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Title: The Search for Spatial Extension in High-latitude Sources Detected by the Fermi Large Area Telescope

Abstract

Here, we present a search for spatial extension in high-latitude ($$| b| \gt 5^\circ $$) sources in recent Fermi point source catalogs. The result is the Fermi High-Latitude Extended Sources Catalog, which provides source extensions (or upper limits thereof) and likelihood profiles for a suite of tested source morphologies. We find 24 extended sources, 19 of which were not previously characterized as extended. These include sources that are potentially associated with supernova remnants and star-forming regions. We also found extended γ-ray emission in the vicinity of the Cen A radio lobes and—at GeV energies for the first time—spatially coincident with the radio emission of the SNR CTA 1, as well as from the Crab Nebula. We also searched for halos around active galactic nuclei, which are predicted from electromagnetic cascades induced by the e + e pairs that are deflected in intergalactic magnetic fields. These pairs are produced when γ-rays interact with background radiation fields. We do not find evidence for extension in individual sources or in stacked source samples. This enables us to place limits on the flux of the extended source components, which are then used to constrain the intergalactic magnetic field to be stronger than 3 × 10 –16 G for a coherence length λ ≳ 10 kpc, even when conservative assumptions on the source duty cycle are made. This improves previous limits by several orders of magnitude.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
The Fermi-LAT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1468947
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal. Supplement Series (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal. Supplement Series (Online); Journal Volume: 237; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4365
Publisher:
American Astronomical Society/IOP
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Bellazzini, R., Bissaldi, E., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bonino, R., Bottacini, E., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Cameron, R. A., Caputo, R., Caraveo, P. A., Castro, D., Cavazzuti, E., Charles, E., Cheung, C. C., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Costantin, D., Cutini, S., D’Ammando, F., de Palma, F., Desai, A., Di Lalla, N., Di Mauro, M., Di Venere, L., Favuzzi, C., Finke, J., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Green, D., Grenier, I. A., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hays, E., Hewitt, J. W., Horan, D., Jóhannesson, G., Kensei, S., Kuss, M., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Li, J., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Magill, J. D., Maldera, S., Manfreda, A., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Meyer, M., Mizuno, T., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Negro, M., Nuss, E., Omodei, N., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Palatiello, M., Paliya, V. S., Paneque, D., Perkins, J. S., Persic, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Principe, G., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Rani, B., Razzaque, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Suson, D. J., Tajima, H., Thayer, J. B., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Valverde, J., Venters, T. M., Vogel, M., Wood, K., Wood, M., Zaharijas, G., and Biteau, J. The Search for Spatial Extension in High-latitude Sources Detected by the Fermi Large Area Telescope. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4365/aacdf7.
Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Bellazzini, R., Bissaldi, E., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bonino, R., Bottacini, E., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Cameron, R. A., Caputo, R., Caraveo, P. A., Castro, D., Cavazzuti, E., Charles, E., Cheung, C. C., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Costantin, D., Cutini, S., D’Ammando, F., de Palma, F., Desai, A., Di Lalla, N., Di Mauro, M., Di Venere, L., Favuzzi, C., Finke, J., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Green, D., Grenier, I. A., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hays, E., Hewitt, J. W., Horan, D., Jóhannesson, G., Kensei, S., Kuss, M., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Li, J., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Magill, J. D., Maldera, S., Manfreda, A., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Meyer, M., Mizuno, T., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Negro, M., Nuss, E., Omodei, N., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Palatiello, M., Paliya, V. S., Paneque, D., Perkins, J. S., Persic, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Principe, G., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Rani, B., Razzaque, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Suson, D. J., Tajima, H., Thayer, J. B., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Valverde, J., Venters, T. M., Vogel, M., Wood, K., Wood, M., Zaharijas, G., & Biteau, J. The Search for Spatial Extension in High-latitude Sources Detected by the Fermi Large Area Telescope. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4365/aacdf7.
Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Bellazzini, R., Bissaldi, E., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bonino, R., Bottacini, E., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Cameron, R. A., Caputo, R., Caraveo, P. A., Castro, D., Cavazzuti, E., Charles, E., Cheung, C. C., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Costantin, D., Cutini, S., D’Ammando, F., de Palma, F., Desai, A., Di Lalla, N., Di Mauro, M., Di Venere, L., Favuzzi, C., Finke, J., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Green, D., Grenier, I. A., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hays, E., Hewitt, J. W., Horan, D., Jóhannesson, G., Kensei, S., Kuss, M., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Li, J., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Magill, J. D., Maldera, S., Manfreda, A., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Meyer, M., Mizuno, T., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Negro, M., Nuss, E., Omodei, N., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Palatiello, M., Paliya, V. S., Paneque, D., Perkins, J. S., Persic, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Principe, G., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Rani, B., Razzaque, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Suson, D. J., Tajima, H., Thayer, J. B., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Valverde, J., Venters, T. M., Vogel, M., Wood, K., Wood, M., Zaharijas, G., and Biteau, J. Tue . "The Search for Spatial Extension in High-latitude Sources Detected by the Fermi Large Area Telescope". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4365/aacdf7. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1468947.
@article{osti_1468947,
title = {The Search for Spatial Extension in High-latitude Sources Detected by the Fermi Large Area Telescope},
author = {Ackermann, M. and Ajello, M. and Baldini, L. and Ballet, J. and Barbiellini, G. and Bastieri, D. and Bellazzini, R. and Bissaldi, E. and Blandford, R. D. and Bloom, E. D. and Bonino, R. and Bottacini, E. and Brandt, T. J. and Bregeon, J. and Bruel, P. and Buehler, R. and Cameron, R. A. and Caputo, R. and Caraveo, P. A. and Castro, D. and Cavazzuti, E. and Charles, E. and Cheung, C. C. and Chiaro, G. and Ciprini, S. and Cohen-Tanugi, J. and Costantin, D. and Cutini, S. and D’Ammando, F. and de Palma, F. and Desai, A. and Di Lalla, N. and Di Mauro, M. and Di Venere, L. and Favuzzi, C. and Finke, J. and Franckowiak, A. and Fukazawa, Y. and Funk, S. and Fusco, P. and Gargano, F. and Gasparrini, D. and Giglietto, N. and Giordano, F. and Giroletti, M. and Green, D. and Grenier, I. A. and Guillemot, L. and Guiriec, S. and Hays, E. and Hewitt, J. W. and Horan, D. and Jóhannesson, G. and Kensei, S. and Kuss, M. and Larsson, S. and Latronico, L. and Lemoine-Goumard, M. and Li, J. and Longo, F. and Loparco, F. and Lovellette, M. N. and Lubrano, P. and Magill, J. D. and Maldera, S. and Manfreda, A. and Mazziotta, M. N. and McEnery, J. E. and Meyer, M. and Mizuno, T. and Monzani, M. E. and Morselli, A. and Moskalenko, I. V. and Negro, M. and Nuss, E. and Omodei, N. and Orienti, M. and Orlando, E. and Ormes, J. F. and Palatiello, M. and Paliya, V. S. and Paneque, D. and Perkins, J. S. and Persic, M. and Pesce-Rollins, M. and Piron, F. and Porter, T. A. and Principe, G. and Rainò, S. and Rando, R. and Rani, B. and Razzaque, S. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Reposeur, T. and Sgrò, C. and Siskind, E. J. and Spandre, G. and Spinelli, P. and Suson, D. J. and Tajima, H. and Thayer, J. B. and Tibaldo, L. and Torres, D. F. and Tosti, G. and Valverde, J. and Venters, T. M. and Vogel, M. and Wood, K. and Wood, M. and Zaharijas, G. and Biteau, J.},
abstractNote = {Here, we present a search for spatial extension in high-latitude ($| b| \gt 5^\circ $) sources in recent Fermi point source catalogs. The result is the Fermi High-Latitude Extended Sources Catalog, which provides source extensions (or upper limits thereof) and likelihood profiles for a suite of tested source morphologies. We find 24 extended sources, 19 of which were not previously characterized as extended. These include sources that are potentially associated with supernova remnants and star-forming regions. We also found extended γ-ray emission in the vicinity of the Cen A radio lobes and—at GeV energies for the first time—spatially coincident with the radio emission of the SNR CTA 1, as well as from the Crab Nebula. We also searched for halos around active galactic nuclei, which are predicted from electromagnetic cascades induced by the e + e – pairs that are deflected in intergalactic magnetic fields. These pairs are produced when γ-rays interact with background radiation fields. We do not find evidence for extension in individual sources or in stacked source samples. This enables us to place limits on the flux of the extended source components, which are then used to constrain the intergalactic magnetic field to be stronger than 3 × 10–16 G for a coherence length λ ≳ 10 kpc, even when conservative assumptions on the source duty cycle are made. This improves previous limits by several orders of magnitude.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4365/aacdf7},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal. Supplement Series (Online)},
number = 2,
volume = 237,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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