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Title: Multimessenger observations of a flaring blazar coincident with high-energy neutrino IceCube-170922A

Abstract

Previous detections of individual astrophysical sources of neutrinos are limited to the Sun and the supernova 1987A, whereas the origins of the diffuse flux of high-energy cosmic neutrinos remain unidentified. On 22 September 2017, we detected a high-energy neutrino, IceCube-170922A, with an energy of ~290 tera–electron volts. Its arrival direction was consistent with the location of a known γ-ray blazar, TXS 0506+056, observed to be in a flaring state. An extensive multiwavelength campaign followed, ranging from radio frequencies to γ-rays. These observations characterize the variability and energetics of the blazar and include the detection of TXS 0506+056 in very-high-energy γ-rays. This observation of a neutrino in spatial coincidence with a γ-ray–emitting blazar during an active phase suggests that blazars may be a source of high-energy neutrinos.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP); USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program; USDOE Office of Science (SC). High Energy Physics (HEP)
Contributing Org.:
The IceCube Collaboration; Fermi-LAT; MAGIC; AGILE; ASAS-SN; HAWC; H.E.S.S.; INTEGRAL; Kanata; Kiso; Kapteyn; Liverpool Telescope; Subaru; Swift/NuSTAR; VERITAS; VLA/17B-403 teams
OSTI Identifier:
1473983
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1532330; OSTI ID: 1673364
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-29828
Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; AC02-05CH11231; 89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 361; Journal Issue: 6398; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Publisher:
AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Atomic, Nuclear and Particle Physics; Astronomy and Astrophysics

Citation Formats

Aartsen, Mark, Ackermann, Markus, Adams, Jenni, Aguilar, Juan Antonio, Ahlers, Markus, Ahrens, Maryon, Al Samarai, Imen, Altmann, David, Andeen, Karen, Anderson, Tyler, Ansseau, Isabelle, Anton, Gisela, Argüelles, Carlos, Auffenberg, Jan, Axani, Spencer, Bagherpour, Hadis, Bai, Xinhua, Barron, Jared, Barwick, Steve, Baum, Volker, Bay, Ryan, Beatty, James, Becker, Karl Heinz, Tjus, Julia, BenZvi, Segev, Berley, David, Bernardini, Elisa, Besson, David, Binder, Gary, Bindig, Daniel, Blaufuss, Erik, Blot, Summer, Bohm, Christian, Boerner, Mathis, Bos, Fabian, Boeser, Sebastian, Botner, Olga, Bourbeau, Etienne, Bourbeau, James, Bradascio, Federica, Braun, Jim, Brenzke, Martin, Bretz, Hans-Peter, Bron, Stephanie, Brostean-Kaiser, Jannes, Burgman, Alexander, Busse, Raffaela, Carver, Tessa, Cheng, Edward, Chirkin, Dmitry, Christov, Asen, Clark, Ken, Classen, Lew, Coenders, S., Collin, Gabriel, Conrad, Janet, Coppin, Paul, Correa, Pablo, Cowen, Doug, Cross, Robert, Dave, Pranav, Day, Melanie, de Andre, Joao M., De Clercq, Catherine, Delaunay, James, Dembinski, Hans, DeRidder, Sam, Desiati, Paolo, de Vries, Krijn, DeWasseige, Gwenhael, DeWith, Meike, DeYoung, Ty, Díaz-Vélez, Juan Carlos, Di Lorenzo, Vincenzo, Dujmovic, Hrvoje, Dumm, Jonathan, Dunkman, Matt, Dvorak, Emily, Eberhardt, Benjamin, Ehrhardt, Thomas, Eichmann, Bjorn, Eller, Philipp, Evenson, Paul, Fahey, Sam, Fazely, Ali, Felde, John, Filimonov, Kirill, Finley, Chad, Flis, Samuel, Franckowiak, Anna, Friedman, Elizabeth, Fritz, Alexander, Gaisser, Tom, Gallagher, Jay, Gerhardt, Lisa, Ghorbani, Kevin, Glauch, Theo, Gluesenkamp, Thorsten, Goldschmidt, Azriel, Gonzalez, Javier, Grant, Darren, Griffith, Zachary, Haack, Christian, Hallgren, Allan, Halzen, Francis, Hanson, Kael, Hebecker, Dustin, Heereman, David, Helbing, Klaus, Hellauer, Robert, Hickford, Stephanie, Hignight, Joshua, Hill, Gary, Hoffman, Kara, Hoffmann, Ruth, Hoinka, Tobias, Hokanson-Fasig, Benjamin, Hoshina, Kotoyo, Huang, Feifei, Huber, Matthias, Hultqvist, Klas, Huennefeld, Mirco, Hussain, Raamis, In, Seongjin, Iovine, Nadège, Ishihara, Aya, Jacobi, Emanuel, Japaridze, George, Jeong, Minjin, Jero, Kyle, Jones, Benjamin, Kalaczynski, Piotr, Kang, Woosik, Kappes, Alexander, Kappesser, David, Karg, Timo, Karle, Albrecht, Katz, Uli, Kauer, Matt, Keivani, Azadeh, Kelley, John, Kheirandish, Ali, Kim, JongHyun, Kim, Myoungchul, Kintscher, Thomas, Kiryluk, Joanna, Kittler, Thomas, Klein, Spencer, Koirala, Ramesh, Kolanoski, Hermann, Koepke, Lutz, Kopper, Claudio, Kopper, Sandro, Koschinsky, Jan Paul, Koskinen, Jason, Kowalski, Marek, Krings, Kai, Kroll, Mike, Krueckl, Gerald, Kunwar, Samridha, Kurahashi Neilson, Naoko, Kuwabara, Takao, Kyriacou, Alexander, Labare, Mathieu, Lanfranchi, Justin, Larson, Michael, Lauber, Frederik, Leonard, Kayla, Lesiak-Bzdak, Mariola, Leuermann, Martin, Liu, Qinrui, Lozano Mariscal, Cristian Jesús, Lu, Lu, Luenemann, Jan, Luszczak, William, Madsen, James, Maggi, Giuliano, Mahn, Kendall, Mancina, Sarah, Maruyama, Reina, Mase, Keiichi, Maunu, Ryan, Meagher, Kevin, Medici, Morten, Meier, Maximilian, Menne, Thorben, Merino, Gonzalo, Meures, Thomas, Miarecki, Sandy, Micallef, Jessie, Momente, Giulio, Montaruli, Teresa, Moore, Roger, Morse, Robert, Moulai, Marjon, Nahnhauer, Rolf, Nakarmi, Prabandha, Naumann, Uwe, Neer, Garrett, Niederhausen, Hans, Nowicki, Sarah, Nygren, Dave, Pollmann, Anna, Olivas, Alex, Murchadha, Aongus Ó., O'Sullivan, Erin, Palczewski, Tomasz, Pandya, Hershal, Pankova, Daria, Peiffer, Peter, Pepper, James, de los Heros, Carlos, Pieloth, Damian, Pinat, Elisa, Plum, Matthias, Price, Buford, Przybylski, Gerald, Raab, Christoph, Raedel, Leif, Rameez, Mohamed, Rauch, Ludwig, Rawlins, Katherine, Rea, Immacolata Carmen, Reimann, Rene, Relethford, Ben, Relich, Matt, Resconi, Elisa, Rhode, Wolfgang, Richman, Mike, Robertson, Sally, Rongen, Martin, Rott, Carsten, Ruhe, Tim, Ryckbosch, Dirk, Rysewyk, Devyn, Safa, Ibrahim, Saelzer, Tobias, Sanchez, Sebastian, Sandrock, 