DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Tuning the electrolyte network structure to invoke quasi-solid state sulfur conversion and suppress lithium dendrite formation in Li–S batteries

Abstract

Here, the lithium-sulfur battery is promising as an alternative to conventional lithium-ion technology due to the high energy density of both sulfur and lithium metal electrodes. Extended life time has been demonstrated, but two notable challenges still exist in battery applications: overcoming the undesired high electrolyte/sulfur ratio, and inhibiting Li dendrite growth and its parasitic reaction with the electrolyte. Here we demonstrate that by tuning the electrolyte structure, the challenges at both electrodes can be tackled simultaneously. The sulfur speciation pathway transforms from a dissolution-precipitation route to a quasi-solid-state conversion in the presence of lowered solvent activity and an extended electrolyte network structure as revealed by ab initio calculations, curtailing the need for high electrolyte volumes. With such an optimized structure, the Li plates dendrite-free and shows 20-fold reduction in parasitic reactions with Li, avoiding electrolyte consumption and greatly extending the life time of a low E/S (5 µl/mg-1) sulfur cell.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON (Canada); Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR), Argonne, IL (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR); Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
OSTI Identifier:
1472132
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 2058-7546
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Pang, Quan, Shyamsunder, Abhinandan, Narayanan, Badri, Kwok, Chun Yuen, Curtiss, Larry A., and Nazar, Linda F. Tuning the electrolyte network structure to invoke quasi-solid state sulfur conversion and suppress lithium dendrite formation in Li–S batteries. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41560-018-0214-0.
Pang, Quan, Shyamsunder, Abhinandan, Narayanan, Badri, Kwok, Chun Yuen, Curtiss, Larry A., & Nazar, Linda F. Tuning the electrolyte network structure to invoke quasi-solid state sulfur conversion and suppress lithium dendrite formation in Li–S batteries. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-018-0214-0
Pang, Quan, Shyamsunder, Abhinandan, Narayanan, Badri, Kwok, Chun Yuen, Curtiss, Larry A., and Nazar, Linda F. Mon . "Tuning the electrolyte network structure to invoke quasi-solid state sulfur conversion and suppress lithium dendrite formation in Li–S batteries". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-018-0214-0. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1472132.
@article{osti_1472132,
title = {Tuning the electrolyte network structure to invoke quasi-solid state sulfur conversion and suppress lithium dendrite formation in Li–S batteries},
author = {Pang, Quan and Shyamsunder, Abhinandan and Narayanan, Badri and Kwok, Chun Yuen and Curtiss, Larry A. and Nazar, Linda F.},
abstractNote = {Here, the lithium-sulfur battery is promising as an alternative to conventional lithium-ion technology due to the high energy density of both sulfur and lithium metal electrodes. Extended life time has been demonstrated, but two notable challenges still exist in battery applications: overcoming the undesired high electrolyte/sulfur ratio, and inhibiting Li dendrite growth and its parasitic reaction with the electrolyte. Here we demonstrate that by tuning the electrolyte structure, the challenges at both electrodes can be tackled simultaneously. The sulfur speciation pathway transforms from a dissolution-precipitation route to a quasi-solid-state conversion in the presence of lowered solvent activity and an extended electrolyte network structure as revealed by ab initio calculations, curtailing the need for high electrolyte volumes. With such an optimized structure, the Li plates dendrite-free and shows 20-fold reduction in parasitic reactions with Li, avoiding electrolyte consumption and greatly extending the life time of a low E/S (5 µl/mg-1) sulfur cell.},
doi = {10.1038/s41560-018-0214-0},
journal = {Nature Energy},
number = 9,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 30 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

MWCNT porous microspheres with an efficient 3D conductive network for high performance lithium–sulfur batteries
journal, January 2016

  • Ye, Xiaomin; Ma, Jie; Hu, Yong-Sheng
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 4, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5TA08991C

Review on High-Loading and High-Energy Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
journal, May 2017

