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Title: An alternative separation procedure for 90Sr age dating using DGA Resin

Abstract

The likelihood of an attack by a terrorist organization using a radiological dispersal device (RDD) is much higher than that of an attack with an improvised nuclear device or true nuclear weapon, as much less technical expertise is required to build an RDD. Consequently, there has been an effort to develop methods for age-dating radiological sealed sources in recent years. One such procedure, described by Steeb et al., is used for determining the age of 90Sr sources. That procedure utilized a rather expensive extraction chromatography resin and was based on an uncommon apparatus with limited sample capacity for the separation step. The procedure also left the Zr fraction contaminated with the radioactive 90Y daughter nuclide. This work investigates using an alternative separation scheme that utilizes a less costly resin in a widely available column configuration and results in the isolation of 90Sr's stable granddaughter, 90Zr, without 90Y contamination. This allows the zirconium quantification to be done with a mass spectrometer outside the radiological environment and increases the number of instruments capable of making the measurement, which could allow measurements to be made more quickly.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; US Dept. of Homeland Security (DHS)
OSTI Identifier:
1474416
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; HSHQDN-16-X-00011
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 317; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0236-5731
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; Extraction chromatography; 90Sr; RDD; Age dating; Diglycolamide resin; Nuclear forensics

Citation Formats

McLain, Derek R., Tsai, Yifen, Graczyk, Donald G., Canaday, Jodi L., and Steeb, Jennifer L. An alternative separation procedure for 90Sr age dating using DGA Resin. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/s10967-018-6057-0.
McLain, Derek R., Tsai, Yifen, Graczyk, Donald G., Canaday, Jodi L., & Steeb, Jennifer L. An alternative separation procedure for 90Sr age dating using DGA Resin. United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-018-6057-0.
McLain, Derek R., Tsai, Yifen, Graczyk, Donald G., Canaday, Jodi L., and Steeb, Jennifer L. Sat . "An alternative separation procedure for 90Sr age dating using DGA Resin". United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-018-6057-0. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1474416.
@article{osti_1474416,
title = {An alternative separation procedure for 90Sr age dating using DGA Resin},
author = {McLain, Derek R. and Tsai, Yifen and Graczyk, Donald G. and Canaday, Jodi L. and Steeb, Jennifer L.},
abstractNote = {The likelihood of an attack by a terrorist organization using a radiological dispersal device (RDD) is much higher than that of an attack with an improvised nuclear device or true nuclear weapon, as much less technical expertise is required to build an RDD. Consequently, there has been an effort to develop methods for age-dating radiological sealed sources in recent years. One such procedure, described by Steeb et al., is used for determining the age of 90Sr sources. That procedure utilized a rather expensive extraction chromatography resin and was based on an uncommon apparatus with limited sample capacity for the separation step. The procedure also left the Zr fraction contaminated with the radioactive 90Y daughter nuclide. This work investigates using an alternative separation scheme that utilizes a less costly resin in a widely available column configuration and results in the isolation of 90Sr's stable granddaughter, 90Zr, without 90Y contamination. This allows the zirconium quantification to be done with a mass spectrometer outside the radiological environment and increases the number of instruments capable of making the measurement, which could allow measurements to be made more quickly.},
doi = {10.1007/s10967-018-6057-0},
journal = {Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry},
number = 3,
volume = 317,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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