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Title: Exceptional energy and new insight with a sodium–selenium battery based on a carbon nanosheet cathode and a pseudographite anode

Abstract

We created a unique sodium ion battery (NIB, SIB) cathode based on selenium in cellulose-derived carbon nanosheets (CCNs), termed Se-CCN. The elastically compliant two-dimensional CCN host incorporates a high mass loading of amorphous Se (53 wt%), which is primarily impregnated into 1 cm 3 g -1 nanopores. The results in facile sodiation kinetics due to short solid-state diffusion distances and a large charge transfer area of the nanosheets were established. The architecture also leads to an intrinsic resistance to polyselenide shuttle and to disintegration/coarsening. As a Na half-cell, the Se-CCN cathode delivers a reversible capacity of 613 mA h g -1 with 88% retention over 500 cycles. The exceptional stability is achieved by using a standard electrolyte (1 M NaClO4 EC-DMC) without secondary additives or high salt concentrations. The rate capability is also superb, achieving 300 mA h g -1 at 10C. Compared to recent state-of-the-art literature, the Se-CCN is the most cyclically stable and offers the highest rate performance. As a Se–Na battery, the system achieves 992 W h kg -1 at 68 W kg -1 and 384 W h kg -1 at 10144 W kg -1 (by active mass in a cathode). We are the first to fabricatemore » and test a Se-based full NIB, which is based on Se-CCN coupled to a Na intercalating pseudographitic carbon (PGC) anode. It is demonstrated that the PGC anode increases its structural order in addition to dilating as a result of Na intercalation at voltages below 0.2 V vs. Na/Na+. The {110} Na reflections are distinctly absent from the XRD patterns of PGC sodiated down to 0.001 V, indicating that the Na metal pore filling is not significant for pseudographitic carbons. Lastly, the battery delivers highly promising Ragone chart characteristics, for example yielding 203 and 50 W h kg -1 at 70 and 14 000 W kg -1 (via total material mass in the anode and cathode).« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [5]
  1. Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, AB (Canada). Chemical and Materials Engineering; State Univ. of New York (SUNY), Binghamton, NY (United States). NorthEast Center for Chemical Energy Storage
  2. State Univ. of New York (SUNY), Binghamton, NY (United States). NorthEast Center for Chemical Energy Storage
  3. Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, AB (Canada). Chemical and Materials Engineering
  4. Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, AB (Canada). Alberta Center for Surface Engineering and Science (ACSES)
  5. Clarkson Univ., Potsdam, NY (United States). Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Northeastern Center for Chemical Energy Storage (NECCES)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1470247
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001294
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energy & Environmental Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 1; Related Information: NECCES partners with Stony Brook University (lead); Argonne National Laboratory; Binghamton University; Brookhaven National University; University of California, San Diego; University of Cambridge, UK; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Massachusetts Institute of Technology; University of Michigan; Rutgers University; Journal ID: ISSN 1754-5692
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; energy storage (including batteries and capacitors); defects; charge transport; materials and chemistry by design; synthesis (novel materials)

Citation Formats

Ding, Jia, Zhou, Hui, Zhang, Hanlei, Stephenson, Tyler, Li, Zhi, Karpuzov, Dimitre, and Mitlin, David. Exceptional energy and new insight with a sodium–selenium battery based on a carbon nanosheet cathode and a pseudographite anode. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1039/C6EE02274J.
Ding, Jia, Zhou, Hui, Zhang, Hanlei, Stephenson, Tyler, Li, Zhi, Karpuzov, Dimitre, & Mitlin, David. Exceptional energy and new insight with a sodium–selenium battery based on a carbon nanosheet cathode and a pseudographite anode. United States. doi:10.1039/C6EE02274J.
Ding, Jia, Zhou, Hui, Zhang, Hanlei, Stephenson, Tyler, Li, Zhi, Karpuzov, Dimitre, and Mitlin, David. Thu . "Exceptional energy and new insight with a sodium–selenium battery based on a carbon nanosheet cathode and a pseudographite anode". United States. doi:10.1039/C6EE02274J. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1470247.
@article{osti_1470247,
title = {Exceptional energy and new insight with a sodium–selenium battery based on a carbon nanosheet cathode and a pseudographite anode},
author = {Ding, Jia and Zhou, Hui and Zhang, Hanlei and Stephenson, Tyler and Li, Zhi and Karpuzov, Dimitre and Mitlin, David},
abstractNote = {We created a unique sodium ion battery (NIB, SIB) cathode based on selenium in cellulose-derived carbon nanosheets (CCNs), termed Se-CCN. The elastically compliant two-dimensional CCN host incorporates a high mass loading of amorphous Se (53 wt%), which is primarily impregnated into 1 cm3 g-1 nanopores. The results in facile sodiation kinetics due to short solid-state diffusion distances and a large charge transfer area of the nanosheets were established. The architecture also leads to an intrinsic resistance to polyselenide shuttle and to disintegration/coarsening. As a Na half-cell, the Se-CCN cathode delivers a reversible capacity of 613 mA h g-1 with 88% retention over 500 cycles. The exceptional stability is achieved by using a standard electrolyte (1 M NaClO4 EC-DMC) without secondary additives or high salt concentrations. The rate capability is also superb, achieving 300 mA h g-1 at 10C. Compared to recent state-of-the-art literature, the Se-CCN is the most cyclically stable and offers the highest rate performance. As a Se–Na battery, the system achieves 992 W h kg-1 at 68 W kg-1 and 384 W h kg-1 at 10144 W kg-1 (by active mass in a cathode). We are the first to fabricate and test a Se-based full NIB, which is based on Se-CCN coupled to a Na intercalating pseudographitic carbon (PGC) anode. It is demonstrated that the PGC anode increases its structural order in addition to dilating as a result of Na intercalation at voltages below 0.2 V vs. Na/Na+. The {110} Na reflections are distinctly absent from the XRD patterns of PGC sodiated down to 0.001 V, indicating that the Na metal pore filling is not significant for pseudographitic carbons. Lastly, the battery delivers highly promising Ragone chart characteristics, for example yielding 203 and 50 W h kg-1 at 70 and 14 000 W kg-1 (via total material mass in the anode and cathode).},
doi = {10.1039/C6EE02274J},
journal = {Energy & Environmental Science},
number = 1,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {9}
}

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