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Title: Glucose Conversion to Furans in Alcohols Catalyzed by Lewis Acidic Beta Zeolites and Brønsted Acidic Resins

Abstract

Glucose was converted to 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural (HMF) and the potential biodiesel additives 5-(ethoxymethyl)furfural (EMF) and 5-(isopropoxymethyl)furfural (IMF) by Lewis acidic zeolites and Brønsted acidic resins. The conversion occured by sequential isomerization and dehydration reactions in semiaqueous mixtures containing ethanol or isopropanol. Sn-beta and Amberlyst® 15 catalyzed the conversion of glucose to HMF and IMF in 53% yield in isopropanol containing 7.5 weight % water. The yield of undetected byproducts including humins was 7%. The moderate yield is attributed to the increased selectivity of the isomerization reaction and the suppression of further reactions of HMF to byproducts such as levullinic acid, formic acid, and humins in the alcohols.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation (CCEI)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1470090
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1408534
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001004
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemistry Select
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 32; Related Information: CCEI partners with the University of Delaware (lead); Brookhaven National Laboratory; California Institute of Technology; Columbia University; University of Delaware; Lehigh University; University of Massachusetts, Amherst; Massachusetts Institute of Technology; University of Minnesota; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; University of Pennsylvania; Princeton University; Rutgers University; Journal ID: ISSN 2365-6549
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; catalysis (homogeneous); catalysis (heterogeneous); biofuels (including algae and biomass); bio-inspired; hydrogen and fuel cells; materials and chemistry by design; synthesis (novel materials); synthesis (self-assembly); synthesis (scalable processing)

Citation Formats

Mahmoud, Eyas. Glucose Conversion to Furans in Alcohols Catalyzed by Lewis Acidic Beta Zeolites and Brønsted Acidic Resins. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/slct.201701815.
Mahmoud, Eyas. Glucose Conversion to Furans in Alcohols Catalyzed by Lewis Acidic Beta Zeolites and Brønsted Acidic Resins. United States. doi:10.1002/slct.201701815.
Mahmoud, Eyas. Mon . "Glucose Conversion to Furans in Alcohols Catalyzed by Lewis Acidic Beta Zeolites and Brønsted Acidic Resins". United States. doi:10.1002/slct.201701815. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1470090.
@article{osti_1470090,
title = {Glucose Conversion to Furans in Alcohols Catalyzed by Lewis Acidic Beta Zeolites and Brønsted Acidic Resins},
author = {Mahmoud, Eyas},
abstractNote = {Glucose was converted to 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural (HMF) and the potential biodiesel additives 5-(ethoxymethyl)furfural (EMF) and 5-(isopropoxymethyl)furfural (IMF) by Lewis acidic zeolites and Brønsted acidic resins. The conversion occured by sequential isomerization and dehydration reactions in semiaqueous mixtures containing ethanol or isopropanol. Sn-beta and Amberlyst® 15 catalyzed the conversion of glucose to HMF and IMF in 53% yield in isopropanol containing 7.5 weight % water. The yield of undetected byproducts including humins was 7%. The moderate yield is attributed to the increased selectivity of the isomerization reaction and the suppression of further reactions of HMF to byproducts such as levullinic acid, formic acid, and humins in the alcohols.},
doi = {10.1002/slct.201701815},
journal = {Chemistry Select},
number = 32,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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