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Title: Fate of Bisphenol A in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments

We report that bisphenol A (2,2-bis[4-hydroxyphenyl]propane, BPA), the monomer used to produce polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resins, is weakly estrogenic and therefore of environmental and human health interest. Due to the high production volumes and disposal of products made from BPA, polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resins, BPA has entered terrestrial and aquatic environments. In the presence of oxygen, diverse taxa of bacteria, fungi, algae and even higher plants metabolize BPA, but anaerobic microbial degradation has not been documented. Recent reports demonstrated that abiotic processes mediate BPA transformation and mineralization in the absence of oxygen, indicating that BPA is susceptible to degradation under anoxic conditions. Lastly, this review summarizes biological and nonbiological processes that lead to BPA transformation and degradation, and identifies research needs to advance predictive understanding of the longevity of BPA and its transformation products in environmental systems.
Authors:
 [1] ; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States). Department of Microbiology
  2. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Center for Environmental Biotechnology, Department of Microbiology and Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). University of Tennessee and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (UT-ORNL) Joint Institute for Biological Sciences (JIBS) and Biosciences Division
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Environmental Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 50; Journal Issue: 16; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-936X
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1470902

Im, Jeongdae, and Löffler, Frank E. Fate of Bisphenol A in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b00877.
Im, Jeongdae, & Löffler, Frank E. Fate of Bisphenol A in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b00877.
Im, Jeongdae, and Löffler, Frank E. 2016. "Fate of Bisphenol A in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b00877. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1470902.
@article{osti_1470902,
title = {Fate of Bisphenol A in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments},
author = {Im, Jeongdae and Löffler, Frank E.},
abstractNote = {We report that bisphenol A (2,2-bis[4-hydroxyphenyl]propane, BPA), the monomer used to produce polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resins, is weakly estrogenic and therefore of environmental and human health interest. Due to the high production volumes and disposal of products made from BPA, polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resins, BPA has entered terrestrial and aquatic environments. In the presence of oxygen, diverse taxa of bacteria, fungi, algae and even higher plants metabolize BPA, but anaerobic microbial degradation has not been documented. Recent reports demonstrated that abiotic processes mediate BPA transformation and mineralization in the absence of oxygen, indicating that BPA is susceptible to degradation under anoxic conditions. Lastly, this review summarizes biological and nonbiological processes that lead to BPA transformation and degradation, and identifies research needs to advance predictive understanding of the longevity of BPA and its transformation products in environmental systems.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.est.6b00877},
journal = {Environmental Science and Technology},
number = 16,
volume = 50,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {7}
}