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Title: Three-dimensional X-ray diffraction imaging of dislocations in polycrystalline metals under tensile loading

Abstract

The nucleation and propagation of dislocations is an ubiquitous process that accompanies the plastic deformation of materials. Consequently, following the first visualization of dislocations over 50 years ago with the advent of the first transmission electron microscopes, significant effort has been invested in tailoring material response through defect engineering and control. To accomplish this more effectively, the ability to identify and characterize defect structure and strain following external stimulus is vital. Here, using X-ray Bragg coherent diffraction imaging, we describe the first direct 3D X-ray imaging of the strain field surrounding a line defect within a grain of free-standing nanocrystalline material following tensile loading. By integrating the observed 3D structure into an atomistic model, we show that the measured strain field corresponds to a screw dislocation.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); LANL Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program; ANL Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program; Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRL); Argonne National Laboratory, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD); Argonne National Laboratory, Center for Nanoscale Materials
OSTI Identifier:
1469410
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1475362; OSTI ID: 1477502
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-28692
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723; 3776; PII: 6166
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nature Communications Journal Volume: 9 Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Coherent x-ray imaging; strain imaging

Citation Formats

Cherukara, Mathew J., Pokharel, Reeju, O’Leary, Timothy S., Baldwin, J. Kevin, Maxey, Evan, Cha, Wonsuk, Maser, Jorg, Harder, Ross J., Fensin, Saryu J., and Sandberg, Richard L. Three-dimensional X-ray diffraction imaging of dislocations in polycrystalline metals under tensile loading. United Kingdom: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-06166-5.
Cherukara, Mathew J., Pokharel, Reeju, O’Leary, Timothy S., Baldwin, J. Kevin, Maxey, Evan, Cha, Wonsuk, Maser, Jorg, Harder, Ross J., Fensin, Saryu J., & Sandberg, Richard L. Three-dimensional X-ray diffraction imaging of dislocations in polycrystalline metals under tensile loading. United Kingdom. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-06166-5.
Cherukara, Mathew J., Pokharel, Reeju, O’Leary, Timothy S., Baldwin, J. Kevin, Maxey, Evan, Cha, Wonsuk, Maser, Jorg, Harder, Ross J., Fensin, Saryu J., and Sandberg, Richard L. Mon . "Three-dimensional X-ray diffraction imaging of dislocations in polycrystalline metals under tensile loading". United Kingdom. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-06166-5.
@article{osti_1469410,
title = {Three-dimensional X-ray diffraction imaging of dislocations in polycrystalline metals under tensile loading},
author = {Cherukara, Mathew J. and Pokharel, Reeju and O’Leary, Timothy S. and Baldwin, J. Kevin and Maxey, Evan and Cha, Wonsuk and Maser, Jorg and Harder, Ross J. and Fensin, Saryu J. and Sandberg, Richard L.},
abstractNote = {The nucleation and propagation of dislocations is an ubiquitous process that accompanies the plastic deformation of materials. Consequently, following the first visualization of dislocations over 50 years ago with the advent of the first transmission electron microscopes, significant effort has been invested in tailoring material response through defect engineering and control. To accomplish this more effectively, the ability to identify and characterize defect structure and strain following external stimulus is vital. Here, using X-ray Bragg coherent diffraction imaging, we describe the first direct 3D X-ray imaging of the strain field surrounding a line defect within a grain of free-standing nanocrystalline material following tensile loading. By integrating the observed 3D structure into an atomistic model, we show that the measured strain field corresponds to a screw dislocation.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-018-06166-5},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-06166-5

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: Coherent X-ray diffraction imaging in Bragg geometry. Focused coherent X-ray pulses are incident on the polycrystalline Cu sample. Diffracted X-ray pulses are recorded in the far-field by an ASI Timepix detector. The three-dimensional speckle pattern at the (111) Bragg peak is recorded from 2-D diffraction slices obtained bymore » rocking the sample stage through small angles (~10)« less

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