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Title: A rapid method to extract Seebeck coefficient under a large temperature difference

Abstract

The Seebeck coefficient is one of the three important properties in thermoelectric materials. Since thermoelectric materials usually work under large temperature difference in real applications, we propose a quasi-steady state method to accurately measure the Seebeck coefficient under large temperature gradient. Compared to other methods, this method is not only highly accurate but also less time consuming. It can measure the Seebeck coefficient in both the temperature heating up and cooling down processes. In this work, a Zintl material (Mg 3.15Nb 0.05Sb 1.5Bi 0.49Te 0.01) was tested to extract the Seebeck coefficient from room temperature to 573 K. Compared with a commercialized Seebeck coefficient measurement device (ZEM-3), there is ±5% difference between those from ZEM-3 and this method.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Houston, TX (United States). Dept. of Physics and The Texas Center for Superconductivity; Univ. of Houston, TX (United States). Materials Science and Engineering Program
  2. Univ. of South Alabama, Mobile, AL (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
  3. Univ. of Houston, TX (United States). Dept. of Physics and The Texas Center for Superconductivity
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion Center (S3TEC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1470531
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1395380
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001299; FG02-09ER46577
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 88; Journal Issue: 9; Related Information: S3TEC partners with Massachusetts Institute of Technology (lead); Boston College; Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; solar (photovoltaic); solar (thermal); solid state lighting; phonons; thermal conductivity; thermoelectric; defects; mechanical behavior; charge transport; spin dynamics; materials and chemistry by design; optics; synthesis (novel materials); synthesis (self-assembly); synthesis (scalable processing)

Citation Formats

Zhu, Qing, Kim, Hee Seok, and Ren, Zhifeng. A rapid method to extract Seebeck coefficient under a large temperature difference. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4986965.
Zhu, Qing, Kim, Hee Seok, & Ren, Zhifeng. A rapid method to extract Seebeck coefficient under a large temperature difference. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4986965.
Zhu, Qing, Kim, Hee Seok, and Ren, Zhifeng. Thu . "A rapid method to extract Seebeck coefficient under a large temperature difference". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4986965. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1470531.
@article{osti_1470531,
title = {A rapid method to extract Seebeck coefficient under a large temperature difference},
author = {Zhu, Qing and Kim, Hee Seok and Ren, Zhifeng},
abstractNote = {The Seebeck coefficient is one of the three important properties in thermoelectric materials. Since thermoelectric materials usually work under large temperature difference in real applications, we propose a quasi-steady state method to accurately measure the Seebeck coefficient under large temperature gradient. Compared to other methods, this method is not only highly accurate but also less time consuming. It can measure the Seebeck coefficient in both the temperature heating up and cooling down processes. In this work, a Zintl material (Mg3.15Nb0.05Sb1.5Bi0.49Te0.01) was tested to extract the Seebeck coefficient from room temperature to 573 K. Compared with a commercialized Seebeck coefficient measurement device (ZEM-3), there is ±5% difference between those from ZEM-3 and this method.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4986965},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 9,
volume = 88,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
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Cited by: 3 works
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