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Sander, van Santen, Jakob, Vogel, Eric, Vraeghe, Matthias, Walck, Christian, Wallace, Alexander, Wallraff, Marius, Wandler, Frank, Wandkowsky, Nancy, Waza, Aatif, Weaver, Chris, Weiss, Matthew, Wendt, Chris, Werthebach, Johannes, Westerhoff, Stefan, Whelan, Ben, Whitehorn, Nathan, Wiebe, Klaus, Wiebusch, Christopher, Wille, Logan, Williams, Dawn, Wills, Lizz, Wolf, Martin, Wood, Joshua, Wood, Tania, Woschnagg, Kurt, Xu, Donglian, Xu, Xianwu, Xu, Yiqian, Yanez, Juan Pablo, Yodh, Gaurang, Yoshida, Shigeru, Yuan, Tianlu, Abdollahi, Soheila, Ajello, Marco, Angioni, Roberto, Baldini, Luca, Ballet, Jean, Barbiellini, Guido, Bastieri, Denis, Bechtol, Keith, Bellazzini, Ronaldo, Berenji, Bijan, Bissaldi, Elisabetta, Blandford, Roger, Bonino, Raffaella, Bottacini, Eugenio, Bregeon, Johan, Bruel, Philippe, Büehler, Rolf, Burnett, Toby, Burns, Eric, Buson, Sara, Cameron, Rob, Caputo, Regina, Caraveo, Patrizia A., Cavazzuti, Elisabetta, Charles, Eric, Chen, Sina, Cheung, Teddy, Chiang, James, Chiaro, Graziano, Ciprini, Stefano, Cohen-Tanugi, Johann, Conrad, Jan, Costantin, Denise, Cutini, Sara, D'Ammando, Filippo, de Palma, Francesco, Digel, Seth, Di Lalla, Niccolò, Di Mauro, Mattia, Di Venere, Leonardo, Domínguez, Alberto, Favuzzi, Cecilia, Franckowiak, Anna, Fukazawa, Yasushi, Funk, Stefan, Fusco, Piergiorgio, Gargano, Fabio, Gasparrini, Dario, Giglietto, Nico, Giomi, Matteo, Giommi, Paolo, Giordano, Francesco, Giroletti, Marcello, Glanzman, Thomas, Green, David, Grenier, Isabelle, Grondin, Marie-Hélène, Guiriec, Sylvain, Harding, Alice, Hayashida, Masaaki, Hays, Liz, Hewitt, John, Horan, Deirdre, Jóhannesson, Guölaugur, Kadler, Matthias, Kensei, Shiki, Kocevski, Daniel, Krauss, Felicia, Kreter, Michael, Kuss, Michael, La Mura, Giovanni, Larsson, Stefan, Latronico, Luca, Lemoine-Goumard, Marianne, Li, Jian, Longo, Francesco, Loparco, Francesco, Lovellette, Michael, Lubrano, Pasquale, Magill, Jeffrey, Maldera, Simone, Malyshev, Dmitry, Manfreda, Alberto, Mazziotta, Mario 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Piergiorgio, Pilia, Maura, Rappoldi, Andrea, Trois, Alessio, Vercellone, Stefano, Vittorini, Valerio, Albert, Andrea, Alfaro, Ruben, Álvarez, César, Arceo, Roberto, Arteaga Velázquez, Juan Carlos, Avila Rojas, Daniel Omar, Ayala Solares, Hugo Alberto, Becerril, Ana Delia, Belmont-Moreno, Ernesto, Bernal, Abel, Caballero Mora, Karen S., Capistrán Rojas, Tomás, Carramiñana, Alberto, Casanova, Sabrina, Castillo Maldonado, Mario Alberto, Cotti, Umberto, Cotzomi, Jorge, Coutiño de León, Sara, De León Acuña, Cederik León, De la Fuente, Eduardo, Hernandez, Raquel Diaz, Dichiara, Simone, Dingus, Brenda, DuVernois, Michael, Díaz Velez, Juan Carlos, Ellsworth, Robert, Engel, Kristi, Fiorino, Daniel W., Fleischhack, Henrike, Fraija, Nissim Illich, García González, José Andrés, Garfias, Fernando, González, Maria Magdalena, Muñoz, Adiv González, Goodman, Jordan A., Hampel-Arias, Zigfried, Harding, J. 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Bradley, Evans, Philip, Fox, Derek, Kennea, Jamie, Marshall, Francis, Osborne, Julian, Tohuvavohu, Aaron, Turley, Colin, Cowen, Douglas, DeLaunay, James, Keivani, Azadeh, Santander, Marcos, Abeysekara, Anushka, Archer, Avery, Benbow, Wystan, Bird, Ralph, Brill, Aryeh, Brose, Robert, Buchovecky, Matthew, Buckley, James, Bugaev, Viatcheslav, Christiansen, Jodi, Connolly, Michael, Cui, Wei, Daniel, Michael, Errando, Manel, Falcone, Abraham, Feng, Qi, Finley, John, Fortson, Lucy, Furniss, Amy, Gueta, Orel, Hütten, Moritz, Hervet, Olivier, Hughes, Gareth, Humensky, Thomas, Johnson, Caitlin, Kaaret, Philip, Kar, Payel, Kelley-Hoskins, Nathan, Kertzman, Mary, Kieda, David, Krause, Maria, Krennrich, Frank, Kumar, Sajan, Lang, Mark, Lin, Tony, Maier, Gernot, McArthur, Steven, Moriarty, Patrick, Mukherjee, Reshmi, Nieto, Daniel, O'Brien, Stephen, Ong, Rene, Otte, Adam, Park, Nahee, Petrashyk, Andriy, Pohl, Martin, Popkow, Alexis, Pueschel, Elisa, Quinn, John, Ragan, Kenneth, Reynolds, Paul, Richards, Gregory, Roache, Emmet, Rulten, Cameron, Sadeh, Iftach, Santander, Marcos, Scott, Skyler, Sembroski, Glenn, Shahinyan, Karlen, Sushch, Iurii, Trépanier, Samuel, Tyler, Jonathan, Vassiliev, Vladimir, Wakely, Scott, Weinstein, Amanda, Wells, Rita, Wilcox, Patrick, Wilhelm, Alina, Williams, David, Zitzer, Benjamin, Tetarenko, Alexandra, Kimball, Amy, Miller-Jones, James, and Sivakoff, Gregory. Multimessenger observations of a flaring blazar coincident with high-energy neutrino IceCube-170922A. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1126/science.aat1378.
Aartsen, Mark, Ackermann, Markus, Adams, Jenni, Aguilar, Juan Antonio, Ahlers, Markus, Ahrens, Maryon, Al Samarai, Imen, Altmann, David, Andeen, Karen, Anderson, Tyler, Ansseau, Isabelle, Anton, Gisela, Argüelles, Carlos, Auffenberg, Jan, Axani, Spencer, Bagherpour, Hadis, Bai, Xinhua, Barron, Jared, Barwick, Steve, Baum, Volker, Bay, Ryan, Beatty, James, Becker, Karl Heinz, Tjus, Julia, BenZvi, Segev, Berley, David, Bernardini, Elisa, Besson, David, Binder, Gary, Bindig, Daniel, Blaufuss, Erik, Blot, Summer, Bohm, Christian, Boerner, Mathis, Bos, Fabian, Boeser, Sebastian, Botner, Olga, Bourbeau, Etienne, Bourbeau, James, Bradascio, Federica, Braun, Jim, Brenzke, Martin, Bretz, Hans-Peter, Bron, Stephanie, Brostean-Kaiser, Jannes, Burgman, Alexander, Busse, Raffaela, Carver, Tessa, Cheng, Edward, Chirkin, Dmitry, Christov, Asen, Clark, Ken, Classen, Lew, Coenders, S., Collin, Gabriel, Conrad, Janet, Coppin, Paul, Correa, Pablo, Cowen, Doug, Cross, Robert, Dave, Pranav, Day, Melanie, de Andre, Joao M., De Clercq, Catherine, Delaunay, James, Dembinski, Hans, DeRidder, Sam, Desiati, Paolo, de Vries, Krijn, DeWasseige, Gwenhael, DeWith, Meike, DeYoung, Ty, Díaz-Vélez, Juan