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Title: Investigations into the Reusability of Amidoxime-Based Polymeric Adsorbents for Seawater Uranium Extraction

Abstract

The ability to reuse amidoxime-based polymeric adsorbents is a critical component in reducing the overall cost of the technology to extract uranium from seawater. This paper describes an evaluation of adsorbent reusability in multiple reuse (adsorption/stripping) cycles in real seawater exposures with potassium bicarbonate (KHCO 3) elution using several amidoxime-based polymeric adsorbents. The KHCO 3 elution technique achieved ~100% recovery of uranium adsorption capacity in the first reuse. Subsequent reuses showed significant drops in adsorption capacity. After the fourth reuse with the ORNL AI8 adsorbent, the 56-day adsorption capacity dropped to 28% of its original capacity. FTIR spectra revealed that there was a conversion of the amidoxime ligands to carboxylate groups during extended seawater exposure, becoming more significant with longer exposure times. Ca and Mg adsorption capacities also increased with each reuse cycle supporting the hypothesis that long-term exposure resulted in converting amidoxime to carboxylate, enhancing the adsorption of Ca and Mg. Shorter seawater exposure (adsorption/stripping) cycles (28 vs 42 days) had higher adsorption capacities after reuse, but the shorter exposure cycle time did not produce an overall better performance in terms of cumulative exposure time. Recovery of uranium capacity in reuses may also vary across different adsorbent formulations. Throughmore » multiple reuses, the AI8 adsorbent can harvest 10 g uranium/kg adsorbent in ~140 days, using a 28-day adsorption/stripping cycle, a performance much better than would be achieved with a single use of the adsorbent through a very long-term exposure (saturation capacity of 7.4 g U/kg adsorbent). A time dependent seawater exposure model to evaluate the cost associated with reusing amidoxime-based adsorbents in real seawater exposures was developed. The predicted cost to extract uranium from seawater ranged from $610/kg U to 830/kg U. Finally, model simulation suggests that a short seawater exposure cycle (<15 days) is the optimal deployment period for lower uranium production cost in seawater uranium mining.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1];  [4];  [4]; ORCiD logo [4];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Sequim, WA (United States). Marine Sciences Lab.
  2. Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  3. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Nuclear and Radiation Engineering Program
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Sequim, WA (United States); Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), Fuel Cycle Technologies (NE-5)
OSTI Identifier:
1471881
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 40; Journal ID: ISSN 0888-5885
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Kuo, Li-Jung, Pan, Horng-Bin, Wai, Chien M., Byers, Margaret F., Schneider, Erich, Strivens, Jonathan E., Janke, Christopher J., Das, Sadananda, Mayes, Richard T., Wood, Jordana R., Schlafer, Nicholas, and Gill, Gary A. Investigations into the Reusability of Amidoxime-Based Polymeric Adsorbents for Seawater Uranium Extraction. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.7b02893.
Kuo, Li-Jung, Pan, Horng-Bin, Wai, Chien M., Byers, Margaret F., Schneider, Erich, Strivens, Jonathan E., Janke, Christopher J., Das, Sadananda, Mayes, Richard T., Wood, Jordana R., Schlafer, Nicholas, & Gill, Gary A. Investigations into the Reusability of Amidoxime-Based Polymeric Adsorbents for Seawater Uranium Extraction. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.7b02893.
Kuo, Li-Jung, Pan, Horng-Bin, Wai, Chien M., Byers, Margaret F., Schneider, Erich, Strivens, Jonathan E., Janke, Christopher J., Das, Sadananda, Mayes, Richard T., Wood, Jordana R., Schlafer, Nicholas, and Gill, Gary A. Wed . "Investigations into the Reusability of Amidoxime-Based Polymeric Adsorbents for Seawater Uranium Extraction". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.7b02893. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1471881.
@article{osti_1471881,
title = {Investigations into the Reusability of Amidoxime-Based Polymeric Adsorbents for Seawater Uranium Extraction},
author = {Kuo, Li-Jung and Pan, Horng-Bin and Wai, Chien M. and Byers, Margaret F. and Schneider, Erich and Strivens, Jonathan E. and Janke, Christopher J. and Das, Sadananda and Mayes, Richard T. and Wood, Jordana R. and Schlafer, Nicholas and Gill, Gary A.},
abstractNote = {The ability to reuse amidoxime-based polymeric adsorbents is a critical component in reducing the overall cost of the technology to extract uranium from seawater. This paper describes an evaluation of adsorbent reusability in multiple reuse (adsorption/stripping) cycles in real seawater exposures with potassium bicarbonate (KHCO3) elution using several amidoxime-based polymeric adsorbents. The KHCO3 elution technique achieved ~100% recovery of uranium adsorption capacity in the first reuse. Subsequent reuses showed significant drops in adsorption capacity. After the fourth reuse with the ORNL AI8 adsorbent, the 56-day adsorption capacity dropped to 28% of its original capacity. FTIR spectra revealed that there was a conversion of the amidoxime ligands to carboxylate groups during extended seawater exposure, becoming more significant with longer exposure times. Ca and Mg adsorption capacities also increased with each reuse cycle supporting the hypothesis that long-term exposure resulted in converting amidoxime to carboxylate, enhancing the adsorption of Ca and Mg. Shorter seawater exposure (adsorption/stripping) cycles (28 vs 42 days) had higher adsorption capacities after reuse, but the shorter exposure cycle time did not produce an overall better performance in terms of cumulative exposure time. Recovery of uranium capacity in reuses may also vary across different adsorbent formulations. Through multiple reuses, the AI8 adsorbent can harvest 10 g uranium/kg adsorbent in ~140 days, using a 28-day adsorption/stripping cycle, a performance much better than would be achieved with a single use of the adsorbent through a very long-term exposure (saturation capacity of 7.4 g U/kg adsorbent). A time dependent seawater exposure model to evaluate the cost associated with reusing amidoxime-based adsorbents in real seawater exposures was developed. The predicted cost to extract uranium from seawater ranged from $610/kg U to 830/kg U. Finally, model simulation suggests that a short seawater exposure cycle (<15 days) is the optimal deployment period for lower uranium production cost in seawater uranium mining.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.iecr.7b02893},
journal = {Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research},
number = 40,
volume = 56,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

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Works referencing / citing this record:

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