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Title: Glassy Dynamics in a heavy ion irradiated NbSe 2 crystal

Abstract

Fascination with glassy states has persisted since Fisher introduced the vortex-glass as a new thermodynamic phase that is a true superconductor that lacks conventional long-range order. Though Fisher’s original model considered point disorder, it was later predicted that columnar defects (CDs) could also induce glassiness — specifically, a Bose-glass phase. In YBa 2Cu 3O 7–x (YBCO), glassy states can cause distinct behavior in the temperature (T) dependent rate of thermally activated vortex motion (S). The vortex-glass state produces a plateau in S(T) whereas a Bose-glass can transition into a state hosting vortex excitations called double-kinks that can expand, creating a large peak in S(T). Although glass phases have been well-studied in YBCO, few studies exist of other materials containing CDs that could contribute to distinguishing universal behavior. Here, we report on the effectiveness of CDs tilted ~30° from the c-axis in reducing S in a NbSe 2 crystal. The magnetization is 5 times higher and S is minimized when the field is parallel to the defects versus aligned with the c-axis. We see signatures of glassiness in both field orientations, but do not observe a peak in S(T) nor a plateau at values observed in YBCO. Lastly, we discuss themore » possibility that competing disorder induces a field-orientation-driven transition from a Bose-glass to an anisotropic glass involving both point and columnar disorder.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  4. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Emergent Superconductivity (CES); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1471362
Report Number(s):
[LA-UR-18-22335]
[Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322]
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC52-06NA25396]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 1]; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Material Science; Superconductivity, NbSe(2), vortex matter, vortex dynamics

Citation Formats

Eley, Serena Merteen, Khilstrom, Karen, Fotovat, R., Xiao, Z. L., Chen, Aiping, Chen, Di, Leroux, Maxime, Welp, Ulrich, Kwok, Wai -Kwong, and Civale, Leonardo. Glassy Dynamics in a heavy ion irradiated NbSe2 crystal. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-31203-0.
Eley, Serena Merteen, Khilstrom, Karen, Fotovat, R., Xiao, Z. L., Chen, Aiping, Chen, Di, Leroux, Maxime, Welp, Ulrich, Kwok, Wai -Kwong, & Civale, Leonardo. Glassy Dynamics in a heavy ion irradiated NbSe2 crystal. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-31203-0.
Eley, Serena Merteen, Khilstrom, Karen, Fotovat, R., Xiao, Z. L., Chen, Aiping, Chen, Di, Leroux, Maxime, Welp, Ulrich, Kwok, Wai -Kwong, and Civale, Leonardo. Mon . "Glassy Dynamics in a heavy ion irradiated NbSe2 crystal". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-31203-0. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1471362.
@article{osti_1471362,
title = {Glassy Dynamics in a heavy ion irradiated NbSe2 crystal},
author = {Eley, Serena Merteen and Khilstrom, Karen and Fotovat, R. and Xiao, Z. L. and Chen, Aiping and Chen, Di and Leroux, Maxime and Welp, Ulrich and Kwok, Wai -Kwong and Civale, Leonardo},
abstractNote = {Fascination with glassy states has persisted since Fisher introduced the vortex-glass as a new thermodynamic phase that is a true superconductor that lacks conventional long-range order. Though Fisher’s original model considered point disorder, it was later predicted that columnar defects (CDs) could also induce glassiness — specifically, a Bose-glass phase. In YBa2Cu3O7–x (YBCO), glassy states can cause distinct behavior in the temperature (T) dependent rate of thermally activated vortex motion (S). The vortex-glass state produces a plateau in S(T) whereas a Bose-glass can transition into a state hosting vortex excitations called double-kinks that can expand, creating a large peak in S(T). Although glass phases have been well-studied in YBCO, few studies exist of other materials containing CDs that could contribute to distinguishing universal behavior. Here, we report on the effectiveness of CDs tilted ~30° from the c-axis in reducing S in a NbSe2 crystal. The magnetization is 5 times higher and S is minimized when the field is parallel to the defects versus aligned with the c-axis. We see signatures of glassiness in both field orientations, but do not observe a peak in S(T) nor a plateau at values observed in YBCO. Lastly, we discuss the possibility that competing disorder induces a field-orientation-driven transition from a Bose-glass to an anisotropic glass involving both point and columnar disorder.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-018-31203-0},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = [1],
volume = [8],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

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