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Title: The Effect of Voltage Charging on the Transport Properties of Gold Nanotube Membranes

Abstract

Porous membranes are typically used in chemical separations and in many electrochemical processes and devices. Research on the transport properties of a unique class of porous membranes that contain monodisperse gold nanotubes traversing the entire membrane thickness is reviewed here. These gold nanotubes can act as conduits for ionic and molecular transports through the membrane. Because the tubes are electronically conductive, they can be electrochemically charged by applying a voltage to the membrane. How this “voltage charging” works with the transport properties of gold nanotube membranes is the subject of this Review. Experiments demonstrating that voltage charging can be used to reversibly switch the membrane between ideally cation- and anion-transporting states are reviewed. Voltage charging can also be used to enhance the ionic conductivity of gold nanotube membranes. Finally, voltage charging to accomplish electroporation of living bacteria as they pass through gold nanotube membranes is reviewed.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States). Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC) Nanostructures for Electrical Energy Storage (NEES)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1470235
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1418179
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001160; DESC0001160
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Small
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 18; Related Information: NEES partners with University of Maryland (lead); University of California, Irvine; University of Florida; Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sandia National Laboratories; Yale University; Journal ID: ISSN 1613-6810
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; electric field gradients; gold nanotube membranes; permselectivity; transport; voltage charging

Citation Formats

Experton, Juliette, and Martin, Charles R. The Effect of Voltage Charging on the Transport Properties of Gold Nanotube Membranes. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/smll.201703290.
Experton, Juliette, & Martin, Charles R. The Effect of Voltage Charging on the Transport Properties of Gold Nanotube Membranes. United States. doi:10.1002/smll.201703290.
Experton, Juliette, and Martin, Charles R. Fri . "The Effect of Voltage Charging on the Transport Properties of Gold Nanotube Membranes". United States. doi:10.1002/smll.201703290. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1470235.
@article{osti_1470235,
title = {The Effect of Voltage Charging on the Transport Properties of Gold Nanotube Membranes},
author = {Experton, Juliette and Martin, Charles R.},
abstractNote = {Porous membranes are typically used in chemical separations and in many electrochemical processes and devices. Research on the transport properties of a unique class of porous membranes that contain monodisperse gold nanotubes traversing the entire membrane thickness is reviewed here. These gold nanotubes can act as conduits for ionic and molecular transports through the membrane. Because the tubes are electronically conductive, they can be electrochemically charged by applying a voltage to the membrane. How this “voltage charging” works with the transport properties of gold nanotube membranes is the subject of this Review. Experiments demonstrating that voltage charging can be used to reversibly switch the membrane between ideally cation- and anion-transporting states are reviewed. Voltage charging can also be used to enhance the ionic conductivity of gold nanotube membranes. Finally, voltage charging to accomplish electroporation of living bacteria as they pass through gold nanotube membranes is reviewed.},
doi = {10.1002/smll.201703290},
journal = {Small},
number = 18,
volume = 14,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

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