Carlos, Di Lorenzo, Vincenzo, Dujmovic, Hrvoje, Dumm, Jonathan, Dunkman, Matt, Dvorak, Emily, Eberhardt, Benjamin, Ehrhardt, Thomas, Eichmann, Bjorn, Eller, Philipp, Evenson, Paul, Fahey, Sam, Fazely, Ali, Felde, John, Filimonov, Kirill, Finley, Chad, Flis, Samuel, Franckowiak, Anna, Friedman, Elizabeth, Fritz, Alexander, Gaisser, Tom, Gallagher, Jay, Gerhardt, Lisa, Ghorbani, Kevin, Glauch, Theo, Gluesenkamp, Thorsten, Goldschmidt, Azriel, Gonzalez, Javier, Grant, Darren, Griffith, Zachary, Haack, Christian, Hallgren, Allan, Halzen, Francis, Hanson, Kael, Hebecker, Dustin, Heereman, David, Helbing, Klaus, Hellauer, Robert, Hickford, Stephanie, Hignight, Joshua, Hill, Gary, Hoffman, Kara, Hoffmann, Ruth, Hoinka, Tobias, Hokanson-Fasig, Benjamin, Hoshina, Kotoyo, Huang, Feifei, Huber, Matthias, Hultqvist, Klas, Huennefeld, Mirco, Hussain, Raamis, In, Seongjin, Iovine, Nadège, Ishihara, Aya, Jacobi, Emanuel, Japaridze, George, Jeong, Minjin, Jero, Kyle, Jones, Benjamin, Kalaczynski, Piotr, Kang, Woosik, Kappes, Alexander, Kappesser, David, Karg, Timo, Karle, Albrecht, Katz, Uli, Kauer, Matt, Keivani, Azadeh, Kelley, John, Kheirandish, Ali, Kim, JongHyun, Kim, Myoungchul, Kintscher, Thomas, Kiryluk, Joanna, Kittler, Thomas, Klein, Spencer, Koirala, Ramesh, Kolanoski, Hermann, Koepke, Lutz, Kopper, Claudio, Kopper, Sandro, Koschinsky, Jan Paul, Koskinen, Jason, Kowalski, Marek, Krings, Kai, Kroll, Mike, Krueckl, Gerald, Kunwar, Samridha, Kurahashi Neilson, Naoko, Kuwabara, Takao, Kyriacou, Alexander, Labare, Mathieu, Lanfranchi, Justin, Larson, Michael, Lauber, Frederik, Leonard, Kayla, Lesiak-Bzdak, Mariola, Leuermann, Martin, Liu, Qinrui, Lozano Mariscal, Cristian Jesús, Lu, Lu, Luenemann, Jan, Luszczak, William, Madsen, James, Maggi, Giuliano, Mahn, Kendall, Mancina, Sarah, Maruyama, Reina, Mase, Keiichi, Maunu, Ryan, Meagher, Kevin, Medici, Morten, Meier, Maximilian, Menne, Thorben, Merino, Gonzalo, Meures, Thomas, Miarecki, Sandy, Micallef, Jessie, Momente, Giulio, Montaruli, Teresa, Moore, Roger, Morse, Robert, Moulai, Marjon, Nahnhauer, Rolf, Nakarmi, Prabandha, Naumann, Uwe, Neer, Garrett, Niederhausen, Hans, Nowicki, Sarah, Nygren, Dave, Pollmann, Anna, Olivas, Alex, Murchadha, Aongus Ó., O'Sullivan, Erin, Palczewski, Tomasz, Pandya, Hershal, Pankova, Daria, Peiffer, Peter, Pepper, James, de los Heros, Carlos, Pieloth, Damian, Pinat, Elisa, Plum, Matthias, Price, Buford, Przybylski, Gerald, Raab, Christoph, Raedel, Leif, Rameez, Mohamed, Rauch, Ludwig, Rawlins, Katherine, Rea, Immacolata Carmen, Reimann, Rene, Relethford, Ben, Relich, Matt, Resconi, Elisa, Rhode, Wolfgang, Richman, Mike, Robertson, Sally, Rongen, Martin, Rott, Carsten, Ruhe, Tim, Ryckbosch, Dirk, Rysewyk, Devyn, Safa, Ibrahim, Saelzer, Tobias, Sanchez, Sebastian, Sandrock, Alexander, Sandroos, Joakim, Santander, Marcos, Sarkar, Sourav, Sarkar, Subir, Satalecka, Konstancja, Schlunder, Philipp, Schmidt, Torsten, Schneider, Austin, Schoenen, Sebastian, Schoneberg, Sebastian, Schumacher, Lisa, Sclanfani, Stephen, Seckel, Dave, Seunarine, Suruj, Soedingrekso, Jan, Soldin, Dennis, Song, Ming, Spiczak, Glenn, Spiering, Christian, Stachurska, Juliana, Stamatikos, Michael, Stanev, Todor, Stasik, Alexander, Stein, Robert, Stettner, Joeran, Steuer, Anna, Stezelberger, Thorsten, Stokstad, Robert, Stoessl, Achim, Strotjohann, Nora Linn, Stuttard, Thomas, Sullivan, Greg, Sutherland, Michael, Taboada, Ignacio, Tatar, Joulien, Tenholt, Frederik, Ter-Antonyan, Samvel, Terliuk, Andrii, Tilav, Serap, Toale, Pat, Tobin, Moriah, Toennis, Christoph, Toscano, Simona, Tosi, Delia, Tselengidou, Maria, Tung, ChunFai, Turcati, Andrea, Turley, Colin, Ty, Bunheng, Unger, Lisa, Usner, Marcel, Van Driessche, Ward, Van Eijk, Daan, van Eijndhoven, Nick, Vandenbroucke, Justin, Vanheule, Sander, van Santen, Jakob, Vogel, Eric, Vraeghe, Matthias, Walck, Christian, Wallace, Alexander, Wallraff, Marius, Wandler, Frank, Wandkowsky, Nancy, Waza, Aatif, Weaver, Chris, Weiss, Matthew, Wendt, Chris, Werthebach, Johannes, Westerhoff, Stefan, Whelan, Ben, Whitehorn, Nathan, Wiebe, Klaus, Wiebusch, Christopher, Wille, Logan, Williams, Dawn, Wills, Lizz, Wolf, Martin, Wood, Joshua, Wood, Tania, Woschnagg, Kurt, Xu, Donglian, Xu, Xianwu, Xu, Yiqian, Yanez, Juan Pablo, Yodh, Gaurang, Yoshida, Shigeru, Yuan, Tianlu, Abdollahi, Soheila, Ajello, Marco, Angioni, Roberto, Baldini, Luca, Ballet, Jean, Barbiellini, Guido, Bastieri, Denis, Bechtol, Keith, Bellazzini, Ronaldo, Berenji, Bijan, Bissaldi, Elisabetta, Blandford, Roger, Bonino, Raffaella, Bottacini, Eugenio, Bregeon, Johan, Bruel, Philippe, Büehler, Rolf, Burnett, Toby, Burns, Eric, Buson, Sara, Cameron, Rob, Caputo, Regina, Caraveo, Patrizia A., Cavazzuti, Elisabetta, Charles, Eric, Chen, Sina, Cheung, Teddy, Chiang, James, Chiaro, Graziano, Ciprini, Stefano, Cohen-Tanugi, Johann, Conrad, Jan, Costantin, Denise, Cutini, Sara, D'Ammando, Filippo, de Palma, Francesco, Digel, Seth, Di Lalla, Niccolò, Di Mauro, Mattia, Di Venere, Leonardo, Domínguez, Alberto, Favuzzi, Cecilia, Franckowiak, Anna, Fukazawa, Yasushi, Funk, Stefan, Fusco, Piergiorgio, Gargano, Fabio, Gasparrini, Dario, Giglietto, Nico, Giomi, Matteo, Giommi, Paolo, Giordano, Francesco, Giroletti, Marcello, Glanzman, Thomas, Green, David, Grenier, Isabelle, Grondin, Marie-Hélène, Guiriec, Sylvain, Harding, Alice, Hayashida, Masaaki, Hays, Liz, Hewitt, John, Horan, Deirdre, Jóhannesson, Guölaugur, Kadler, Matthias, Kensei, Shiki, Kocevski, Daniel, Krauss, Felicia, Kreter, Michael, Kuss, Michael, La Mura, Giovanni, Larsson, Stefan, Latronico, Luca, Lemoine-Goumard, Marianne, Li, Jian, Longo, Francesco, Loparco, Francesco, Lovellette, Michael, Lubrano, Pasquale, Magill, Jeffrey, Maldera, Simone, Malyshev, Dmitry, Manfreda, Alberto, Mazziotta, Mario Nicola, McEnery, Julie, Meyer, Manuel, Michelson, Peter, Mizuno, Tsunefumi, Monzani, Maria