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Title: Low- p T e + e - Pair Production in Au + Au Collisions at s N N = 200 GeV and U + U Collisions at s N N = 193 GeV at STAR

Here, we report first measurements of e +e pair production in the mass region 0.4 < M ee < 2.6 GeV/c 2 at low transverse momentum (p T < 0.15 GeV/c) in noncentral Au+Au collisions at √ sNN = 200 GeV and U+U collisions at √ sNN = 193 GeV. Significant enhancement factors, expressed as ratios of data over known hadronic contributions, are observed in the 40%–80% centrality of these collisions. The excess yields peak distinctly at low p T with a width (√ < p 2 T >) between 40 and 60 MeV/c. The absolute cross section of the excess depends weakly on centrality, while those from a theoretical model calculation incorporating an in-medium broadened ρ spectral function and radiation from a quark gluon plasma or hadronic cocktail contributions increase dramatically with an increasing number of participant nucleons. Model calculations of photon-photon interactions generated by the initial projectile and target nuclei describe the observed excess yields but fail to reproduce the p 2 T distributions.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-209102-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012704
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 13; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Contributing Orgs:
STAR Collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS
OSTI Identifier:
1473729
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1475152

Adam, J., Adamczyk, L., Adams, J. R., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Ajitanand, N. N., Alekseev, I., Anderson, D. M., Aoyama, R., Aparin, A., Arkhipkin, D., Aschenauer, E. C., Ashraf, M. U., Atetalla, F., Attri, A., Averichev, G. S., Bai, X., Bairathi, V., Barish, K., Bassill, A. J., Behera, A., Bellwied, R., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bielcik, J., Bielcikova, J., Bland, L. C., Bordyuzhin, I. G., Brandenburg, J. D., Brandin, A. V., Brown, D., Bryslawskyj, J., Bunzarov, I., Butterworth, J., Caines, H., Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M., Campbell, J. M., Cebra, D., Chakaberia, I., Chaloupka, P., Chang, F-H., Chang, Z., Chankova-Bunzarova, N., Chatterjee, A., Chattopadhyay, S., Chen, J. H., Chen, X., Chen, X., Cheng, J., Cherney, M., Christie, W., Contin, G., Crawford, H. J., Das, S., Dedovich, T. G., Deppner, I. M., Derevschikov, A. A., Didenko, L., Dilks, C., Dong, X., Drachenberg, J. L., Dunlop, J. C., Efimov, L. G., Elsey, N., Engelage, J., Eppley, G., Esha, R., Esumi, S., Evdokimov, O., Ewigleben, J., Eyser, O., Fatemi, R., Fazio, S., Federic, P., Federicova, P., Fedorisin, J., Filip, P., Finch, E., Fisyak, Y., Flores, C. E., Fulek, L., Gagliardi, C. A., Galatyuk, T., Geurts, F., Gibson, A., Grosnick, D., Gunarathne, D. S., Guo, Y., Gupta, A., Guryn, W., Hamad, A. I., Hamed, A., Harlenderova, A., Harris, J. W., He, L., Heppelmann, S., Heppelmann, S., Herrmann, N., Hirsch, A., Holub, L., Horvat, S., Huang, X., Huang, B., Huang, S. L., Huang, H. Z., Huang, T., Humanic, T. J., Huo, P., Igo, G., Jacobs, W. W., Jentsch, A