skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Room-Temperature Phototransistor with Negative Photoresponsivity of 108 A W-1 Using Fullerene-Sensitized Aligned Carbon Nanotubes

Abstract

Detection of low intensity light down to a few photons requires photodetectors with high gain. In this paper, a new photodetector is reported based on C60-sensitized aligned carbon nanotube (CNT) transistors with an extremely high responsivity of 108 A W-1 (gain > 108) in the ultraviolet and visible range, and 720 A W-1 (gain = 940) in the infrared range. In contrast to most sensitized phototransistors that operate on the photogating effect, the new photodetector operates on the modulation of the electrons scattering in the CNTs, leading to negative photoconductivity. Comparison with similar photodetectors using random CNT networks shows the benefit of using aligned CNTs. Finally, at room temperature, the aligned CNT photodetectors are demonstrated to detect a few tens of photons per CNT.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1474080
Report Number(s):
SAND-2018-10184J
Journal ID: ISSN 1613-6810; 667943
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0003525
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Small
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 42; Journal ID: ISSN 1613-6810
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; carbon nanotube; fullerene; gain; photodetector

Citation Formats

Bergemann, Kevin, and Léonard, François. Room-Temperature Phototransistor with Negative Photoresponsivity of 108 A W-1 Using Fullerene-Sensitized Aligned Carbon Nanotubes. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/smll.201802806.
Bergemann, Kevin, & Léonard, François. Room-Temperature Phototransistor with Negative Photoresponsivity of 108 A W-1 Using Fullerene-Sensitized Aligned Carbon Nanotubes. United States. doi:10.1002/smll.201802806.
Bergemann, Kevin, and Léonard, François. Mon . "Room-Temperature Phototransistor with Negative Photoresponsivity of 108 A W-1 Using Fullerene-Sensitized Aligned Carbon Nanotubes". United States. doi:10.1002/smll.201802806. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1474080.
@article{osti_1474080,
title = {Room-Temperature Phototransistor with Negative Photoresponsivity of 108 A W-1 Using Fullerene-Sensitized Aligned Carbon Nanotubes},
author = {Bergemann, Kevin and Léonard, François},
abstractNote = {Detection of low intensity light down to a few photons requires photodetectors with high gain. In this paper, a new photodetector is reported based on C60-sensitized aligned carbon nanotube (CNT) transistors with an extremely high responsivity of 108 A W-1 (gain > 108) in the ultraviolet and visible range, and 720 A W-1 (gain = 940) in the infrared range. In contrast to most sensitized phototransistors that operate on the photogating effect, the new photodetector operates on the modulation of the electrons scattering in the CNTs, leading to negative photoconductivity. Comparison with similar photodetectors using random CNT networks shows the benefit of using aligned CNTs. Finally, at room temperature, the aligned CNT photodetectors are demonstrated to detect a few tens of photons per CNT.},
doi = {10.1002/smll.201802806},
journal = {Small},
number = 42,
volume = 14,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: AFM of a 500 nm aligned CNT array device. Device channel is in the middle of the image with contacts on left and right. Inset: Schematic of device structure.

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Noise in carbon nanotube field effect transistor
journal, August 2006

  • Liu, Fei; Wang, Kang L.; Zhang, Daihua
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 89, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2335777

Achieving High Mid-IR Bolometric Responsivity for Anisotropic Composite Materials from Carbon Nanotubes and Polymers
journal, February 2012

  • Glamazda, Alexander Y.; Karachevtsev, Victor. A.; Euler, William B.
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 22, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201102597

Bioinspired Detection of Light Using a Porphyrin-Sensitized Single-Wall Nanotube Field Effect Transistor
journal, September 2006

  • Hecht, David S.; Ramirez, Robert J. A.; Briman, Mikhail
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 6, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl061231s

High performance transistors via aligned polyfluorene-sorted carbon nanotubes
journal, February 2014

  • Brady, Gerald J.; Joo, Yongho; Singha Roy, Susmit
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, Issue 8, Article No. 083107
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4866577

Functionalization of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes with Chromophores of Opposite Internal Dipole Orientation
journal, September 2013

  • Zhao, Yuanchun; Huang, Changshui; Kim, Myungwoong
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 5, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1021/am4024753

Single walled carbon nanotube/Si heterojunctions for high responsivity photodetectors
journal, September 2017


Probing the Diameter Limit of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes in SWCNT: Fullerene Solar Cells
journal, August 2016

  • Pfohl, Moritz; Glaser, Konstantin; Graf, Arko
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201600890

Adsorption and desorption of oxygen probed from ZnO nanowire films by photocurrent measurements
journal, March 2005

  • Li, Q. H.; Gao, T.; Wang, Y. G.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 86, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1883711

Uncooled Carbon Nanotube Photodetectors
journal, July 2015

  • He, Xiaowei; Léonard, François; Kono, Junichiro
  • Advanced Optical Materials, Vol. 3, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/adom.201500237

Carbon Nanotube Terahertz Detector
journal, June 2014

  • He, Xiaowei; Fujimura, Naoki; Lloyd, J. Meagan
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl5012678

Optically Modulated Conduction in Chromophore-Functionalized Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes
journal, February 2007


1∕f noise in single-walled carbon nanotube devices
journal, November 2004

  • Snow, E. S.; Novak, J. P.; Lay, M. D.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 85, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1812838

Toward Large Arrays of Multiplex Functionalized Carbon Nanotube Sensors for Highly Sensitive and Selective Molecular Detection
journal, March 2003

  • Qi, Pengfei; Vermesh, Ophir; Grecu, Mihai
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 3, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl034010k