Elena, Morselli, Aldo, Moskalenko, Igor, Negro, Michela, Nuss, Eric, Ojha, Roopesh, Omodei, Nicola, Orienti, Monica, Orlando, Elena, Palatiello, Michele, Paliya, Vaidehi, Perkins, Jeremy, Persic, Massimo, Pesce-Rollins, Melissa, Piron, Frederic, Porter, Troy, Principe, Giacomo, Rainò, Silvia, Rando, Riccardo, Rani, Bindu, Razzano, Massimiliano, Razzaque, Soebur, Reimer, Anita, Reimer, Olaf, Renault-Tinacci, Nicolas, Ritz, Steve, Rochester, Leon, Parkinson, Pablo Saz, Sgrò, Carmelo, Siskind, Eric J., Spandre, Gloria, Spinelli, Paolo, Suson, Dan, Tajima, Hiro, Takahashi, Mitsunari, Tanaka, Yasuyuki, Thayer, Jana, Thompson, David J., Tibaldo, Luigi, Torres, Diego F., Torresi, Eleonora, Tosti, Gino, Troja, Eleonora, Valverde, Janeth Verónica, Vianello, Giacomo, Vogel, Matthew, Wood, Kent, Wood, Matthew, Zaharijas, Gabrijela, Ahnen, Max Ludwig, Ansoldi, Stefano, Antonelli, Lucio Angelo, Arcaro, Cornelia, Baack, Dominik, Babić, Ana, Banerjee, Biswajit, Bangale, Priyadarshini, Barres de Almeida, Ulisses, Barrio, Juan Abel, González, Josefa Becerra, Bednarek, Wlodek, Bernardini, Elisa, Berti, Alessio, Bhattacharyya, Wrijupan, Biland, Adrian, Blanch, Oscar, Bonnoli, Giacomo, Carosi, Roberto, Carosi, Alessandro, Ceribella, Giovanni, Chatterjee, Anshu, Colak, Sidika Merve, Colin, Pierre, Colombo, Eduardo, Contreras, Jose Luis, Cortina, Juan, Covino, Stefano, Cumani, Paolo, Da Vela, Paolo, Dazzi, Francesco, De Angelis, Alessandro, De Lotto, Barbara, Delfino, Manuel, Delgado, Jordi, Di Pierro, Federico, Domínguez, Alberto, Dominis Prester, Dijana, Dorner, Daniela, Doro, Michele, Einecke, Sabrina, Elsaesser, Dominik, Fallah Ramazani, Vandad, Fernández-Barral, Alba, Fidalgo, David, Foffano, Luca, Pfrang, Konstantin, Fonseca, Maria Victoria, Font, Lluis, Fruck, Christian, Galindo, Daniel, Gallozzi, Stefano, García López, Ramon J., Garczarczyk, Markus, Gaug, Markus, Giammaria, Paola, Godinović, Nikola, Gora, Dariusz, Guberman, Daniel, Hadasch, Daniela, Hahn, Alexander, Hassan, Tarek, Hayashida, Masaaki, Herrera, Javier, Hose, Juergen, Hrupec, Dario, Inoue, Susumu, Ishio, Kazuma, Konno, Yusuke, Kubo, Hidetoshi, Kushida, Junko, Lelas, Damira, Lindfors, Elina, Lombardi, Saverio, Longo, Francesco, López, Marcos, Maggio, Camilla, Majumdar, Pratik, Makariev, Martin, Maneva, Galina, Manganaro, Marina, Mannheim, Karl, Maraschi, Laura, Mariotti, Mosé, Martínez, Manel, Masuda, Shu, Mazin, Daniel, Minev, Milen, Miranda, Jose Miguel, Mirzoyan, Razmik, Moralejo, Abelardo, Moreno, Victoria, Moretti, Elena, Nagayoshi, Tsutomu, Neustroev, Vitaly, Niedzwiecki, Andrzej, Nievas Rosillo, Mireia, Nigro, Cosimo, Nilsson, Kari, Ninci, Daniele, Nishijima, Kyoshi, Noda, Koji, Nogués, Leyre, Paiano, Simona, Palacio, Joaquim, Paneque, David, Paoletti, Riccardo, Paredes, Josep M., Pedaletti, Giovanna, Peresano, Michele, Persic, Massimo, Prada Moroni, Pier Giorgio, Prandini, Elisa, Puljak, Ivica, Rodriguez, Jezabel, Reichardt, Ignasi, Rhode, Wolfgang, Ribó, Marc, Rico, Javier, Righi, Chiara, Rugliancich, Andrea, Saito, Takayuki, Satalecka, Konstancja, Schweizer, Thomas, Sitarek, Julian, Šnidarić, Iva, Sobczynska, Dorota, Stamerra, Antonio, Strzys, Marcel, Surić, Tihomir, Takahashi, Mitsunari, Tavecchio, Fabrizio, Temnikov, Petar, Terzić, Tomislav, Teshima, Masahiro, Torres-Albà, Nuria, Treves, Aldo, Tsujimoto, Shimpei, Vanzo, Gaia, Vazquez Acosta, Monica, Vovk, Ievgen, Ward, John E., Will, Martin, Zarić, Darko, Franceschini, Alberto, Lucarelli, Fabrizio, Tavani, Marco, Piano, Giovanni, Donnarumma, Imma, Pittori, Carlotta, Verrecchia, Francesco, Barbiellini, Guido, Bulgarelli, Andrea, Caraveo, Patrizia, Cattaneo, Paolo Walter, Colafrancesco, Sergio, Costa, Enrico, Di Cocco, Guido, Ferrari, Attilio, Gianotti, Fulvio, Giuliani, Andrea, Lipari, Paolo, Mereghetti, Sandro, Morselli, Aldo, Pacciani, Luigi, Paoletti, Franco, Parmiggiani, Nicolò, Pellizzoni, Alberto, Picozza, Piergiorgio, Pilia, Maura, Rappoldi, Andrea, Trois, Alessio, Vercellone, Stefano, Vittorini, Valerio, Albert, Andrea, Alfaro, Ruben, Álvarez, César, Arceo, Roberto, Arteaga Velázquez, Juan Carlos, Avila Rojas, Daniel Omar, Ayala Solares, Hugo Alberto, Becerril, Ana Delia, Belmont-Moreno, Ernesto, Bernal, Abel, Caballero Mora, Karen S., Capistrán Rojas, Tomás, Carramiñana, Alberto, Casanova, Sabrina, Castillo Maldonado, Mario Alberto, Cotti, Umberto, Cotzomi, Jorge, Coutiño de León, Sara, De León Acuña, Cederik León, De la Fuente, Eduardo, Hernandez, Raquel Diaz, Dichiara, Simone, Dingus, Brenda, DuVernois, Michael, Díaz Velez, Juan Carlos, Ellsworth, Robert, Engel, Kristi, Fiorino, Daniel W., Fleischhack, Henrike, Fraija, Nissim Illich, García González, José Andrés, Garfias, Fernando, González, Maria Magdalena, Muñoz, Adiv González, Goodman, Jordan A., Hampel-Arias, Zigfried, Harding, J. Patrick, Cadena, Sergio Hernandez, Hona, Binita, Hueyotl-Zahuantitla, Filiberto, Hui, Michelle, Hüntemeyer, Petra, Iriarte, Arturo, Jardin-Blicq, Armelle, Joshi, Vikas, Kaufmann, Sarah, Kunde, Gerd J., Lara, Alejandro, Lauer, Robert, Lee, William, Lennarz, Dirk, Vargas, Hermes León, Linnemann, Jim, Longinotti, Anna Lia, Luis-Raya, Gilgamesh, Luna-García, Rene, Malone, Kelly, Marinelli, Samuel Stephens, Martinez, Oscar, Martinez Castellanos, Israel, Martínez Huerta, Humberto, Martínez Castro, Jesús, Matthews, John, Miranda-Romagnoli, Pedro, Moreno Barbosa, Eduardo, Mostafa, Miguel, Nayerhoda, Amid, Nellen, Lukas, Newbold, Michael, Nisa, Mehr Un, Noriega-Papaqui, Roberto, Pelayo, Rodrigo, Pretz, John, Pérez Pérez, Eucario Gonzalo, Ren, Zhixiang, Rho, Chang Dong, Rivière, Colas, González, Daniel Rosa, Rosenberg, Matthew, Ruiz-Velasco, Edna, Ruiz-Velasco, Enrique, Greus, Francisco Salesa, Sandoval, Andres, Schneider, Michael, Schoorlemmer, Harm, Sinnis, Gus, Smith, Andrew