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Title: Strong Graphene 3D Assemblies with High Elastic Recovery and Hardness

Abstract

The rational design and construction of 3D graphene assemblies is a crucial step to extend the graphene properties for practical applications. In this work, a novel interfacially reactive self-assembling process is reported to prepare well-organized 3D honeycomb-like graphene assemblies with unique polygonal nanopores interconnected by silicon-oxygen chemical bonds. The newly developed silicate-bridged graphene assembly (SGA) exhibits an exceptionally high hardness of 13.09 GPa, outperforming all existing 3D graphene materials, while maintains high Young’s modulus (162.96 GPa), elastic recovery (75.27%), and superb thermal stability (600 °C in air). The observed unusual merits are resulted from unique pore structure combining the mechanical stability of the trihedral-nanopore structure and the deformability of the other polygonal nanopores. As a filling material, a merely 0.05% (w/w) addition of SGA could double the impact resistance of unsaturated resins (e.g., polyester). While SGA is attractive for various applications, including body armors, wearable electronics, space elevators, and multifunctional reinforcement fibers for automobiles, and aerospace vehicles, the novel liquid sodium-water interfacial reactive self-assembling developed in this study could open avenues for further development of various well-defined 3D assemblies from graphene and many other materials.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5]
  1. Wenzhou University, Zhejiang (China)
  2. Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States); University of New South Wales, Sydney (Australia)
  3. University of Windsor, Ontario (Canada)
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  5. Shihezi University, Xinjiang (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1472126
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1460903
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 30; Journal Issue: 36; Journal ID: ISSN 0935-9648
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; graphene assemblies; high elastic recovery; high hardness; mechanical properties; silicate-bridged

Citation Formats

Jin, Huile, Bu, Yongfeng, Li, Jun, Liu, Jianping, Fen, Xing, Dai, Liming, Wang, Jichang, Lu, Jun, and Wang, Shun. Strong Graphene 3D Assemblies with High Elastic Recovery and Hardness. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/adma.201707424.
Jin, Huile, Bu, Yongfeng, Li, Jun, Liu, Jianping, Fen, Xing, Dai, Liming, Wang, Jichang, Lu, Jun, & Wang, Shun. Strong Graphene 3D Assemblies with High Elastic Recovery and Hardness. United States. doi:10.1002/adma.201707424.
Jin, Huile, Bu, Yongfeng, Li, Jun, Liu, Jianping, Fen, Xing, Dai, Liming, Wang, Jichang, Lu, Jun, and Wang, Shun. Thu . "Strong Graphene 3D Assemblies with High Elastic Recovery and Hardness". United States. doi:10.1002/adma.201707424. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1472126.
@article{osti_1472126,
title = {Strong Graphene 3D Assemblies with High Elastic Recovery and Hardness},
author = {Jin, Huile and Bu, Yongfeng and Li, Jun and Liu, Jianping and Fen, Xing and Dai, Liming and Wang, Jichang and Lu, Jun and Wang, Shun},
abstractNote = {The rational design and construction of 3D graphene assemblies is a crucial step to extend the graphene properties for practical applications. In this work, a novel interfacially reactive self-assembling process is reported to prepare well-organized 3D honeycomb-like graphene assemblies with unique polygonal nanopores interconnected by silicon-oxygen chemical bonds. The newly developed silicate-bridged graphene assembly (SGA) exhibits an exceptionally high hardness of 13.09 GPa, outperforming all existing 3D graphene materials, while maintains high Young’s modulus (162.96 GPa), elastic recovery (75.27%), and superb thermal stability (600 °C in air). The observed unusual merits are resulted from unique pore structure combining the mechanical stability of the trihedral-nanopore structure and the deformability of the other polygonal nanopores. As a filling material, a merely 0.05% (w/w) addition of SGA could double the impact resistance of unsaturated resins (e.g., polyester). While SGA is attractive for various applications, including body armors, wearable electronics, space elevators, and multifunctional reinforcement fibers for automobiles, and aerospace vehicles, the novel liquid sodium-water interfacial reactive self-assembling developed in this study could open avenues for further development of various well-defined 3D assemblies from graphene and many other materials.},
doi = {10.1002/adma.201707424},
journal = {Advanced Materials},
number = 36,
volume = 30,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
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Cited by: 7 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Schematic illustrations of the experimental set-up and morphological characterization of SGAs dispersed on Si/SiO2 substrates. a) The formation of liquid sodium ball in the orthoxylene solvent with a tunable oil bath heating system (> 100 °C); b) the SGA formation mechanism at the liquid sodium-water interfacial (see text);more » c) a typical SEM image showing the flat flake-like SGAs as indicated by arrows; d,e) the magnified SEM image and the optical microscope photograph with the areas marked by red circles and blue triangles to indicate the 1- and 2-layered SGAs, respectively; f) the height profile of the cross section showing an average thickness of ~ 200 nm for a single-layer SGA.« less

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.