Fundamental limits to single-photon detection determined by quantum coherence and backaction
journal, March 2018


Significant Enhancement of Infrared Photodetector Sensitivity Using a Semiconducting Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube/C 60 Phototransistor
journal, December 2014


Efficiently Harvesting Excitons from Electronic Type-Controlled Semiconducting Carbon Nanotube Films
journal, February 2011

  • Bindl, Dominick J.; Wu, Meng-Yin; Prehn, Frederick C.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 11, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl1031343

External Quantum Efficiency Above 100% in a Singlet-Exciton-Fission-Based Organic Photovoltaic Cell
journal, April 2013


Quasi-ballistic carbon nanotube array transistors with current density exceeding Si and GaAs
journal, September 2016

  • Brady, Gerald J.; Way, Austin J.; Safron, Nathaniel S.
  • Science Advances, Vol. 2, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1601240

Effects of oxygen on the electron transport properties of carbon nanotubes: Ultraviolet desorption and thermally induced processes
journal, May 2005


Photoinduced oxygen release and persistent photoconductivity in ZnO nanowires
journal, January 2011


Photoinduced conductivity changes in carbon nanotube transistors
journal, October 2003

  • Shim, Moonsub; Siddons, Giles P.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 83, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1622450

Single-ion adsorption and switching in carbon nanotubes
journal, January 2016

  • Bushmaker, Adam W.; Oklejas, Vanessa; Walker, Don
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10475

Directing and Sensing Changes in Molecular Conformation on Individual Carbon Nanotube Field Effect Transistors
journal, November 2005

  • Guo, Xuefeng; Huang, Limin; O'Brien, Stephen
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 127, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja054335y

Broad Spectral Response Using Carbon Nanotube/Organic Semiconductor/C 60 Photodetectors
journal, September 2009

  • Arnold, Michael S.; Zimmerman, Jeramy D.; Renshaw, Christopher K.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 9, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl901637u

Influence of defects on nanotube transistor performance
journal, June 2006

  • Neophytou, Neophytos; Kienle, Diego; Polizzi, Eric
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 88, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2211932

High-Sensitivity Bolometers from Self-Oriented Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Composites
journal, June 2011

  • Vera-Reveles, Gustavo; Simmons, Trevor J.; Bravo-Sánchez, Mariela
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 3, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/am2007036

Random-Telegraph-Signal Noise and Device Variability in Ballistic Nanotube Transistors
journal, April 2007

  • Wang, Neng-Ping; Heinze, S.; Tersoff, J.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 7, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl062742h

The Role of the Oxygen/Water Redox Couple in Suppressing Electron Conduction in Field-Effect Transistors
journal, August 2009

  • Aguirre, Carla M.; Levesque, Pierre L.; Paillet, Matthieu
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 21, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.200900550

Hybrid 2D-0D MoS 2 -PbS Quantum Dot Photodetectors
journal, November 2014

  • Kufer, Dominik; Nikitskiy, Ivan; Lasanta, Tania
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 27, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201402471

Electronically interacting single wall carbon nanotube–porphyrin nanohybrids
journal, January 2006

  • Rahman, G. M. Aminur; Guldi, Dirk M.; Campidelli, Stéphane
  • J. Mater. Chem., Vol. 16, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/B515394H

Color Detection Using Chromophore-Nanotube Hybrid Devices
journal, March 2009

  • Zhou, Xinjian; Zifer, Thomas; Wong, Bryan M.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 9, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl8032922

Crosstalk between nanotube devices: contact and channel effects
journal, April 2006


Charge-injection-induced dynamic screening and origin of hysteresis in field-modulated transport in single-wall carbon nanotubes
journal, October 2006

  • Vijayaraghavan, Aravind; Kar, Swastik; Soldano, Caterina
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 89, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2362586

Singlets lead to photogeneration in C 60 -based organic heterojunctions
journal, July 2015


Properties of short channel ballistic carbon nanotube transistors with ohmic contacts
journal, August 2006


Photothermovoltaic effect in carbon nanotubes: En route toward junctionless infrared photocells and light sensors
journal, June 2011

  • Omari, M.; Kouklin, N. A.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 98, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3597410

Dissociating Excitons Photogenerated in Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes at Polymeric Photovoltaic Heterojunction Interfaces
journal, October 2010

  • Bindl, Dominick J.; Safron, Nathaniel S.; Arnold, Michael S.
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 4, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn1012397

Hysteresis Caused by Water Molecules in Carbon Nanotube Field-Effect Transistors
journal, February 2003

  • Kim, Woong; Javey, Ali; Vermesh, Ophir
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 3, Issue 2, p. 193-198
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl0259232

Polyfluorene-Sorted, Carbon Nanotube Array Field-Effect Transistors with Increased Current Density and High On/Off Ratio
journal, November 2014

  • Brady, Gerald J.; Joo, Yongho; Wu, Meng-Yin
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 8, Issue 11, p. 11614-11621
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn5048734

Dose-Controlled, Floating Evaporative Self-assembly and Alignment of Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes from Organic Solvents
journal, March 2014

  • Joo, Yongho; Brady, Gerald J.; Arnold, Michael S.
  • Langmuir, Vol. 30, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/la500162x

1/f noise in carbon nanotubes
journal, February 2000

  • Collins, Philip G.; Fuhrer, M. S.; Zettl, A.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 76, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.125621

Label-free single-molecule detection of DNA-hybridization kinetics with a carbon nanotube field-effect transistor
journal, January 2011

  • Sorgenfrei, Sebastian; Chiu, Chien-yang; Gonzalez, Ruben L.
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 6, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2010.275

Contact resistance between carbon nanotubes
journal, April 2001