., Jia, J., Jiang, K., Jowzaee, S., Judd, E. G., Kabana, S., Kalinkin, D., Kang, K., Kapukchyan, D., Kauder, K., Ke, H. W., Keane, D., Kechechyan, A., Kikoła, D. P., Kim, C., Kinghorn, T. A., Kisel, I., Kisiel, A., Klein, S. R., Kochenda, L., Kosarzewski, L. K., Kraishan, A. F., Kramarik, L., Krauth, L., Kravtsov, P., Krueger, K., Kulathunga, N., Kumar, S., Kumar, L., Kvapil, J., Kwasizur, J. H., Lacey, R., Landgraf, J. M., Lauret, J., Lebedev, A., Lednicky, R., Lee, J. H., Li, X., Li, C., Li, W., Li, Y., Liang, Y., Lidrych, J., Lin, T., Lipiec, A., Lisa, M. A., Liu, F., Liu, P., Liu, H., Liu, Y., Ljubicic, T., Llope, W. J., Lomnitz, M., Longacre, R. S., Luo, X., Luo, S., Ma, G. L., Ma, Y. G., Ma, L., Ma, R., Magdy, N., Majka, R., Mallick, D., Margetis, S., Markert, C., Matis, H. S., Matonoha, O., Mayes, D., Mazer, J. A., Meehan, K., Mei, J. C., Minaev, N. G., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D., Mohanty, B., Mondal, M. M., Mooney, I., Morozov, D. A., Nasim, Md., Negrete, J. D., Nelson, J. M., Nemes, D. B., Nie, M., Nigmatkulov, G., Niida, T., Nogach, L. V., Nonaka, T., Nurushev, S. B., Odyniec, G., Ogawa, A., Oh, K., Oh, S., Okorokov, V. A., Olvitt, D., Page, B. S., Pak, R., Panebratsev, Y., Pawlik, B., Pei, H., Perkins, C., Pluta, J., Porter, J., Posik, M., Pruthi, N. K., Przybycien, M., Putschke, J., Quintero, A., Radhakrishnan, S. K., Ramachandran, S., Ray, R. L., Reed, R., Ritter, H. G., Roberts, J. B., Rogachevskiy, O. V., Romero, J. L., Ruan, L., Rusnak, J., Rusnakova, O., Sahoo, N. R., Sahu, P. K., Salur, S., Sandweiss, J., Schambach, J., Schmah, A. M., Schmidke, W. B., Schmitz, N., Schweid, B. R., Seck, F., Seger, J., Sergeeva, M., Seto, R., Seyboth, P., Shah, N., Shahaliev, E., Shanmuganathan, P. V., Shao, M., Shen, W. Q., Shen, F., Shi, S. S., Shou, Q. Y., Sichtermann, E. P., Siejka, S., Sikora, R., Simko, M., Singha, S., Smirnov, N., Smirnov, D., Solyst, W., Sorensen, P., Spinka, H. M., Srivastava, B., Stanislaus, T. D. S., Stewart, D. J., Strikhanov, M., Stringfellow, B., Suaide, A. A. P., Sugiura, T., Sumbera, M., Summa, B., Sun, Y., Sun, X., Sun, X. M., Surrow, B., Svirida, D. N., Szymanski, P., Tang, Z., Tang, A. H., Taranenko, A., Tarnowsky, T., Thomas, J. H., Timmins, A. R., Tlusty, D., Todoroki, T., Tokarev, M., Tomkiel, C. A., Trentalange, S., Tribble, R. E., Tribedy, P., Tripathy, S. K., Tsai, O. D., Tu, B., Ullrich, T., Underwood, D. G., Upsal, I., Van Buren, G., Vanek, J., Vasiliev, A. N., Vassiliev, I., Videbæk, F., Vokal, S., Voloshin, S. A., Vossen, A., Wang, G., Wang, Y., Wang, F., Wang, Y., Webb, J. C., Wen, L., Westfall, G. D., Wieman, H., Wissink, S. W., Witt, R., Wu, Y., Xiao, Z. G., Xie, G., Xie, W., Xu, Q. H., Xu, Z., Xu, J., Xu, Y. F., Xu, N., Yang, S., Yang, C., Yang, Q., Yang, Y., Ye, Z., Ye, Z., Yi, L., Yip, K., Yoo, I. -K., Yu, N., Zbroszczyk, H., Zha, W., Zhang, Z., Zhang, L., Zhang, Y., Zhang, X. P., Zhang, J., Zhang, S., Zhang, S., Zhang, J., Zhao, J., Zhong, C., Zhou, C., Zhou, L., Zhu, Z., Zhu, X., and Zyzak, M.. Low- pT e+e- Pair Production in Au+Au Collisions at sNN=200GeV and U+U Collisions at sNN=193GeV at STAR. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.132301.