James, Springer, Wayne, Surajbali, Pooja, Tibolla, Omar, Tollefson, Kirsten, Torres, Ibrahim, Villaseñor, Luis, Weisgarber, Thomas, Werner, Felix, Yapici, Tolga, Yodh, Gaurang, Zepeda, Arnulfo, Zhou, Hao, Álvarez Romero, Juan Dios, Abdalla, H., Angüner, E. O., Armand, C., Backes, M., Becherini, Y., Berge, D., Böttcher, M., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bonnefoy, S., Bordas, P., Brun, F., Büchele, M., Bulik, T., Caroff, S., Carosi, A., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chakraborty, N., Chandra, S., Chen, A., Colafrancesco, S., Davids, I. D., Deil, C., Devin, J., Djannati-Ataï, A., Egberts, K., Emery, G., Eschbach, S., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Funk, S., Füßling, M., Gallant, Y. A., Gaté, F., Giavitto, G., Glawion, D., Glicenstein, J. F., Gottschall, D., Grondin, M. -H., Haupt, M., Henri, G., Hinton, J. A., Hoischen, C., Holch, T. L., Huber, D., Jamrozy, M., Jankowsky, D., Jankowsky, F., Jouvin, L., Jung-Richardt, I., Kerszberg, D., Khélifi, B., King, J., Klepser, S., Kluźniak, W., Komin, Nu, Kraus, M., Lefaucheur, J., Lemière, A., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Leser, E., Lohse, T., López-Coto, R., Lorentz, M., Lypova, I., Marandon, V., Martí-Devesa, G. Guillem, Maurin, G., Mitchell, A. M.W., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Mohrmann, L., Moulin, E., Murach, T., de Naurois, M., Niederwanger, F., Niemiec, J., Oakes, L., O'Brien, P., Ohm, S., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Perennes, C., Piel, Q., Pita, S., Poireau, V., Noel, A. Priyana, Prokoph, H., Pühlhofer, G., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Rauth, R., Renaud, M., Rieger, F., Rinchiuso, L., Romoli, C., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Sanchez, D. A., Sasaki, M., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Seglar-Arroyo, M., Shafi, N., Simoni, R., Sol, H., Stegmann, C., Steppa, C., Tavernier, T., Taylor, A. M., Tiziani, D., Trichard, C., Tsirou, M., van Eldik, C., van Rensburg, C., van Soelen, B., Veh, J., Vincent, P., Voisin, F., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, R. M., Wierzcholska, A., Zanin, R., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Ziegler, A., Zorn, J., Zywucka, N., Savchenko, V., Ferrigno, C., Bazzano, A., Diehl, R., Kuulkers, E., Laurent, P., Mereghetti, S., Natalucci, L., Panessa, F., Rodi, J., Ubertini, P., Morokuma, Tomoki, Ohta, Kouji, Tanaka, Yasuyuki T., Mori, Hiroki, Yamanaka, Masayuki, Kawabata, Koji S., Utsumi, Yousuke, Nakaoka, Tatsuya, Kawabata, Miho, Nagashima, Hiroki, Yoshida, Michitoshi, Matsuoka, Yoshiki, Itoh, Ryosuke, Keel, William, Copperwheat, Christopher, Steele, Iain, Cenko, S. Bradley, Evans, Philip, Fox, Derek, Kennea, Jamie, Marshall, Francis, Osborne, Julian, Tohuvavohu, Aaron, Turley, Colin, Cowen, Douglas, DeLaunay, James, Keivani, Azadeh, Santander, Marcos, Abeysekara, Anushka, Archer, Avery, Benbow, Wystan, Bird, Ralph, Brill, Aryeh, Brose, Robert, Buchovecky, Matthew, Buckley, James, Bugaev, Viatcheslav, Christiansen, Jodi, Connolly, Michael, Cui, Wei, Daniel, Michael, Errando, Manel, Falcone, Abraham, Feng, Qi, Finley, John, Fortson, Lucy, Furniss, Amy, Gueta, Orel, Hütten, Moritz, Hervet, Olivier, Hughes, Gareth, Humensky, Thomas, Johnson, Caitlin, Kaaret, Philip, Kar, Payel, Kelley-Hoskins, Nathan, Kertzman, Mary, Kieda, David, Krause, Maria, Krennrich, Frank, Kumar, Sajan, Lang, Mark, Lin, Tony, Maier, Gernot, McArthur, Steven, Moriarty, Patrick, Mukherjee, Reshmi, Nieto, Daniel, O'Brien, Stephen, Ong, Rene, Otte, Adam, Park, Nahee, Petrashyk, Andriy, Pohl, Martin, Popkow, Alexis, Pueschel, Elisa, Quinn, John, Ragan, Kenneth, Reynolds, Paul, Richards, Gregory, Roache, Emmet, Rulten, Cameron, Sadeh, Iftach, Santander, Marcos, Scott, Skyler, Sembroski, Glenn, Shahinyan, Karlen, Sushch, Iurii, Trépanier, Samuel, Tyler, Jonathan, Vassiliev, Vladimir, Wakely, Scott, Weinstein, Amanda, Wells, Rita, Wilcox, Patrick, Wilhelm, Alina, Williams, David, Zitzer, Benjamin, Tetarenko, Alexandra, Kimball, Amy, Miller-Jones, James, & Sivakoff, Gregory. Multimessenger observations of a flaring blazar coincident with high-energy neutrino IceCube-170922A. United States. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aat1378
Aartsen, Mark, Ackermann, Markus, Adams, Jenni, Aguilar, Juan Antonio, Ahlers, Markus, Ahrens, Maryon, Al Samarai, Imen, Altmann, David, Andeen, Karen, Anderson, Tyler, Ansseau, Isabelle, Anton, Gisela, Argüelles, Carlos, Auffenberg, Jan, Axani, Spencer, Bagherpour, Hadis, Bai, Xinhua, Barron, Jared, Barwick, Steve, Baum, Volker, Bay, Ryan, Beatty, James, Becker, Karl Heinz, Tjus, Julia, BenZvi, Segev, Berley, David, Bernardini, Elisa, Besson, David, Binder, Gary, Bindig, Daniel, Blaufuss, Erik, Blot, Summer, Bohm, Christian, Boerner, Mathis, Bos, Fabian, Boeser, Sebastian, Botner, Olga, Bourbeau, Etienne, Bourbeau, James, Bradascio, Federica, Braun, Jim, Brenzke, Martin, Bretz, Hans-Peter, Bron, Stephanie, Brostean-Kaiser, Jannes, Burgman, Alexander, Busse, Raffaela, Carver, Tessa, Cheng, Edward, Chirkin, Dmitry, Christov, Asen, Clark, Ken, Classen, Lew, Coenders, S., Collin, Gabriel, Conrad, Janet, Coppin, Paul, Correa, Pablo, Cowen, Doug, Cross, Robert, Dave, Pranav, Day, Melanie, de Andre, Joao M., De Clercq, Catherine, Delaunay, James, Dembinski, Hans, DeRidder, Sam, Desiati, Paolo, de Vries, Krijn, DeWasseige, Gwenhael, DeWith, Meike, DeYoung, Ty, Díaz-Vélez, Juan Carlos, Di