{osti_1474478,
title = {Historical (1750–2014) anthropogenic emissions of reactive gases and aerosols from the Community Emissions Data System (CEDS)},
author = {Hoesly, Rachel M. and Smith, Steven J. and Feng, Leyang and Klimont, Zbigniew and Janssens-Maenhout, Greet and Pitkanen, Tyler and Seibert, Jonathan J. and Vu, Linh and Andres, Robert J. and Bolt, Ryan M. and Bond, Tami C. and Dawidowski, Laura and Kholod, Nazar and Kurokawa, June-ichi and Li, Meng and Liu, Liang and Lu, Zifeng and Moura, Maria Cecilia P. and O'Rourke, Patrick R. and Zhang, Qiang},
abstractNote = {Here, we present a new data set of annual historical (1750–2014) anthropogenic chemically reactive gases (CO, CH4, NH3, NOx, SO2, NMVOCs), carbonaceous aerosols (black carbon – BC, and organic carbon – OC), and CO2 developed with the Community Emissions Data System (CEDS). We improve upon existing inventories with a more consistent and reproducible methodology applied to all emission species, updated emission factors, and recent estimates through 2014. The data system relies on existing energy consumption data sets and regional and country-specific inventories to produce trends over recent decades. All emission species are consistently estimated using the same activity data over all time periods. Emissions are provided on an annual basis at the level of country and sector and gridded with monthly seasonality. These estimates are comparable to, but generally slightly higher than, existing global inventories. Emissions over the most recent years are more uncertain, particularly in low- and middle-income regions where country-specific emission inventories are less available. Future work will involve refining and updating these emission estimates, estimating emissions' uncertainty, and publication of the system as open-source software.},
doi = {10.5194/gmd-11-369-2018},
journal = {Geoscientific Model Development (Online)},
number = 1,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}