  • Peng, Hong-Jie; Huang, Jia-Qi; Cheng, Xin-Bing
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 7, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201700260

Generalized Gradient Approximation Made Simple
journal, October 1996

  • Perdew, John P.; Burke, Kieron; Ernzerhof, Matthias
  • Physical Review Letters, Vol. 77, Issue 18, p. 3865-3868
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.77.3865

A graphene foam electrode with high sulfur loading for flexible and high energy Li-S batteries
journal, January 2015


Long term stability of Li-S batteries using high concentration lithium nitrate electrolytes
journal, October 2017


From ultrasoft pseudopotentials to the projector augmented-wave method
journal, January 1999


Nanomaterials: Science and applications in the lithium–sulfur battery
journal, June 2015


Understanding the Anchoring Effect of Two-Dimensional Layered Materials for Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
journal, May 2015


Review on Li-Sulfur Battery Systems: an Integral Perspective
journal, May 2015

  • Rosenman, Ariel; Markevich, Elena; Salitra, Gregory
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201500212

Effect of Hydrofluoroether Cosolvent Addition on Li Solvation in Acetonitrile-Based Solvate Electrolytes and Its Influence on S Reduction in a Li–S Battery
journal, December 2016

  • See, Kimberly A.; Wu, Heng-Liang; Lau, Kah Chun
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 50
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b11358

Unusual Stability of Acetonitrile-Based Superconcentrated Electrolytes for Fast-Charging Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, March 2014

  • Yamada, Yuki; Furukawa, Keizo; Sodeyama, Keitaro
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 13, p. 5039-5046
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja412807w

Determination of Lithium-Ion Transference Numbers in LiPF[sub 6]–PC Solutions Based on Electrochemical Polarization and NMR Measurements
journal, January 2008

  • Zhao, Jishi; Wang, Li; He, Xiangming
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 155, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2837832

Unique behaviour of nonsolvents for polysulphides in lithium–sulphur batteries
journal, January 2014

  • Cuisinier, M.; Cabelguen, P. -E.; Adams, B. D.
  • Energy Environ. Sci., Vol. 7, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4EE00372A

Smaller Sulfur Molecules Promise Better Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
journal, October 2012

  • Xin, Sen; Gu, Lin; Zhao, Na-Hong
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 134, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja308170k

Solvate Ionic Liquid Electrolyte for Li–S Batteries
journal, January 2013

  • Dokko, Kaoru; Tachikawa, Naoki; Yamauchi, Kento
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 160, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.111308jes

Dendrites and Pits: Untangling the Complex Behavior of Lithium Metal Anodes through Operando Video Microscopy
journal, October 2016


Advances in lithium–sulfur batteries based on multifunctional cathodes and electrolytes
journal, September 2016


Transition of lithium growth mechanisms in liquid electrolytes
journal, January 2016

  • Bai, Peng; Li, Ju; Brushett, Fikile R.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 9, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6EE01674J

Conductivity and NMR study of ionic mobility in lithium oxide
journal, January 1990

  • Strange, J. H.; Rageb, S. M.; Chadwick, A. V.
  • Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions, Vol. 86, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/ft9908601239

Metal–Sulfur Battery Cathodes Based on PAN–Sulfur Composites
journal, September 2015

  • Wei, Shuya; Ma, Lin; Hendrickson, Kenville E.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 37
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b08113

Enhanced Electrochemical Kinetics on Conductive Polar Mediators for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
journal, October 2016

  • Peng, Hong-Jie; Zhang, Ge; Chen, Xiang
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 55, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201605676

Unique aqueous Li-ion/sulfur chemistry with high energy density and reversibility
journal, May 2017

  • Yang, Chongyin; Suo, Liumin; Borodin, Oleg
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 114, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1703937114

Lithium-Sulfur Batteries: Electrochemistry, Materials, and Prospects
journal, November 2013

  • Yin, Ya-Xia; Xin, Sen; Guo, Yu-Guo
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 52, Issue 50
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201304762

