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Title: Accelerated Evolution of Surface Chemistry Determined by Temperature and Cycling History in Nickel-Rich Layered Cathode Materials

Abstract

Nickel-rich layered cathode materials have the potential to enable cheaper and higher energy lithium ion batteries. However, these materials face major challenges (e.g., surface reconstruction, microcracking, potential oxygen evolution) that can hinder the safety and cycle life of lithium ion batteries. Many studies of nickel-rich materials have focused on ways to improve performance. Understanding the effects of temperature and cycling on the chemical and structural transformations is essential to assess the performance and suitability of these materials for practical battery applications. This study is focused on the spectroscopic analysis of surface changes within a strong performing LiNi0.8Mn0.1Co0.1O2 (NMC811) cathode material. We found that surface chemical and structural transformations (e.g., gradient metal reduction, oxygen loss, reconstruction, dissolution) occurred quicker and deeper than expected at higher temperatures. Even at lower temperatures, the degradation occurred rapidly and eventually matched the degradation at high temperatures. Despite these transformations, our performance results showed that a better performing nickel-rich NMC is possible. Establishing relationships between the atomic, structural, chemical, and physical properties of cathode materials and their behavior during cycling, as we have done here for NMC811, opens the possibility of developing lithium ion batteries with higher performance and longer life. Finally, our study also suggestsmore » that a separate, systematic, and elaborate study of surface chemistry is necessary for each NMC composition and electrolyte environment.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  2. Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States). Dept. of Geosciences
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)
  4. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1470747
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 28; Journal ID: ISSN 1944-8244
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; layered oxide cathode; nickel rich; phase transformation; surface chemistry; temperature

Citation Formats

Steiner, James D., Mu, Linqin, Walsh, Julia, Rahman, Muhammad Mominur, Zydlewski, Benjamin, Michel, F. Marc, Xin, Huolin L., Nordlund, Dennis, and Lin, Feng. Accelerated Evolution of Surface Chemistry Determined by Temperature and Cycling History in Nickel-Rich Layered Cathode Materials. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.8b06399.
Steiner, James D., Mu, Linqin, Walsh, Julia, Rahman, Muhammad Mominur, Zydlewski, Benjamin, Michel, F. Marc, Xin, Huolin L., Nordlund, Dennis, & Lin, Feng. Accelerated Evolution of Surface Chemistry Determined by Temperature and Cycling History in Nickel-Rich Layered Cathode Materials. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.8b06399
Steiner, James D., Mu, Linqin, Walsh, Julia, Rahman, Muhammad Mominur, Zydlewski, Benjamin, Michel, F. Marc, Xin, Huolin L., Nordlund, Dennis, and Lin, Feng. Tue . "Accelerated Evolution of Surface Chemistry Determined by Temperature and Cycling History in Nickel-Rich Layered Cathode Materials". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.8b06399. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1470747.
@article{osti_1470747,
title = {Accelerated Evolution of Surface Chemistry Determined by Temperature and Cycling History in Nickel-Rich Layered Cathode Materials},
author = {Steiner, James D. and Mu, Linqin and Walsh, Julia and Rahman, Muhammad Mominur and Zydlewski, Benjamin and Michel, F. Marc and Xin, Huolin L. and Nordlund, Dennis and Lin, Feng},
abstractNote = {Nickel-rich layered cathode materials have the potential to enable cheaper and higher energy lithium ion batteries. However, these materials face major challenges (e.g., surface reconstruction, microcracking, potential oxygen evolution) that can hinder the safety and cycle life of lithium ion batteries. Many studies of nickel-rich materials have focused on ways to improve performance. Understanding the effects of temperature and cycling on the chemical and structural transformations is essential to assess the performance and suitability of these materials for practical battery applications. This study is focused on the spectroscopic analysis of surface changes within a strong performing LiNi0.8Mn0.1Co0.1O2 (NMC811) cathode material. We found that surface chemical and structural transformations (e.g., gradient metal reduction, oxygen loss, reconstruction, dissolution) occurred quicker and deeper than expected at higher temperatures. Even at lower temperatures, the degradation occurred rapidly and eventually matched the degradation at high temperatures. Despite these transformations, our performance results showed that a better performing nickel-rich NMC is possible. Establishing relationships between the atomic, structural, chemical, and physical properties of cathode materials and their behavior during cycling, as we have done here for NMC811, opens the possibility of developing lithium ion batteries with higher performance and longer life. Finally, our study also suggests that a separate, systematic, and elaborate study of surface chemistry is necessary for each NMC composition and electrolyte environment.},
doi = {10.1021/acsami.8b06399},
journal = {ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces},
number = 28,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

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Cited by: 7 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: (a) SEM image of pristine NMC811 powder, (b) TEM image of pristine NMC811, (c) XRD pattern of pristine NMC811 powder, and (d) surface sensitive soft XAS spectra of pristine NMC811 electrode in the TEY mode (O K-edge, Mn L3-edge, Co L3-edge, and Ni L3-edge).

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

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    Enhanced Electrochemical Properties of LiNi 0.8 Co 0.1 Mn 0.1 O 2 at Elevated Temperature by Simultaneous Structure and Interface Regulating
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