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Title: Plasma mass separation

Abstract

Here, this tutorial describes mechanisms for separating ions in a plasma device with respect to their atomic or molecular mass for practical applications. The focus here is not on separating isotopes of a single atomic species but rather on systems with a much lower mass resolution and a higher throughput. These separation mechanisms include ion gyro-orbit separation, drift-orbit separation, vacuum arc centrifugation, steady-state rotating plasmas, and several other geometries. Generic physics issues are discussed such as the ion charge state, neutrals and molecules, collisions, radiation loss, and electric fields and fluctuations. Generic technology issues are also discussed such as plasma sources and ion heating, and suggestions are made for future research.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  2. Univ. de Toulouse, Toulouse (France)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1472074
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02–09CH11466
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Zweben, S. J., Gueroult, R., and Fisch, N. J. Plasma mass separation. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5042845.
Zweben, S. J., Gueroult, R., & Fisch, N. J. Plasma mass separation. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5042845.
Zweben, S. J., Gueroult, R., and Fisch, N. J. Wed . "Plasma mass separation". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5042845. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1472074.
@article{osti_1472074,
title = {Plasma mass separation},
author = {Zweben, S. J. and Gueroult, R. and Fisch, N. J.},
abstractNote = {Here, this tutorial describes mechanisms for separating ions in a plasma device with respect to their atomic or molecular mass for practical applications. The focus here is not on separating isotopes of a single atomic species but rather on systems with a much lower mass resolution and a higher throughput. These separation mechanisms include ion gyro-orbit separation, drift-orbit separation, vacuum arc centrifugation, steady-state rotating plasmas, and several other geometries. Generic physics issues are discussed such as the ion charge state, neutrals and molecules, collisions, radiation loss, and electric fields and fluctuations. Generic technology issues are also discussed such as plasma sources and ion heating, and suggestions are made for future research.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5042845},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 9,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 4 works
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