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Title: Tailored thermal expansion alloys

Current approaches to tailoring the thermal expansion coefficient of materials or finding materials with negative thermal expansion rely on careful manipulation of either the material's composition and/or the complex fabrication of composites. By contrast, we report a new principle that enables the precise control of macroscopic thermal expansion response of bulk materials via crystallographic texture manipulation and by taking advantage of anisotropic Coefficients of Thermal Expansion (CTE) in a large class of martensitically transforming materials. Through simple thermo-mechanical processing, it is possible to tailor the thermal expansion response of a single material––without manipulating its composition––over a wide range of positive and negative values. We demonstrate this principle by gradually tuning the macroscopic CTE in a model NiTiPd alloy between a positive (+14.90 × 10 -6 K -1) and a negative (-3.06 × 10 -6 K -1) value, simply by incrementally increasing tensile plastic deformation in the martensite phase. This surprising response is linked to the large positive, +51.33 × 10 -6 K -1, and negative, -34.51 × 10 -6 K -1, CTE anisotropy, at the lattice level, along the different crystal directions in martensite. Similar CTE anisotropy is also shown experimentally in CoNiGa and TiNb alloys. In a model TiNbmore » alloy, giant macroscopic CTEs of +181 × 10 -6 K -1 and -142 × 10 -6 K -1 are measured. A connection between the CTE anisotropy and the martensitic transformation in these and other materials systems such as NiTi, pure uranium, and PbTiO 3 is later made. It is shown that negative or positive thermal expansion crystallographic directions are connected to the crystallographic relationship between the austenite and martensite lattices, and can easily be predicted using the lattice parameters of austenite and martensite phases. Our current observations and analyses suggest that the tunability of the macroscopic CTE through thermo-mechanical processing is universal in materials––both ceramic and metals––that undergo martensitic transformations« less
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  1. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6454
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396; 0909170; FA9550-15-1-0287; DMR 08-44082
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Acta Materialia
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 102; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6454
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF); US Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)
Contributing Orgs:
Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States). Coefficient of Thermal Expansion Analysis Suite (CTEAS)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 42 ENGINEERING; Coefficient of thermal expansion; Negative coefficient of thermal expansion; Martensitic transformation; Shape memory alloys; Anisotropy
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1346256