Critical Link between Materials Chemistry and Cell-Level Design for High Energy Density and Low Cost Lithium-Sulfur Transportation Battery
journal, January 2015

  • Eroglu, Damla; Zavadil, Kevin R.; Gallagher, Kevin G.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 162, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0611506jes

Perspective—Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
journal, June 2017

  • Bonnick, Patrick; Nagai, Erika; Muldoon, John
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 165, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0031801jes

Lithium-Sulfur Batteries: Progress and Prospects
journal, February 2015

  • Manthiram, Arumugam; Chung, Sheng-Heng; Zu, Chenxi
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 27, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201405115

The Correlation Between Surface Chemistry, Surface Morphology, and Cycling Efficiency of Lithium Electrodes in a Few Polar Aprotic Systems
journal, January 1989

  • Aurbach, Doron
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2096425

Efficient iterative schemes for ab initio total-energy calculations using a plane-wave basis set
journal, October 1996


Progress Towards Commercially Viable Li-S Battery Cells
journal, April 2015

  • Urbonaite, Sigita; Poux, Tiphaine; Novák, Petr
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201500118

Fire-extinguishing organic electrolytes for safe batteries
journal, November 2017


In Situ X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy Studies of Discharge Reactions in a Thick Cathode of a Lithium Sulfur Battery
journal, December 2016

  • Wujcik, Kevin H.; Wang, Dunyang Rita; Pascal, Tod A.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 164, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.1441614jes

Direct Observation of the Interfacial Instability of the Fast Ionic Conductor Li 10 GeP 2 S 12 at the Lithium Metal Anode
journal, March 2016


On the Way Toward Understanding Solution Chemistry of Lithium Polysulfides for High Energy Li-S Redox Flow Batteries
journal, April 2015

  • Pan, Huilin; Wei, Xiaoliang; Henderson, Wesley A.
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201500113

Nanostructured sulfur cathodes
journal, January 2013

  • Yang, Yuan; Zheng, Guangyuan; Cui, Yi
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 42, Issue 7, p. 3018-3032
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2cs35256g

Three-dimensional bilayer garnet solid electrolyte based high energy density lithium metal–sulfur batteries
journal, January 2017

  • Fu, Kun (Kelvin); Gong, Yunhui; Hitz, Gregory T.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 10, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7EE01004D

More Reliable Lithium-Sulfur Batteries: Status, Solutions and Prospects
journal, April 2017

  • Fang, Ruopian; Zhao, Shiyong; Sun, Zhenhua
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 29, Issue 48
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201606823

ZnO Hard Templating for Synthesis of Hierarchical Porous Carbons with Tailored Porosity and High Performance in Lithium-Sulfur Battery
journal, November 2014

  • Strubel, Patrick; Thieme, Sören; Biemelt, Tim
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 25, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201402768

Canonical dynamics: Equilibrium phase-space distributions
journal, March 1985


Radical or Not Radical: Revisiting Lithium-Sulfur Electrochemistry in Nonaqueous Electrolytes
journal, January 2015

  • Cuisinier, Marine; Hart, Connor; Balasubramanian, Mahalingam
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201401801

High-Performance All-Solid-State Lithium–Sulfur Battery Enabled by a Mixed-Conductive Li 2 S Nanocomposite
journal, June 2016


A highly ordered nanostructured carbon–sulphur cathode for lithium–sulphur batteries
journal, May 2009

  • Ji, Xiulei; Lee, Kyu Tae; Nazar, Linda F.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 6, p. 500-506
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2460

Assessing the quality of the random phase approximation for lattice constants and atomization energies of solids
journal, March 2010


Sparingly Solvating Electrolytes for High Energy Density Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
journal, August 2016


Oxidative-Stability Enhancement and Charge Transport Mechanism in Glyme–Lithium Salt Equimolar Complexes
journal, August 2011

  • Yoshida, Kazuki; Nakamura, Megumi; Kazue, Yuichi
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 133, Issue 33, p. 13121-13129
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja203983r