Lorenzo, Vincenzo, Dujmovic, Hrvoje, Dumm, Jonathan, Dunkman, Matt, Dvorak, Emily, Eberhardt, Benjamin, Ehrhardt, Thomas, Eichmann, Bjorn, Eller, Philipp, Evenson, Paul, Fahey, Sam, Fazely, Ali, Felde, John, Filimonov, Kirill, Finley, Chad, Flis, Samuel, Franckowiak, Anna, Friedman, Elizabeth, Fritz, Alexander, Gaisser, Tom, Gallagher, Jay, Gerhardt, Lisa, Ghorbani, Kevin, Glauch, Theo, Gluesenkamp, Thorsten, Goldschmidt, Azriel, Gonzalez, Javier, Grant, Darren, Griffith, Zachary, Haack, Christian, Hallgren, Allan, Halzen, Francis, Hanson, Kael, Hebecker, Dustin, Heereman, David, Helbing, Klaus, Hellauer, Robert, Hickford, Stephanie, Hignight, Joshua, Hill, Gary, Hoffman, Kara, Hoffmann, Ruth, Hoinka, Tobias, Hokanson-Fasig, Benjamin, Hoshina, Kotoyo, Huang, Feifei, Huber, Matthias, Hultqvist, Klas, Huennefeld, Mirco, Hussain, Raamis, In, Seongjin, Iovine, Nadège, Ishihara, Aya, Jacobi, Emanuel, Japaridze, George, Jeong, Minjin, Jero, Kyle, Jones, Benjamin, Kalaczynski, Piotr, Kang, Woosik, Kappes, Alexander, Kappesser, David, Karg, Timo, Karle, Albrecht, Katz, Uli, Kauer, Matt, Keivani, Azadeh, Kelley, John, Kheirandish, Ali, Kim, JongHyun, Kim, Myoungchul, Kintscher, Thomas, Kiryluk, Joanna, Kittler, Thomas, Klein, Spencer, Koirala, Ramesh, Kolanoski, Hermann, Koepke, Lutz, Kopper, Claudio, Kopper, Sandro, Koschinsky, Jan Paul, Koskinen, Jason, Kowalski, Marek, Krings, Kai, Kroll, Mike, Krueckl, Gerald, Kunwar, Samridha, Kurahashi Neilson, Naoko, Kuwabara, Takao, Kyriacou, Alexander, Labare, Mathieu, Lanfranchi, Justin, Larson, Michael, Lauber, Frederik, Leonard, Kayla, Lesiak-Bzdak, Mariola, Leuermann, Martin, Liu, Qinrui, Lozano Mariscal, Cristian Jesús, Lu, Lu, Luenemann, Jan, Luszczak, William, Madsen, James, Maggi, Giuliano, Mahn, Kendall, Mancina, Sarah, Maruyama, Reina, Mase, Keiichi, Maunu, Ryan, Meagher, Kevin, Medici, Morten, Meier, Maximilian, Menne, Thorben, Merino, Gonzalo, Meures, Thomas, Miarecki, Sandy, Micallef, Jessie, Momente, Giulio, Montaruli, Teresa, Moore, Roger, Morse, Robert, Moulai, Marjon, Nahnhauer, Rolf, Nakarmi, Prabandha, Naumann, Uwe, Neer, Garrett, Niederhausen, Hans, Nowicki, Sarah, Nygren, Dave, Pollmann, Anna, Olivas, Alex, Murchadha, Aongus Ó., O'Sullivan, Erin, Palczewski, Tomasz, Pandya, Hershal, Pankova, Daria, Peiffer, Peter, Pepper, James, de los Heros, Carlos, Pieloth, Damian, Pinat, Elisa, Plum, Matthias, Price, Buford, Przybylski, Gerald, Raab, Christoph, Raedel, Leif, Rameez, Mohamed, Rauch, Ludwig, Rawlins, Katherine, Rea, Immacolata Carmen, Reimann, Rene, Relethford, Ben, Relich, Matt, Resconi, Elisa, Rhode, Wolfgang, Richman, Mike, Robertson, Sally, Rongen, Martin, Rott, Carsten, Ruhe, Tim, Ryckbosch, Dirk, Rysewyk, Devyn, Safa, Ibrahim, Saelzer, Tobias, Sanchez, Sebastian, Sandrock, Alexander, Sandroos, Joakim, Santander, Marcos, Sarkar, Sourav, Sarkar, Subir, Satalecka, Konstancja, Schlunder, Philipp, Schmidt, Torsten, Schneider, Austin, Schoenen, Sebastian, Schoneberg, Sebastian, Schumacher, Lisa, Sclanfani, Stephen, Seckel, Dave, Seunarine, Suruj, Soedingrekso, Jan, Soldin, Dennis, Song, Ming, Spiczak, Glenn, Spiering, Christian, Stachurska, Juliana, Stamatikos, Michael, Stanev, Todor, Stasik, Alexander, Stein, Robert, Stettner, Joeran, Steuer, Anna, Stezelberger, Thorsten, Stokstad, Robert, Stoessl, Achim, Strotjohann, Nora Linn, Stuttard, Thomas, Sullivan, Greg, Sutherland, Michael, Taboada, Ignacio, Tatar, Joulien, Tenholt, Frederik, Ter-Antonyan, Samvel, Terliuk, Andrii, Tilav, Serap, Toale, Pat, Tobin, Moriah, Toennis, Christoph, Toscano, Simona, Tosi, Delia, Tselengidou, Maria, Tung, ChunFai, Turcati, Andrea, Turley, Colin, Ty, Bunheng, Unger, Lisa, Usner, Marcel, Van Driessche, Ward, Van Eijk, Daan, van Eijndhoven, Nick, Vandenbroucke, Justin, Vanheule, Sander, van Santen, Jakob, Vogel, Eric, Vraeghe, Matthias, Walck, Christian, Wallace, Alexander, Wallraff, Marius, Wandler, Frank, Wandkowsky, Nancy, Waza, Aatif, Weaver, Chris, Weiss, Matthew, Wendt, Chris, Werthebach, Johannes, Westerhoff, Stefan, Whelan, Ben, Whitehorn, Nathan, Wiebe, Klaus, Wiebusch, Christopher, Wille, Logan, Williams, Dawn, Wills, Lizz, Wolf, Martin, Wood, Joshua, Wood, Tania, Woschnagg, Kurt, Xu, Donglian, Xu, Xianwu, Xu, Yiqian, Yanez, Juan Pablo, Yodh, Gaurang, Yoshida, Shigeru, Yuan, Tianlu, Abdollahi, Soheila, Ajello, Marco, Angioni, Roberto, Baldini, Luca, Ballet, Jean, Barbiellini, Guido, Bastieri, Denis, Bechtol, Keith, Bellazzini, Ronaldo, Berenji, Bijan, Bissaldi, Elisabetta, Blandford, Roger, Bonino, Raffaella, Bottacini, Eugenio, Bregeon, Johan, Bruel, Philippe, Büehler, Rolf, Burnett, Toby, Burns, Eric, Buson, Sara, Cameron, Rob, Caputo, Regina, Caraveo, Patrizia A., Cavazzuti, Elisabetta, Charles, Eric, Chen, Sina, Cheung, Teddy, Chiang, James, Chiaro, Graziano, Ciprini, Stefano, Cohen-Tanugi, Johann, Conrad, Jan, Costantin, Denise, Cutini, Sara, D'Ammando, Filippo, de Palma, Francesco, Digel, Seth, Di Lalla, Niccolò, Di Mauro, Mattia, Di Venere, Leonardo, Domínguez, Alberto, Favuzzi, Cecilia, Franckowiak, Anna, Fukazawa, Yasushi, Funk, Stefan, Fusco, Piergiorgio, Gargano, Fabio, Gasparrini, Dario, Giglietto, Nico, Giomi, Matteo, Giommi, Paolo, Giordano, Francesco, Giroletti, Marcello, Glanzman, Thomas, Green, David, Grenier, Isabelle, Grondin, Marie-Hélène, Guiriec, Sylvain, Harding, Alice, Hayashida, Masaaki, Hays, Liz, Hewitt, John, Horan, Deirdre, Jóhannesson, Guölaugur, Kadler, Matthias, Kensei, Shiki, Kocevski, Daniel, Krauss, Felicia, Kreter, Michael, Kuss, Michael, La Mura, Giovanni, Larsson, Stefan, Latronico, Luca, Lemoine-Goumard, Marianne, Li, Jian, Longo, Francesco, Loparco, Francesco, Lovellette, Michael, Lubrano, Pasquale, Magill, Jeffrey, Maldera, Simone, Malyshev, Dmitry, Manfreda, Alberto, Mazziotta, Mario Nicola, McEnery, Julie, Meyer, Manuel, Michelson, Peter, Mizuno, Tsunefumi, Monzani, Maria Elena, Morselli, Aldo, Moskalenko, Igor, Negro, Michela, Nuss, Eric, Ojha, Roopesh, Omodei, Nicola, Orienti, Monica, Orlando, Elena, Palatiello, Michele, Paliya, Vaidehi, Perkins, Jeremy, Persic, Massimo, Pesce-Rollins, Melissa, Piron, Frederic, Porter, Troy, Principe, Giacomo, Rainò, Silvia, Rando, Riccardo, Rani, Bindu, Razzano, Massimiliano, Razzaque, Soebur, Reimer, Anita, Reimer, Olaf, Renault-Tinacci, Nicolas, Ritz, Steve, Rochester, Leon, Parkinson, Pablo