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Title: Modeling Sediment Yield in Land Surface and Earth System Models: Model Comparison, Development, and Evaluation

Abstract

Sediment yield (SY) plays an important role in the global carbon cycle for carrying particulate carbon into rivers and oceans, but it is rarely represented in Earth system models (ESMs). Existing SY models have mostly been tested over a few small catchments in specific regions or in large river basins globally. By comparing the performance of eight well–known SY models in 454 small catchments with various land covers and uses across the United States, Canada, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, and Guam, we identified the simple Morgan model for its better performance in representing the spatial variability of continental scale SY at spatial scales relevant to ESMs (several to hundreds of square kilometers) than other models because of a more realistic representation of runoff–driven erosion and sediment transport capacity in the context of current data availability. The results also indicated that runoff–driven erosion should be formulated using a power function of runoff, shear stress, or stream power to better represent the total effect of concentrated flow if gully erosion and channel erosion are not explicitly modeled. We also demonstrated that the Morgan model can be further improved by removing snowmelt–driven runoff in modeling runoff–driven erosion and to a minor degreemore » by integrating a landslide model. The improved Morgan model explains 57% of the spatial variability of the measured SY. In conclusion, the new model also demonstrated the capability to simulate SY in cross–validation catchments at fine temporal scales, which is important for coupling SY with other biogeochemistry processes in ESMs.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland WA USA
  2. Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of Houston Houston TX USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1468834
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1468835; OSTI ID: 1512864
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-133207
Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830; KP1703020
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems Journal Volume: 10 Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; sediment yield; Earth system modeling; soil erosion; model comparison; catchment scale; fine temporal scale

Citation Formats

Tan, Zeli, Leung, L. Ruby, Li, Hong‐Yi, and Tesfa, Teklu. Modeling Sediment Yield in Land Surface and Earth System Models: Model Comparison, Development, and Evaluation. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1029/2017MS001270.
Tan, Zeli, Leung, L. Ruby, Li, Hong‐Yi, & Tesfa, Teklu. Modeling Sediment Yield in Land Surface and Earth System Models: Model Comparison, Development, and Evaluation. United States. doi:10.1029/2017MS001270.
Tan, Zeli, Leung, L. Ruby, Li, Hong‐Yi, and Tesfa, Teklu. Sat . "Modeling Sediment Yield in Land Surface and Earth System Models: Model Comparison, Development, and Evaluation". United States. doi:10.1029/2017MS001270.
@article{osti_1468834,
title = {Modeling Sediment Yield in Land Surface and Earth System Models: Model Comparison, Development, and Evaluation},
author = {Tan, Zeli and Leung, L. Ruby and Li, Hong‐Yi and Tesfa, Teklu},
abstractNote = {Sediment yield (SY) plays an important role in the global carbon cycle for carrying particulate carbon into rivers and oceans, but it is rarely represented in Earth system models (ESMs). Existing SY models have mostly been tested over a few small catchments in specific regions or in large river basins globally. By comparing the performance of eight well–known SY models in 454 small catchments with various land covers and uses across the United States, Canada, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, and Guam, we identified the simple Morgan model for its better performance in representing the spatial variability of continental scale SY at spatial scales relevant to ESMs (several to hundreds of square kilometers) than other models because of a more realistic representation of runoff–driven erosion and sediment transport capacity in the context of current data availability. The results also indicated that runoff–driven erosion should be formulated using a power function of runoff, shear stress, or stream power to better represent the total effect of concentrated flow if gully erosion and channel erosion are not explicitly modeled. We also demonstrated that the Morgan model can be further improved by removing snowmelt–driven runoff in modeling runoff–driven erosion and to a minor degree by integrating a landslide model. The improved Morgan model explains 57% of the spatial variability of the measured SY. In conclusion, the new model also demonstrated the capability to simulate SY in cross–validation catchments at fine temporal scales, which is important for coupling SY with other biogeochemistry processes in ESMs.},
doi = {10.1029/2017MS001270},
journal = {Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems},
number = 9,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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DOI: 10.1029/2017MS001270

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