Adam, J., Adamczyk, L., Adams, J. R., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Ajitanand, N. N., Alekseev, I., Anderson, D. M., Aoyama, R., Aparin, A., Arkhipkin, D., Aschenauer, E. C., Ashraf, M. U., Atetalla, F., Attri, A., Averichev, G. S., Bai, X., Bairathi, V., Barish, K., Bassill, A. J., Behera, A., Bellwied, R., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bielcik, J., Bielcikova, J., Bland, L. C., Bordyuzhin, I. G., Brandenburg, J. D., Brandin, A. V., Brown, D., Bryslawskyj, J., Bunzarov, I., Butterworth, J., Caines, H., Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M., Campbell, J. M., Cebra, D., Chakaberia, I., Chaloupka, P., Chang, F-H., Chang, Z., Chankova-Bunzarova, N., Chatterjee, A., Chattopadhyay, S., Chen, J. H., Chen, X., Chen, X., Cheng, J., Cherney, M., Christie, W., Contin, G., Crawford, H. J., Das, S., Dedovich, T. G., Deppner, I. M., Derevschikov, A. A., Didenko, L., Dilks, C., Dong, X., Drachenberg, J. L., Dunlop, J. C., Efimov, L. G., Elsey, N., Engelage, J., Eppley, G., Esha, R., Esumi, S., Evdokimov, O., Ewigleben, J., Eyser, O., Fatemi, R., Fazio, S., Federic, P., Federicova, P., Fedorisin, J., Filip, P., Finch, E., Fisyak, Y., Flores, C. E., Fulek, L., Gagliardi, C. A., Galatyuk, T., Geurts, F., Gibson, A., Grosnick, D., Gunarathne, D. S., Guo, Y., Gupta, A., Guryn, W., Hamad, A. I., Hamed, A., Harlenderova, A., Harris, J. W., He, L., Heppelmann, S., Heppelmann, S., Herrmann, N., Hirsch, A., Holub, L., Horvat, S., Huang, X., Huang, B., Huang, S. L., Huang, H. Z., Huang, T., Humanic, T. J., Huo, P., Igo, G., Jacobs, W. W., Jentsch, A., Jia, J., Jiang, K., Jowzaee, S., Judd, E. G., Kabana, S., Kalinkin, D., Kang, K., Kapukchyan, D., Kauder, K., Ke, H. W., Keane, D., Kechechyan, A., Kikoła, D. P., Kim, C., Kinghorn, T. A., Kisel, I., Kisiel, A., Klein, S. R., Kochenda, L., Kosarzewski, L. K., Kraishan, A. F., Kramarik, L., Krauth, L., Kravtsov, P., Krueger, K., Kulathunga, N., Kumar, S., Kumar, L., Kvapil, J., Kwasizur, J. H., Lacey, R., Landgraf, J. M., Lauret, J., Lebedev, A., Lednicky, R., Lee, J. H., Li, X., Li, C., Li, W., Li, Y., Liang, Y., Lidrych, J., Lin, T., Lipiec, A., Lisa, M. A., Liu, F., Liu, P., Liu, H., Liu, Y., Ljubicic, T., Llope, W. J., Lomnitz, M., Longacre, R. S., Luo, X., Luo, S., Ma, G. L., Ma, Y. G., Ma, L., Ma, R., Magdy, N., Majka, R., Mallick, D., Margetis, S., Markert, C., Matis, H. S., Matonoha, O., Mayes, D., Mazer, J. A., Meehan, K., Mei, J. C., Minaev, N. G., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D., Mohanty, B., Mondal, M. M., Mooney, I., Morozov, D. A., Nasim, Md., Negrete, J. D., Nelson, J. M., Nemes, D. B., Nie, M., Nigmatkulov, G., Niida, T., Nogach, L. V., Nonaka, T., Nurushev, S. B., Odyniec, G., Ogawa, A., Oh, K., Oh, S., Okorokov, V. A., Olvitt, D., Page, B. S., Pak, R., Panebratsev, Y., Pawlik, B., Pei, H., Perkins, C., Pluta, J., Porter, J., Posik, M., Pruthi, N. K., Przybycien, M., Putschke, J., Quintero, A., Radhakrishnan, S. K., Ramachandran, S., Ray, R. L., Reed, R., Ritter, H. G., Roberts, J. B., Rogachevskiy, O. V., Romero, J. L., Ruan, L., Rusnak, J., Rusnakova, O., Sahoo, N. R., Sahu, P. K., Salur, S., Sandweiss, J., Schambach, J., Schmah, A. M., Schmidke, W. B., Schmitz, N., Schweid, B. R., Seck, F., Seger, J., Sergeeva, M., Seto, R., Seyboth, P., Shah, N., Shahaliev, E., Shanmuganathan, P. V., Shao, M., Shen, W. Q., Shen, F., Shi, S. S., Shou, Q. Y., Sichtermann, E. P., Siejka, S., Sikora, R., Simko, M., Singha, S., Smirnov, N., Smirnov, D., Solyst, W., Sorensen, P., Spinka, H. M., Srivastava, B., Stanislaus, T. D. S., Stewart, D. J., Strikhanov, M., Stringfellow, B., Suaide, A. A. P., Sugiura, T., Sumbera, M., Summa, B., Sun, Y., Sun, X., Sun, X. M., Surrow, B., Svirida, D. N., Szymanski, P., Tang, Z., Tang, A. H., Taranenko, A., Tarnowsky, T., Thomas, J. H., Timmins, A. R., Tlusty, D., Todoroki, T., Tokarev, M., Tomkiel, C. A., Trentalange, S., Tribble, R. E., Tribedy, P., Tripathy, S. K., Tsai, O. D., Tu, B., Ullrich, T., Underwood, D. G., Upsal, I., Van Buren, G., Vanek, J., Vasiliev, A. N., Vassiliev, I., Videbæk, F., Vokal, S., Voloshin, S. A., Vossen, A., Wang, G., Wang, Y., Wang, F., Wang, Y., Webb, J. C., Wen, L., Westfall, G. D., Wieman, H., Wissink, S. W., Witt, R., Wu, Y., Xiao, Z. G., Xie, G., Xie, W., Xu, Q. H., Xu, Z., Xu, J., Xu, Y. F., Xu, N., Yang, S., Yang, C., Yang, Q., Yang, Y., Ye, Z., Ye, Z., Yi, L., Yip, K., Yoo, I. -K., Yu, N., Zbroszczyk, H., Zha, W., Zhang, Z., Zhang, L., Zhang, Y., Zhang, X. P., Zhang, J., Zhang, S., Zhang, S., Zhang, J., Zhao, J., Zhong, C., Zhou, C., Zhou, L., Zhu, Z., Zhu, X., & Zyzak, M.. Low- pT e+e- Pair Production in Au+Au Collisions at sNN=200GeV and U+U Collisions at sNN=193GeV at STAR. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.132301.
