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Title: Strong-field optoelectronics in solids

Abstract

Here, perturbative optical nonlinearities induced by static electric fields have proven useful in visualizing dynamical function in systems including operating circuits, electric and magnetic domain walls, and biological matter, and in controlling light for applications in silicon photonics. Here, we extend field-induced second-harmonic generation to the non-perturbative regime. We demonstrate that static or transient fields up to terahertz (THz) frequencies applied to silicon and ZnO crystals generate even-order high harmonics. Images of the even harmonics confirm that static fields delivered with conventional electronics control the spatial properties of the high-harmonic emission. Extending our methodology to higher-harmonic photon energies paves the way for realizing active optics in the extreme ultraviolet and will allow imaging of operating electronic circuits, of Si-photonic devices and of other functional materials, with higher spatio-temporal resolution than perturbative methods. For THz spectroscopy, our method has the bandwidth to allow measurement of attosecond transients imprinted on THz waveforms.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [3];  [5]; ORCiD logo [5];  [5];  [5];  [6]
  1. Univ. of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON (Canada); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON (Canada)
  3. INRS-EMT, Varennes, QC (Canada)
  4. few-cycle Inc., Montreal, QC (Canada)
  5. National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON (Canada)
  6. Univ. of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON (Canada); National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON (Canada)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1469752
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Photonics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1749-4885
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Vampa, G., Hammond, T. J., Taucer, M., Ding, Xiaoyan, Ropagnol, X., Ozaki, T., Delprat, S., Chaker, M., Thiré, N., Schmidt, B. E., Légaré, F., Klug, D. D., Naumov, A. Yu., Villeneuve, D. M., Staudte, A., and Corkum, P. B. Strong-field optoelectronics in solids. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41566-018-0193-5.
Vampa, G., Hammond, T. J., Taucer, M., Ding, Xiaoyan, Ropagnol, X., Ozaki, T., Delprat, S., Chaker, M., Thiré, N., Schmidt, B. E., Légaré, F., Klug, D. D., Naumov, A. Yu., Villeneuve, D. M., Staudte, A., & Corkum, P. B. Strong-field optoelectronics in solids. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41566-018-0193-5
Vampa, G., Hammond, T. J., Taucer, M., Ding, Xiaoyan, Ropagnol, X., Ozaki, T., Delprat, S., Chaker, M., Thiré, N., Schmidt, B. E., Légaré, F., Klug, D. D., Naumov, A. Yu., Villeneuve, D. M., Staudte, A., and Corkum, P. B. Mon . "Strong-field optoelectronics in solids". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41566-018-0193-5. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1469752.
@article{osti_1469752,
title = {Strong-field optoelectronics in solids},
author = {Vampa, G. and Hammond, T. J. and Taucer, M. and Ding, Xiaoyan and Ropagnol, X. and Ozaki, T. and Delprat, S. and Chaker, M. and Thiré, N. and Schmidt, B. E. and Légaré, F. and Klug, D. D. and Naumov, A. Yu. and Villeneuve, D. M. and Staudte, A. and Corkum, P. B.},
abstractNote = {Here, perturbative optical nonlinearities induced by static electric fields have proven useful in visualizing dynamical function in systems including operating circuits, electric and magnetic domain walls, and biological matter, and in controlling light for applications in silicon photonics. Here, we extend field-induced second-harmonic generation to the non-perturbative regime. We demonstrate that static or transient fields up to terahertz (THz) frequencies applied to silicon and ZnO crystals generate even-order high harmonics. Images of the even harmonics confirm that static fields delivered with conventional electronics control the spatial properties of the high-harmonic emission. Extending our methodology to higher-harmonic photon energies paves the way for realizing active optics in the extreme ultraviolet and will allow imaging of operating electronic circuits, of Si-photonic devices and of other functional materials, with higher spatio-temporal resolution than perturbative methods. For THz spectroscopy, our method has the bandwidth to allow measurement of attosecond transients imprinted on THz waveforms.},
doi = {10.1038/s41566-018-0193-5},
journal = {Nature Photonics},
number = 8,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

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Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: Breaking the symmetry with static fields. a,b, High-order even harmonics of a 2-μm driver are emitted from a ZnO (a) and a Si (b) crystal illuminated between two Au electrodes (40 μm apart for ZnO and 100 μm apart for Si). One electrode is grounded and the othermore » is biased to a 750-ns pulse (blue lines) at 316 V and 100 V, respectively, for ZnO and Si. The even-harmonic signal almost vanishes when the voltage is off (red lines). A weak residual even-harmonic signal from ZnO arises from contamination of the fundamental beam with a spurious second-harmonic field generated by the laser system. Each harmonic order is independently measured by a double-spectrometer (a CaF2 prism placed before a visible–ultraviolet spectrometer). The odd harmonics are unperturbed by the static field (not shown).« less

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Attosecond optoelectronic field measurement in solids
    journal, January 2020


    High-harmonic generation from solids
    journal, November 2018


    All semiconductor enhanced high-harmonic generation from a single nanostructured cone
    journal, April 2019


    Robustness of topologically sensitive harmonic generation in laser-driven linear chains
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    High-harmonic generation in Su-Schrieffer-Heeger chains
    journal, May 2019


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