Saz, Sgrò, Carmelo, Siskind, Eric J., Spandre, Gloria, Spinelli, Paolo, Suson, Dan, Tajima, Hiro, Takahashi, Mitsunari, Tanaka, Yasuyuki, Thayer, Jana, Thompson, David J., Tibaldo, Luigi, Torres, Diego F., Torresi, Eleonora, Tosti, Gino, Troja, Eleonora, Valverde, Janeth Verónica, Vianello, Giacomo, Vogel, Matthew, Wood, Kent, Wood, Matthew, Zaharijas, Gabrijela, Ahnen, Max Ludwig, Ansoldi, Stefano, Antonelli, Lucio Angelo, Arcaro, Cornelia, Baack, Dominik, Babić, Ana, Banerjee, Biswajit, Bangale, Priyadarshini, Barres de Almeida, Ulisses, Barrio, Juan Abel, González, Josefa Becerra, Bednarek, Wlodek, Bernardini, Elisa, Berti, Alessio, Bhattacharyya, Wrijupan, Biland, Adrian, Blanch, Oscar, Bonnoli, Giacomo, Carosi, Roberto, Carosi, Alessandro, Ceribella, Giovanni, Chatterjee, Anshu, Colak, Sidika Merve, Colin, Pierre, Colombo, Eduardo, Contreras, Jose Luis, Cortina, Juan, Covino, Stefano, Cumani, Paolo, Da Vela, Paolo, Dazzi, Francesco, De Angelis, Alessandro, De Lotto, Barbara, Delfino, Manuel, Delgado, Jordi, Di Pierro, Federico, Domínguez, Alberto, Dominis Prester, Dijana, Dorner, Daniela, Doro, Michele, Einecke, Sabrina, Elsaesser, Dominik, Fallah Ramazani, Vandad, Fernández-Barral, Alba, Fidalgo, David, Foffano, Luca, Pfrang, Konstantin, Fonseca, Maria Victoria, Font, Lluis, Fruck, Christian, Galindo, Daniel, Gallozzi, Stefano, García López, Ramon J., Garczarczyk, Markus, Gaug, Markus, Giammaria, Paola, Godinović, Nikola, Gora, Dariusz, Guberman, Daniel, Hadasch, Daniela, Hahn, Alexander, Hassan, Tarek, Hayashida, Masaaki, Herrera, Javier, Hose, Juergen, Hrupec, Dario, Inoue, Susumu, Ishio, Kazuma, Konno, Yusuke, Kubo, Hidetoshi, Kushida, Junko, Lelas, Damira, Lindfors, Elina, Lombardi, Saverio, Longo, Francesco, López, Marcos, Maggio, Camilla, Majumdar, Pratik, Makariev, Martin, Maneva, Galina, Manganaro, Marina, Mannheim, Karl, Maraschi, Laura, Mariotti, Mosé, Martínez, Manel, Masuda, Shu, Mazin, Daniel, Minev, Milen, Miranda, Jose Miguel, Mirzoyan, Razmik, Moralejo, Abelardo, Moreno, Victoria, Moretti, Elena, Nagayoshi, Tsutomu, Neustroev, Vitaly, Niedzwiecki, Andrzej, Nievas Rosillo, Mireia, Nigro, Cosimo, Nilsson, Kari, Ninci, Daniele, Nishijima, Kyoshi, Noda, Koji, Nogués, Leyre, Paiano, Simona, Palacio, Joaquim, Paneque, David, Paoletti, Riccardo, Paredes, Josep M., Pedaletti, Giovanna, Peresano, Michele, Persic, Massimo, Prada Moroni, Pier Giorgio, Prandini, Elisa, Puljak, Ivica, Rodriguez, Jezabel, Reichardt, Ignasi, Rhode, Wolfgang, Ribó, Marc, Rico, Javier, Righi, Chiara, Rugliancich, Andrea, Saito, Takayuki, Satalecka, Konstancja, Schweizer, Thomas, Sitarek, Julian, Šnidarić, Iva, Sobczynska, Dorota, Stamerra, Antonio, Strzys, Marcel, Surić, Tihomir, Takahashi, Mitsunari, Tavecchio, Fabrizio, Temnikov, Petar, Terzić, Tomislav, Teshima, Masahiro, Torres-Albà, Nuria, Treves, Aldo, Tsujimoto, Shimpei, Vanzo, Gaia, Vazquez Acosta, Monica, Vovk, Ievgen, Ward, John E., Will, Martin, Zarić, Darko, Franceschini, Alberto, Lucarelli, Fabrizio, Tavani, Marco, Piano, Giovanni, Donnarumma, Imma, Pittori, Carlotta, Verrecchia, Francesco, Barbiellini, Guido, Bulgarelli, Andrea, Caraveo, Patrizia, Cattaneo, Paolo Walter, Colafrancesco, Sergio, Costa, Enrico, Di Cocco, Guido, Ferrari, Attilio, Gianotti, Fulvio, Giuliani, Andrea, Lipari, Paolo, Mereghetti, Sandro, Morselli, Aldo, Pacciani, Luigi, Paoletti, Franco, Parmiggiani, Nicolò, Pellizzoni, Alberto, Picozza, Piergiorgio, Pilia, Maura, Rappoldi, Andrea, Trois, Alessio, Vercellone, Stefano, Vittorini, Valerio, Albert, Andrea, Alfaro, Ruben, Álvarez, César, Arceo, Roberto, Arteaga Velázquez, Juan Carlos, Avila Rojas, Daniel Omar, Ayala Solares, Hugo Alberto, Becerril, Ana Delia, Belmont-Moreno, Ernesto, Bernal, Abel, Caballero Mora, Karen S., Capistrán Rojas, Tomás, Carramiñana, Alberto, Casanova, Sabrina, Castillo Maldonado, Mario Alberto, Cotti, Umberto, Cotzomi, Jorge, Coutiño de León, Sara, De León Acuña, Cederik León, De la Fuente, Eduardo, Hernandez, Raquel Diaz, Dichiara, Simone, Dingus, Brenda, DuVernois, Michael, Díaz Velez, Juan Carlos, Ellsworth, Robert, Engel, Kristi, Fiorino, Daniel W., Fleischhack, Henrike, Fraija, Nissim Illich, García González, José Andrés, Garfias, Fernando, González, Maria Magdalena, Muñoz, Adiv González, Goodman, Jordan A., Hampel-Arias, Zigfried, Harding, J. Patrick, Cadena, Sergio Hernandez, Hona, Binita, Hueyotl-Zahuantitla, Filiberto, Hui, Michelle, Hüntemeyer, Petra, Iriarte, Arturo, Jardin-Blicq, Armelle, Joshi, Vikas, Kaufmann, Sarah, Kunde, Gerd J., Lara, Alejandro, Lauer, Robert, Lee, William, Lennarz, Dirk, Vargas, Hermes León, Linnemann, Jim, Longinotti, Anna Lia, Luis-Raya, Gilgamesh, Luna-García, Rene, Malone, Kelly, Marinelli, Samuel Stephens, Martinez, Oscar, Martinez Castellanos, Israel, Martínez Huerta, Humberto, Martínez Castro, Jesús, Matthews, John, Miranda-Romagnoli, Pedro, Moreno Barbosa, Eduardo, Mostafa, Miguel, Nayerhoda, Amid, Nellen, Lukas, Newbold, Michael, Nisa, Mehr Un, Noriega-Papaqui, Roberto, Pelayo, Rodrigo, Pretz, John, Pérez Pérez, Eucario Gonzalo, Ren, Zhixiang, Rho, Chang Dong, Rivière, Colas, González, Daniel Rosa, Rosenberg, Matthew, Ruiz-Velasco, Edna, Ruiz-Velasco, Enrique, Greus, Francisco Salesa, Sandoval, Andres, Schneider, Michael, Schoorlemmer, Harm, Sinnis, Gus, Smith, Andrew James, Springer, Wayne, Surajbali, Pooja, Tibolla, Omar, Tollefson, Kirsten, Torres, Ibrahim, Villaseñor, Luis, Weisgarber, Thomas, Werner, Felix, Yapici, Tolga, Yodh, Gaurang, Zepeda, Arnulfo, Zhou, Hao, Álvarez Romero, Juan Dios, Abdalla, H., Angüner, E. 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Fri . "Multimessenger observations of a flaring blazar coincident with high-energy neutrino IceCube-170922A". United States. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aat1378. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1473983.