Adam, J., Adamczyk, L., Adams, J. R., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Ajitanand, N. N., Alekseev, I., Anderson, D. M., Aoyama, R., Aparin, A., Arkhipkin, D., Aschenauer, E. C., Ashraf, M. U., Atetalla, F., Attri, A., Averichev, G. S., Bai, X., Bairathi, V., Barish, K., Bassill, A. J., Behera, A., Bellwied, R., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bielcik, J., Bielcikova, J., Bland, L. C., Bordyuzhin, I. G., Brandenburg, J. D., Brandin, A. V., Brown, D., Bryslawskyj, J., Bunzarov, I., Butterworth, J., Caines, H., Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M., Campbell, J. M., Cebra, D., Chakaberia, I., Chaloupka, P., Chang, F-H., Chang, Z., Chankova-Bunzarova, N., Chatterjee, A., Chattopadhyay, S., Chen, J. H., Chen, X., Chen, X., Cheng, J., Cherney, M., Christie, W., Contin, G., Crawford, H. J., Das, S., Dedovich, T. G., Deppner, I. M., Derevschikov, A. A., Didenko, L., Dilks, C., Dong, X., Drachenberg, J. L., Dunlop, J. C., Efimov, L. G., Elsey, N., Engelage, J., Eppley, G., Esha, R., Esumi, S., Evdokimov, O., Ewigleben, J., Eyser, O., Fatemi, R., Fazio, S., Federic, P., Federicova, P., Fedorisin, J., Filip, P., Finch, E., Fisyak, Y., Flores, C. E., Fulek, L., Gagliardi, C. A., Galatyuk, T., Geurts, F., Gibson, A., Grosnick, D., Gunarathne, D. S., Guo, Y., Gupta, A., Guryn, W., Hamad, A. I., Hamed, A., Harlenderova, A., Harris, J. W., He, L., Heppelmann, S., Heppelmann, S., Herrmann, N., Hirsch, A., Holub, L., Horvat, S., Huang, X., Huang, B., Huang, S. L., Huang, H. Z., Huang, T., Humanic, T. J., Huo, P., Igo, G., Jacobs, W. W., Jentsch, A., Jia, J., Jiang, K., Jowzaee, S., Judd, E. G., Kabana, S., Kalinkin, D., Kang, K., Kapukchyan, D., Kauder, K., Ke, H. W., Keane, D., Kechechyan, A., Kikoła, D. P., Kim, C., Kinghorn, T. A., Kisel, I., Kisiel, A., Klein, S. R., Kochenda, L., Kosarzewski, L. K., Kraishan, A. F., Kramarik, L., Krauth, L., Kravtsov, P., Krueger, K., Kulathunga, N., Kumar, S., Kumar, L., Kvapil, J., Kwasizur, J. H., Lacey, R., Landgraf, J. M., Lauret, J., Lebedev, A., Lednicky, R., Lee, J. H., Li, X., Li, C., Li, W., Li, Y., Liang, Y., Lidrych, J., Lin, T., Lipiec, A., Lisa, M. A., Liu, F., Liu, P., Liu, H., Liu, Y., Ljubicic, T., Llope, W. J., Lomnitz, M., Longacre, R. S., Luo, X., Luo, S., Ma, G. L., Ma, Y. G., Ma, L., Ma, R., Magdy, N., Majka, R., Mallick, D., Margetis, S., Markert, C., Matis, H. S., Matonoha, O., Mayes, D., Mazer, J. A., Meehan, K., Mei, J. C., Minaev, N. G., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D., Mohanty, B., Mondal, M. M., Mooney, I., Morozov, D. A., Nasim, Md., Negrete, J. D., Nelson, J. M., Nemes, D. B., Nie, M., Nigmatkulov, G., Niida, T., Nogach, L. V., Nonaka, T., Nurushev, S. B., Odyniec, G., Ogawa, A., Oh, K., Oh, S., Okorokov, V. A., Olvitt, D., Page, B. S., Pak, R., Panebratsev, Y., Pawlik, B., Pei, H., Perkins, C., Pluta, J., Porter, J., Posik, M., Pruthi, N. K., Przybycien, M., Putschke, J., Quintero, A., Radhakrishnan, S. K., Ramachandran, S., Ray, R. L., Reed, R., Ritter, H. G., Roberts, J. B., Rogachevskiy, O. V., Romero, J. L., Ruan, L., Rusnak, J., Rusnakova, O., Sahoo, N. R., Sahu, P. K., Salur, S., Sandweiss, J., Schambach, J., Schmah, A. M., Schmidke, W. B., Schmitz, N., Schweid, B. R., Seck, F., Seger, J., Sergeeva, M., Seto, R., Seyboth, P., Shah, N., Shahaliev, E., Shanmuganathan, P. V., Shao, M., Shen, W. Q., Shen, F., Shi, S. S., Shou, Q. Y., Sichtermann, E. P., Siejka, S., Sikora, R., Simko, M., Singha, S., Smirnov, N., Smirnov, D., Solyst, W., Sorensen, P., Spinka, H. M., Srivastava, B., Stanislaus, T. D. S., Stewart, D. J., Strikhanov, M., Stringfellow, B., Suaide, A. A. P., Sugiura, T., Sumbera, M., Summa, B., Sun, Y., Sun, X., Sun, X. M., Surrow, B., Svirida, D. N., Szymanski, P., Tang, Z., Tang, A. H., Taranenko, A., Tarnowsky, T., Thomas, J. H., Timmins, A. R., Tlusty, D., Todoroki, T., Tokarev, M., Tomkiel, C. A., Trentalange, S., Tribble, R. E., Tribedy, P., Tripathy, S. K., Tsai, O. D., Tu, B., Ullrich, T., Underwood, D. G., Upsal, I., Van Buren, G., Vanek, J., Vasiliev, A. N., Vassiliev, I., Videbæk, F., Vokal, S., Voloshin, S. A., Vossen, A., Wang, G., Wang, Y., Wang, F., Wang, Y., Webb, J. C., Wen, L., Westfall, G. D., Wieman, H., Wissink, S. W., Witt, R., Wu, Y., Xiao, Z. G., Xie, G., Xie, W., Xu, Q. H., Xu, Z., Xu, J., Xu, Y. F., Xu, N., Yang, S., Yang, C., Yang, Q., Yang, Y., Ye, Z., Ye, Z., Yi, L., Yip, K., Yoo, I. -K., Yu, N., Zbroszczyk, H., Zha, W., Zhang, Z., Zhang, L., Zhang, Y., Zhang, X. P., Zhang, J., Zhang, S., Zhang, S., Zhang, J., Zhao, J., Zhong, C., Zhou, C., Zhou, L., Zhu, Z., Zhu, X., and Zyzak, M.. 2018. "Low- pT e+e- Pair Production in Au+Au Collisions at sNN=200GeV and U+U Collisions at sNN=193GeV at STAR". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.132301.
@article{osti_1473729,
title = {Low- pT e+e- Pair Production in Au+Au Collisions at sNN=200GeV and U+U Collisions at sNN=193GeV at STAR},
author = {Adam, J. and Adamczyk, L. and Adams, J. R. and Adkins, J. K. and Agakishiev, G. and Aggarwal, M. M. and Ahammed, Z. and Ajitanand, N. N. and Alekseev, I. and Anderson, D. M. and Aoyama, R. and Aparin, A. and Arkhipkin, D. and Aschenauer, E. C. and Ashraf, M. U. and Atetalla, F. and Attri, A. and Averichev, G. S. and Bai, X. and Bairathi, V. and Barish, K. and Bassill, A. J. and Behera, A. and Bellwied, R. and Bhasin, A. and Bhati, A. K. and Bielcik, J. and Bielcikova, J. and Bland, L. C. and Bordyuzhin, I. G. and Brandenburg, J. D. and Brandin, A. V. and Brown, D. and Bryslawskyj, J. and Bunzarov, I. and Butterworth, J. and Caines, H. and Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M. and Campbell, J. M. and Cebra, D. and Chakaberia, I. and Chaloupka, P. and Chang, F-H. and Chang, Z. and Chankova-Bunzarova, N. and Chatterjee, A. and Chattopadhyay, S. and Chen, J. H. and Chen, X. and Chen, X. and Cheng, J. and Cherney, M. and