Surface-enhanced redox chemistry of polysulphides on a metallic and polar host for lithium-sulphur batteries
journal, August 2014

  • Pang, Quan; Kundu, Dipan; Cuisinier, Marine
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5759

Accessing the bottleneck in all-solid state batteries, lithium-ion transport over the solid-electrolyte-electrode interface
journal, October 2017


A new class of Solvent-in-Salt electrolyte for high-energy rechargeable metallic lithium batteries
journal, February 2013

  • Suo, Liumin; Hu, Yong-Sheng; Li, Hong
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2513

High rate and stable cycling of lithium metal anode
journal, February 2015

  • Qian, Jiangfeng; Henderson, Wesley A.; Xu, Wu
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7362

Superconcentrated electrolytes for a high-voltage lithium-ion battery
journal, June 2016

  • Wang, Jianhui; Yamada, Yuki; Sodeyama, Keitaro
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12032

Enhanced Electrochemical Kinetics on Conductive Polar Mediators for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
journal, October 2016


Reducing Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction and field-free spin-orbit torque switching in synthetic antiferromagnets
journal, May 2021


Works referencing / citing this record:

Manipulating Polysulfide Conversion with Strongly Coupled Fe 3 O 4 and Nitrogen Doped Carbon for Stable and High Capacity Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
journal, November 2018

  • Lu, Ke; Zhang, Hong; Gao, Siyuan
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 29, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201807309

Sulfur Redox Reactions at Working Interfaces in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries: A Perspective
journal, January 2019

  • Yuan, Hong; Peng, Hong-Jie; Huang, Jia-Qi
  • Advanced Materials Interfaces, Vol. 6, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/admi.201802046

Simultaneous Cobalt and Phosphorous Doping of MoS 2 for Improved Catalytic Performance on Polysulfide Conversion in Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
journal, August 2019

  • Lin, Haibin; Zhang, Shengliang; Zhang, Tianran
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201902096

Rechargeable Iron–Sulfur Battery without Polysulfide Shuttling
journal, September 2019

  • Wu, Xianyong; Markir, Aaron; Xu, Yunkai
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 40
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201902422

Electrochemically Stable Sodium Metal‐Tellurium/Carbon Nanorods Batteries
journal, November 2019

  • Wang, Hui; Tong, Zhongqiu; Yang, Rui
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 48
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201903046

Boosting Superior Lithium Storage Performance of Alloy‐Based Anode Materials via Ultraconformal Sb Coating–Derived Favorable Solid‐Electrolyte Interphase
journal, December 2019

  • Xiong, Bing‐Qing; Zhou, Xinwei; Xu, Gui‐Liang
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 10, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201903186

A Selection Rule for Hydrofluoroether Electrolyte Cosolvent: Establishing a Linear Free‐Energy Relationship in Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
journal, June 2019

  • Su, Chi‐Cheung; He, Meinan; Amine, Rachid
  • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 131, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1002/ange.201904240

Prospect of Sulfurized Pyrolyzed Poly(acrylonitrile) (S@pPAN) Cathode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, February 2020


A Selection Rule for Hydrofluoroether Electrolyte Cosolvent: Establishing a Linear Free-Energy Relationship in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
journal, June 2019

  • Su, Chi-Cheung; He, Meinan; Amine, Rachid
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201904240

Prospect of Sulfurized Pyrolyzed Poly(acrylonitrile) (S@pPAN) Cathode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, February 2020

  • Yang, Huijun; Chen, Jiahang; Yang, Jun
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 59, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201913540

Nonuniform Redistribution of Sulfur and Lithium upon Cycling: Probing the Origin of Capacity Fading in Lithium–Sulfur Pouch Cells
journal, April 2019


Factors of Kinetics Processes in Lithium–Sulfur Reactions
journal, May 2019


Polysulfide Shuttle Suppression by Electrolytes with Low‐Density for High‐Energy Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
journal, May 2019

