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Title: Universally enhanced light-quarks Yukawa couplings paradigm

Abstract

Here, we propose that natural TeV-scale new physics (NP) with O(1) couplings to the standard model (SM) quarks may lead to a universal enhancement of the Yukawa couplings of all the light quarks, perhaps to a size comparable to that of the SM b-quark Yukawa coupling, i.e., y q ~ O(y SM b) for q=u, d, c, s. This scenario is described within an effective field theory (EFT) extension of the SM, for which a potential contribution of certain dimension six effective operators to the light quark Yukawa couplings is y q ~ O(fv 22), where v is the Higgs vacuum expectation value, v = 246 GeV, Λ is the typical scale of the underlying heavy NP, and f is the corresponding Wilson coefficient which depends on its properties and details. In particular, we study the case of y q ~ 0.025 ~ y SM b, which is the typical size of the enhanced light-quark Yukawa couplings if the NP scale is around Λ ~ 1.5 TeV and the NP couplings are natural, i.e., f ~ O(1). We also explore this enhanced light quark Yukawa paradigm in extensions of the SM which contain TeV-scale vectorlike quarks, and we matchmore » them to the specific higher dimensional effective operators in the EFT description. We discuss the constraints on this scenario and the flavor structure of the underlying NP dynamics and suggest some resulting “smoking gun” signals that should be searched for at the LHC, such as multi-Higgs production pp → hh,hhh and single Higgs production in association with a high p T jet (j) or photon pp → hj,hγ and with a single top-quark pp → ht.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1468500
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1477952
Report Number(s):
[BNL-209181-2018-JAAM]
[Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; 055001]
Grant/Contract Number:  
[SC0012704]
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
[Journal Name: Physical Review D Journal Volume: 98 Journal Issue: 5]; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Yukawa; fermion; decay; hadronic; quark; GEV; Higgs

Citation Formats

Bar-Shalom, Shaouly, and Soni, Amarjit. Universally enhanced light-quarks Yukawa couplings paradigm. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.98.055001.
Bar-Shalom, Shaouly, & Soni, Amarjit. Universally enhanced light-quarks Yukawa couplings paradigm. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.98.055001.
Bar-Shalom, Shaouly, and Soni, Amarjit. Tue . "Universally enhanced light-quarks Yukawa couplings paradigm". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.98.055001.
@article{osti_1468500,
title = {Universally enhanced light-quarks Yukawa couplings paradigm},
author = {Bar-Shalom, Shaouly and Soni, Amarjit},
abstractNote = {Here, we propose that natural TeV-scale new physics (NP) with O(1) couplings to the standard model (SM) quarks may lead to a universal enhancement of the Yukawa couplings of all the light quarks, perhaps to a size comparable to that of the SM b-quark Yukawa coupling, i.e., yq ~ O(ySMb) for q=u, d, c, s. This scenario is described within an effective field theory (EFT) extension of the SM, for which a potential contribution of certain dimension six effective operators to the light quark Yukawa couplings is yq ~ O(fv2/Λ2), where v is the Higgs vacuum expectation value, v = 246 GeV, Λ is the typical scale of the underlying heavy NP, and f is the corresponding Wilson coefficient which depends on its properties and details. In particular, we study the case of yq ~ 0.025 ~ ySMb, which is the typical size of the enhanced light-quark Yukawa couplings if the NP scale is around Λ ~ 1.5 TeV and the NP couplings are natural, i.e., f ~ O(1). We also explore this enhanced light quark Yukawa paradigm in extensions of the SM which contain TeV-scale vectorlike quarks, and we match them to the specific higher dimensional effective operators in the EFT description. We discuss the constraints on this scenario and the flavor structure of the underlying NP dynamics and suggest some resulting “smoking gun” signals that should be searched for at the LHC, such as multi-Higgs production pp → hh,hhh and single Higgs production in association with a high pT jet (j) or photon pp → hj,hγ and with a single top-quark pp → ht.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.98.055001},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = [5],
volume = [98],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

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Free Publicly Available Full Text
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DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.98.055001

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