Christie, W. and Contin, G. and Crawford, H. J. and Das, S. and Dedovich, T. G. and Deppner, I. M. and Derevschikov, A. A. and Didenko, L. and Dilks, C. and Dong, X. and Drachenberg, J. L. and Dunlop, J. C. and Efimov, L. G. and Elsey, N. and Engelage, J. and Eppley, G. and Esha, R. and Esumi, S. and Evdokimov, O. and Ewigleben, J. and Eyser, O. and Fatemi, R. and Fazio, S. and Federic, P. and Federicova, P. and Fedorisin, J. and Filip, P. and Finch, E. and Fisyak, Y. and Flores, C. E. and Fulek, L. and Gagliardi, C. A. and Galatyuk, T. and Geurts, F. and Gibson, A. and Grosnick, D. and Gunarathne, D. S. and Guo, Y. and Gupta, A. and Guryn, W. and Hamad, A. I. and Hamed, A. and Harlenderova, A. and Harris, J. W. and He, L. and Heppelmann, S. and Heppelmann, S. and Herrmann, N. and Hirsch, A. and Holub, L. and Horvat, S. and Huang, X. and Huang, B. and Huang, S. L. and Huang, H. Z. and Huang, T. and Humanic, T. J. and Huo, P. and Igo, G. and Jacobs, W. W. and Jentsch, A. and Jia, J. and Jiang, K. and Jowzaee, S. and Judd, E. G. and Kabana, S. and Kalinkin, D. and Kang, K. and Kapukchyan, D. and Kauder, K. and Ke, H. W. and Keane, D. and Kechechyan, A. and Kikoła, D. P. and Kim, C. and Kinghorn, T. A. and Kisel, I. and Kisiel, A. and Klein, S. R. and Kochenda, L. and Kosarzewski, L. K. and Kraishan, A. F. and Kramarik, L. and Krauth, L. and Kravtsov, P. and Krueger, K. and Kulathunga, N. and Kumar, S. and Kumar, L. and Kvapil, J. and Kwasizur, J. H. and Lacey, R. and Landgraf, J. M. and Lauret, J. and Lebedev, A. and Lednicky, R. and Lee, J. H. and Li, X. and Li, C. and Li, W. and Li, Y. and Liang, Y. and Lidrych, J. and Lin, T. and Lipiec, A. and Lisa, M. A. and Liu, F. and Liu, P. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Ljubicic, T. and Llope, W. J. and Lomnitz, M. and Longacre, R. S. and Luo, X. and Luo, S. and Ma, G. L. and Ma, Y. G. and Ma, L. and Ma, R. and Magdy, N. and Majka, R. and Mallick, D. and Margetis, S. and Markert, C. and Matis, H. S. and Matonoha, O. and Mayes, D. and Mazer, J. A. and Meehan, K. and Mei, J. C. and Minaev, N. G. and Mioduszewski, S. and Mishra, D. and Mohanty, B. and Mondal, M. M. and Mooney, I. and Morozov, D. A. and Nasim, Md. and Negrete, J. D. and Nelson, J. M. and Nemes, D. B. and Nie, M. and Nigmatkulov, G. and Niida, T. and Nogach, L. V. and Nonaka, T. and Nurushev, S. B. and Odyniec, G. and Ogawa, A. and Oh, K. and Oh, S. and Okorokov, V. A. and Olvitt, D. and Page, B. S. and Pak, R. and Panebratsev, Y. and Pawlik, B. and Pei, H. and Perkins, C. and Pluta, J. and Porter, J. and Posik, M. and Pruthi, N. K. and Przybycien, M. and Putschke, J. and Quintero, A. and Radhakrishnan, S. K. and Ramachandran, S. and Ray, R. L. and Reed, R. and Ritter, H. G. and Roberts, J. B. and Rogachevskiy, O. V. and Romero, J. L. and Ruan, L. and Rusnak, J. and Rusnakova, O. and Sahoo, N. R. and Sahu, P. K. and Salur, S. and Sandweiss, J. and Schambach, J. and Schmah, A. M. and