@article{osti_1473983,
title = {Multimessenger observations of a flaring blazar coincident with high-energy neutrino IceCube-170922A},
author = {Aartsen, Mark and Ackermann, Markus and Adams, Jenni and Aguilar, Juan Antonio and Ahlers, Markus and Ahrens, Maryon and Al Samarai, Imen and Altmann, David and Andeen, Karen and Anderson, Tyler and Ansseau, Isabelle and Anton, Gisela and Argüelles, Carlos and Auffenberg, Jan and Axani, Spencer and Bagherpour, Hadis and Bai, Xinhua and Barron, Jared and Barwick, Steve and Baum, Volker and Bay, Ryan and Beatty, James and Becker, Karl Heinz and Tjus, Julia and BenZvi, Segev and Berley, David and Bernardini, Elisa and Besson, David and Binder, Gary and Bindig, Daniel and Blaufuss, Erik and Blot, Summer and Bohm, Christian and Boerner, Mathis and Bos, Fabian and Boeser, Sebastian and Botner, Olga and Bourbeau, Etienne and Bourbeau, James and Bradascio, Federica and Braun, Jim and Brenzke, Martin and Bretz, Hans-Peter and Bron, Stephanie and Brostean-Kaiser, Jannes and Burgman, Alexander and Busse, Raffaela and Carver, Tessa and Cheng, Edward and Chirkin, Dmitry and Christov, Asen and Clark, Ken and Classen, Lew and Coenders, S. and Collin, Gabriel and Conrad, Janet and Coppin, Paul and Correa, Pablo and Cowen, Doug and Cross, Robert and Dave, Pranav and Day, Melanie and de Andre, Joao M. and De Clercq, Catherine and Delaunay, James and Dembinski, Hans and DeRidder, Sam and Desiati, Paolo and de Vries, Krijn and DeWasseige, Gwenhael and DeWith, Meike and DeYoung, Ty and Díaz-Vélez, Juan Carlos and Di Lorenzo, Vincenzo and Dujmovic, Hrvoje and Dumm, Jonathan and Dunkman, Matt and Dvorak, Emily and Eberhardt, Benjamin and Ehrhardt, Thomas and Eichmann, Bjorn and Eller, Philipp and Evenson, Paul and Fahey, Sam and Fazely, Ali and Felde, John and Filimonov, Kirill and Finley, Chad and Flis, Samuel and Franckowiak, Anna and Friedman, Elizabeth and Fritz, Alexander and Gaisser, Tom and Gallagher, Jay and Gerhardt, Lisa and Ghorbani, Kevin and Glauch, Theo and Gluesenkamp, Thorsten and Goldschmidt, Azriel and Gonzalez, Javier and Grant, Darren and Griffith, Zachary and Haack, Christian and Hallgren, Allan and Halzen, Francis and Hanson, Kael and Hebecker, Dustin and Heereman, David and Helbing, Klaus and Hellauer, Robert and Hickford, Stephanie and Hignight, Joshua and Hill, Gary and Hoffman, Kara and Hoffmann, Ruth and Hoinka, Tobias and Hokanson-Fasig, Benjamin and Hoshina, Kotoyo and Huang, Feifei and Huber, Matthias and Hultqvist, Klas and Huennefeld, Mirco and Hussain, Raamis and In, Seongjin and Iovine, Nadège and Ishihara, Aya and Jacobi, Emanuel and Japaridze, George and Jeong, Minjin and Jero, Kyle and Jones, Benjamin and Kalaczynski, Piotr and Kang, Woosik and Kappes, Alexander and Kappesser, David and Karg, Timo and Karle, Albrecht and Katz, Uli and Kauer, Matt and Keivani, Azadeh and Kelley, John and Kheirandish, Ali and Kim, JongHyun and Kim, Myoungchul and Kintscher, Thomas and Kiryluk, Joanna and Kittler, Thomas and Klein, Spencer and Koirala, Ramesh and Kolanoski, Hermann and Koepke, Lutz and Kopper, Claudio and Kopper, Sandro and Koschinsky, Jan Paul and Koskinen, Jason and Kowalski, Marek and Krings, Kai and Kroll, Mike and Krueckl, Gerald and Kunwar, Samridha and Kurahashi Neilson, Naoko and Kuwabara, Takao and Kyriacou, Alexander and Labare, Mathieu and Lanfranchi, Justin and Larson, Michael and Lauber, Frederik and Leonard, Kayla and Lesiak-Bzdak, Mariola and Leuermann, Martin and Liu, Qinrui and Lozano Mariscal, Cristian Jesús and Lu, Lu and Luenemann, Jan and Luszczak, William and Madsen, James and Maggi, Giuliano and Mahn, Kendall and Mancina, Sarah and Maruyama, Reina and Mase, Keiichi and Maunu, Ryan and Meagher, Kevin and Medici, Morten and Meier, Maximilian and Menne, Thorben and Merino, Gonzalo and Meures, Thomas and Miarecki, Sandy and Micallef, Jessie and Momente, Giulio and Montaruli, Teresa and Moore, Roger and Morse, Robert and Moulai, Marjon and Nahnhauer, Rolf and Nakarmi, Prabandha and Naumann, Uwe and Neer, Garrett and Niederhausen, Hans and Nowicki, Sarah and Nygren, Dave and Pollmann, Anna and Olivas, Alex and Murchadha, Aongus Ó. and O'Sullivan, Erin and Palczewski, Tomasz and Pandya, Hershal and Pankova, Daria and Peiffer, Peter and Pepper, James and de los Heros, Carlos and Pieloth, Damian and Pinat, Elisa and Plum, Matthias and Price, Buford and Przybylski, Gerald and Raab, Christoph and Raedel, Leif and Rameez, Mohamed and Rauch, Ludwig and Rawlins, Katherine and Rea, Immacolata Carmen and Reimann, Rene and Relethford, Ben and Relich, Matt and Resconi, Elisa and Rhode, Wolfgang and Richman, Mike and Robertson, Sally and Rongen, Martin and Rott, Carsten and Ruhe, Tim and Ryckbosch, Dirk and Rysewyk, Devyn and Safa, Ibrahim and Saelzer, Tobias and Sanchez, Sebastian and Sandrock, Alexander and Sandroos, Joakim and Santander, Marcos and Sarkar, Sourav and Sarkar, Subir and Satalecka, Konstancja and Schlunder, Philipp and Schmidt, Torsten and Schneider, Austin and Schoenen, Sebastian and Schoneberg, Sebastian and Schumacher, Lisa and Sclanfani, Stephen and Seckel, Dave and Seunarine, Suruj and Soedingrekso, Jan and Soldin, Dennis and Song, Ming and Spiczak, Glenn and Spiering, Christian and Stachurska, Juliana and Stamatikos, Michael and Stanev, Todor and Stasik, Alexander and Stein, Robert and Stettner, Joeran and Steuer, Anna and Stezelberger, Thorsten and Stokstad, Robert and Stoessl, Achim and Strotjohann, Nora Linn and Stuttard, Thomas and Sullivan, Greg and Sutherland, Michael and Taboada, Ignacio and Tatar, Joulien and Tenholt, Frederik and Ter-Antonyan, Samvel and Terliuk, Andrii and Tilav, Serap and Toale, Pat and Tobin, Moriah and Toennis, Christoph and Toscano, Simona and Tosi, Delia and Tselengidou, Maria and Tung, ChunFai and Turcati, Andrea and Turley, Colin and Ty, Bunheng and Unger, Lisa and Usner, Marcel and Van Driessche, Ward and Van Eijk, Daan and van Eijndhoven, Nick and Vandenbroucke, Justin and Vanheule, Sander and van Santen, Jakob and Vogel, Eric and Vraeghe, Matthias and Walck, Christian and Wallace, Alexander and 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Bradley and Evans, Philip and Fox, Derek and Kennea, Jamie and Marshall, Francis and Osborne, Julian and Tohuvavohu, Aaron and Turley, Colin and Cowen, Douglas and DeLaunay, James and Keivani, Azadeh and Santander, Marcos and Abeysekara, Anushka and Archer, Avery and Benbow, Wystan and Bird, Ralph and Brill, Aryeh and Brose, Robert and Buchovecky, Matthew and Buckley, James and Bugaev, Viatcheslav and Christiansen, Jodi and Connolly, Michael and Cui, Wei and Daniel, Michael and Errando, Manel and Falcone, Abraham and Feng, Qi and Finley, John and Fortson, Lucy and Furniss, Amy and Gueta, Orel and Hütten, Moritz and Hervet, Olivier and Hughes, Gareth and Humensky, Thomas and Johnson, Caitlin and Kaaret, Philip and Kar, Payel and Kelley-Hoskins, Nathan and Kertzman, Mary and Kieda, David and Krause, Maria and Krennrich, Frank and Kumar, Sajan and Lang, Mark and Lin, Tony and Maier, Gernot and McArthur, Steven and Moriarty, Patrick and Mukherjee, Reshmi and Nieto, Daniel and O'Brien, Stephen and Ong, Rene and Otte, Adam and Park, Nahee and Petrashyk, Andriy and Pohl, Martin and Popkow, Alexis and Pueschel, Elisa and Quinn, John and Ragan, Kenneth and Reynolds, Paul and Richards, Gregory and Roache, Emmet and Rulten, Cameron and Sadeh, Iftach and Santander, Marcos and Scott, Skyler and Sembroski, Glenn and Shahinyan, Karlen and Sushch, Iurii and Trépanier, Samuel and Tyler, Jonathan and Vassiliev, Vladimir and Wakely, Scott and Weinstein, Amanda and Wells, Rita and Wilcox, Patrick and Wilhelm, Alina and Williams, David and Zitzer, Benjamin and Tetarenko, Alexandra and Kimball, Amy and Miller-Jones, James and Sivakoff, Gregory},
abstractNote = {Previous detections of individual astrophysical sources of neutrinos are limited to the Sun and the supernova 1987A, whereas the origins of the diffuse flux of high-energy cosmic neutrinos remain unidentified. On 22 September 2017, we detected a high-energy neutrino, IceCube-170922A, with an energy of ~290 tera–electron volts. Its arrival direction was consistent with the location of a known γ-ray blazar, TXS 0506+056, observed to be in a flaring state. An extensive multiwavelength campaign followed, ranging from radio frequencies to γ-rays. These observations characterize the variability and energetics of the blazar and include the detection of TXS 0506+056 in very-high-energy γ-rays. This observation of a neutrino in spatial coincidence with a γ-ray–emitting blazar during an active phase suggests that blazars may be a source of high-energy neutrinos.},
doi = {10.1126/science.aat1378},
journal = {Science},
number = 6398,
volume = 361,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}

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