  • Weller, Christine; Pampel, Jonas; Dörfler, Susanne
  • Energy Technology, Vol. 7, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/ente.201900625

Dual‐Function, Tunable, Nitrogen‐Doped Carbon for High‐Performance Li Metal–Sulfur Full Cell
journal, January 2019


Key Aspects of Lithium Metal Anodes for Lithium Metal Batteries
journal, March 2019


Dictating High‐Capacity Lithium–Sulfur Batteries through Redox‐Mediated Lithium Sulfide Growth
journal, June 2019


Ether-compatible sulfurized polyacrylonitrile cathode with excellent performance enabled by fast kinetics via selenium doping
journal, March 2019


Lithiophilic montmorillonite serves as lithium ion reservoir to facilitate uniform lithium deposition
journal, October 2019


Strong charge polarization effect enabled by surface oxidized titanium nitride for lithium-sulfur batteries
journal, June 2019


The potential of electrolyte filled MOF membranes as ionic sieves in rechargeable batteries
journal, January 2019

  • He, Yibo; Qiao, Yu; Chang, Zhi
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 12, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8ee03651a

Building a cycle-stable sulphur cathode by tailoring its redox reaction into a solid-phase conversion mechanism
journal, January 2018

  • He, Feng; Wu, Xiangjiang; Qian, Jiangfeng
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta08159j

An artificial solid interphase with polymers of intrinsic microporosity for highly stable Li metal anodes
journal, January 2019

  • Moon, Gi Hyeon; Kim, Hyun Jong; Chae, Il Seok
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 55, Issue 44
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9cc01329f

Visualization of regulated nucleation and growth of lithium sulfides for high energy lithium sulfur batteries
journal, January 2019

  • Xu, Zheng-Long; Kim, Sung Joo; Chang, Donghee
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 12, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ee01338e

Machine learning a bond order potential model to study thermal transport in WSe 2 nanostructures
journal, January 2019

  • Chan, Henry; Sasikumar, Kiran; Srinivasan, Srilok
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 11, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9nr02873k

Recent advances in cathode materials for rechargeable lithium–sulfur batteries
journal, January 2019


A quasi-solid-state Li–S battery with high energy density, superior stability and safety
journal, January 2019

  • Cao, Yi; Zuo, Pengjian; Lou, Shuaifeng
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta00146h

Elucidating the reaction kinetics of lithium–sulfur batteries by operando XRD based on an open-hollow S@MnO 2 cathode
journal, January 2019

  • Huang, Shaozhuan; Liu, Lixiang; Wang, Ye
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta00199a

Akin solid–solid biphasic conversion of a Li–S battery achieved by coordinated carbonate electrolytes
journal, January 2019

  • Huang, Feifei; Gao, Lujie; Zou, Yiping
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta02877c

A 3D-printed ultra-high Se loading cathode for high energy density quasi-solid-state Li–Se batteries
journal, January 2020

  • Gao, Xuejie; Yang, Xiaofei; Wang, Sizhe
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta10623e

An atomic-confined-space separator for high performance lithium–sulfur batteries
journal, January 2020

  • Cui, Junya; Li, Zhenhua; Li, Jianbo
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 8, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta11250b

Enhancing the kinetics of lithium–sulfur batteries under solid-state conversion by using tellurium as a eutectic accelerator
journal, January 2020

  • Li, Shuping; Ma, Jingqi; Zeng, Ziqi
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 8, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta13191d

Synthesis of CoO nanocrystals decorated porous carbon nanotube microspheres as sulfur host for high performance Li/S batteries
journal, October 2019


Brush-structured sulfur–polyaniline–graphene composite as cathodes for lithium–sulfur batteries
journal, November 2019

  • Liu, Heguang; Jing, Ruixuan; You, Caiyin
  • MRS Communications, Vol. 9, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1557/mrc.2019.149

Factors of Kinetics Processes in Lithium–Sulfur Reactions
journal, December 2019