Schmidke, W. B. and Schmitz, N. and Schweid, B. R. and Seck, F. and Seger, J. and Sergeeva, M. and Seto, R. and Seyboth, P. and Shah, N. and Shahaliev, E. and Shanmuganathan, P. V. and Shao, M. and Shen, W. Q. and Shen, F. and Shi, S. S. and Shou, Q. Y. and Sichtermann, E. P. and Siejka, S. and Sikora, R. and Simko, M. and Singha, S. and Smirnov, N. and Smirnov, D. and Solyst, W. and Sorensen, P. and Spinka, H. M. and Srivastava, B. and Stanislaus, T. D. S. and Stewart, D. J. and Strikhanov, M. and Stringfellow, B. and Suaide, A. A. P. and Sugiura, T. and Sumbera, M. and Summa, B. and Sun, Y. and Sun, X. and Sun, X. M. and Surrow, B. and Svirida, D. N. and Szymanski, P. and Tang, Z. and Tang, A. H. and Taranenko, A. and Tarnowsky, T. and Thomas, J. H. and Timmins, A. R. and Tlusty, D. and Todoroki, T. and Tokarev, M. and Tomkiel, C. A. and Trentalange, S. and Tribble, R. E. and Tribedy, P. and Tripathy, S. K. and Tsai, O. D. and Tu, B. and Ullrich, T. and Underwood, D. G. and Upsal, I. and Van Buren, G. and Vanek, J. and Vasiliev, A. N. and Vassiliev, I. and Videbæk, F. and Vokal, S. and Voloshin, S. A. and Vossen, A. and Wang, G. and Wang, Y. and Wang, F. and Wang, Y. and Webb, J. C. and Wen, L. and Westfall, G. D. and Wieman, H. and Wissink, S. W. and Witt, R. and Wu, Y. and Xiao, Z. G. and Xie, G. and Xie, W. and Xu, Q. H. and Xu, Z. and Xu, J. and Xu, Y. F. and Xu, N. and Yang, S. and Yang, C. and Yang, Q. and Yang, Y. and Ye, Z. and Ye, Z. and Yi, L. and Yip, K. and Yoo, I. -K. and Yu, N. and Zbroszczyk, H. and Zha, W. and Zhang, Z. and Zhang, L. and Zhang, Y. and Zhang, X. P. and Zhang, J. and Zhang, S. and Zhang, S. and Zhang, J. and Zhao, J. and Zhong, C. and Zhou, C. and Zhou, L. and Zhu, Z. and Zhu, X. and Zyzak, M.},
abstractNote = {Here, we report first measurements of e+e– pair production in the mass region 0.4 < Mee < 2.6 GeV/c2 at low transverse momentum (pT < 0.15 GeV/c) in noncentral Au+Au collisions at √sNN = 200 GeV and U+U collisions at √sNN = 193 GeV. Significant enhancement factors, expressed as ratios of data over known hadronic contributions, are observed in the 40%–80% centrality of these collisions. The excess yields peak distinctly at low pT with a width (√ < p2T >) between 40 and 60 MeV/c. The absolute cross section of the excess depends weakly on centrality, while those from a theoretical model calculation incorporating an in-medium broadened ρ spectral function and radiation from a quark gluon plasma or hadronic cocktail contributions increase dramatically with an increasing number of participant nucleons. Model calculations of photon-photon interactions generated by the initial projectile and target nuclei describe the observed excess yields but fail to reproduce the p2T distributions.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.132301},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 13,
volume = 121,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}