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Title: Intrinsic rotation drive by collisionless trapped electron mode turbulence

For this work, both the parallel residual stress and parallel turbulent acceleration driven by electrostatic collisionless trapped electron mode (CTEM) turbulence are calculated analytically using gyrokinetic theory. Quasilinear results show that the parallel residual stress contributes an outward flux of co-current rotation for normal magnetic shear and turbulence intensity profile increasing outward. This may induce intrinsic counter-current rotation or flattening of the co-current rotation profile. The parallel turbulent acceleration driven by CTEM turbulence vanishes, due to the absence of a phase shift between density fluctuation and ion pressure fluctuation. This is different from the case of ion temperature gradient turbulence, for which the turbulent acceleration can provide co-current drive for normal magnetic shear and turbulence intensity profile increasing outward. Its order of magnitude is predicted to be the same as that of the divergence of the residual stress [L. Wang and P. H. Diamond, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265006 (2013)]. A possible connection of these theoretical results to experimental observations of electron cyclotron heating effects on toroidal rotation is discussed.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China). State Key Lab. of Advanced Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology and School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  2. Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States). Center for Momentum Transport and Flow Organization and Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-04ER54738; 11305071; 2013GB112002
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 23; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) (China)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; gyrokinetic simulations; plasma confinement; plasma heating; tokamaks; Newtonian mechanics; electric dipole moments; leptons; turbulence simulations; plasma instabilities; quasilinear theory
OSTI Identifier:
1470761
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1249679

Wang, Lu, Peng, Shuitao, and Diamond, P. H.. Intrinsic rotation drive by collisionless trapped electron mode turbulence. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1063/1.4947206.
Wang, Lu, Peng, Shuitao, & Diamond, P. H.. Intrinsic rotation drive by collisionless trapped electron mode turbulence. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4947206.
Wang, Lu, Peng, Shuitao, and Diamond, P. H.. 2016. "Intrinsic rotation drive by collisionless trapped electron mode turbulence". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4947206. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1470761.
@article{osti_1470761,
title = {Intrinsic rotation drive by collisionless trapped electron mode turbulence},
author = {Wang, Lu and Peng, Shuitao and Diamond, P. H.},
abstractNote = {For this work, both the parallel residual stress and parallel turbulent acceleration driven by electrostatic collisionless trapped electron mode (CTEM) turbulence are calculated analytically using gyrokinetic theory. Quasilinear results show that the parallel residual stress contributes an outward flux of co-current rotation for normal magnetic shear and turbulence intensity profile increasing outward. This may induce intrinsic counter-current rotation or flattening of the co-current rotation profile. The parallel turbulent acceleration driven by CTEM turbulence vanishes, due to the absence of a phase shift between density fluctuation and ion pressure fluctuation. This is different from the case of ion temperature gradient turbulence, for which the turbulent acceleration can provide co-current drive for normal magnetic shear and turbulence intensity profile increasing outward. Its order of magnitude is predicted to be the same as that of the divergence of the residual stress [L. Wang and P. H. Diamond, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265006 (2013)]. A possible connection of these theoretical results to experimental observations of electron cyclotron heating effects on toroidal rotation is discussed.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4947206},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 4,
volume = 23,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {4}
}