skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: X-pinch X-ray emission on a portable low-current, fast rise-time generator

Abstract

In this paper, we report on experiments exploring X-ray emission from an X-pinch driven by a small Marx-waterline generator supplying 50 kA with a risetime of 50 ns and a peak voltage of ~250 kV. Both standard crossed wire loads and hybrid loads utilizing conical metal electrodes with a single short wire in between them were studied, and in both cases reliable modes of operation were obtained for X-ray radiography. Soft (few keV) and Hard (>5 keV) X-ray emission characteristics were observed. With standard X-pinches, soft radiation emanated from a small hot spot about 3 μm in size, along with hard radiation from a ~200 μm region close to this hot spot. With hybrid X-pinches, the hot spot was <7 μm in size. Finally, there was a clear correlation between the soft and hard X-ray emission—pinches that produced intense soft X-ray emission from a small hot spot also produced the most intense, localized hard X-ray emission.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3];  [3];  [3]
  1. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States); P. N. Lebedev Inst., Moscow (Russian Federation)
  2. P. N. Lebedev Inst., Moscow (Russian Federation)
  3. Imperial College, London (United Kingdom). Blackett Lab.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States); Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); First Light Fusion (United Kingdom); AWE Aldermaston plc (United Kingdom)
OSTI Identifier:
1468395
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1467946
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0003764
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 124; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Shelkovenko, T. A., Pikuz, S. A., Tilikin, I. N., Bland, S. N., Lall, D., Chaturvedi, N., and Georgakis, A. X-pinch X-ray emission on a portable low-current, fast rise-time generator. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5032112.
Shelkovenko, T. A., Pikuz, S. A., Tilikin, I. N., Bland, S. N., Lall, D., Chaturvedi, N., & Georgakis, A. X-pinch X-ray emission on a portable low-current, fast rise-time generator. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5032112.
Shelkovenko, T. A., Pikuz, S. A., Tilikin, I. N., Bland, S. N., Lall, D., Chaturvedi, N., and Georgakis, A. Fri . "X-pinch X-ray emission on a portable low-current, fast rise-time generator". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5032112. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1468395.
@article{osti_1468395,
title = {X-pinch X-ray emission on a portable low-current, fast rise-time generator},
author = {Shelkovenko, T. A. and Pikuz, S. A. and Tilikin, I. N. and Bland, S. N. and Lall, D. and Chaturvedi, N. and Georgakis, A.},
abstractNote = {In this paper, we report on experiments exploring X-ray emission from an X-pinch driven by a small Marx-waterline generator supplying 50 kA with a risetime of 50 ns and a peak voltage of ~250 kV. Both standard crossed wire loads and hybrid loads utilizing conical metal electrodes with a single short wire in between them were studied, and in both cases reliable modes of operation were obtained for X-ray radiography. Soft (few keV) and Hard (>5 keV) X-ray emission characteristics were observed. With standard X-pinches, soft radiation emanated from a small hot spot about 3 μm in size, along with hard radiation from a ~200 μm region close to this hot spot. With hybrid X-pinches, the hot spot was <7 μm in size. Finally, there was a clear correlation between the soft and hard X-ray emission—pinches that produced intense soft X-ray emission from a small hot spot also produced the most intense, localized hard X-ray emission.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5032112},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 8,
volume = 124,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

X pinch plasma development as a function of wire material and current pulse parameters
journal, April 2002

  • Shelkovenko, T. A.; Pikuz, S. A.; Sinars, D. B.
  • IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 30, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1109/TPS.2002.1024291

X-pinch. Part I
journal, April 2015


Capillary X-ray laser research
conference, January 1997

  • Chittenden, J. P.; Michaelis, M.; Bland, S. N.
  • The fourth international conference on dense z-pinches
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.53867

Phase-contrast x-ray radiography using the X pinch radiation
conference, November 2001

  • Pikuz, Sergey A.; Shelkovenko, Tatyana A.; Sinars, Daniel B.
  • International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.448471

Effect of wire number on x-pinch discharges
journal, June 2006

  • Green, J. S.; Bland, S. N.; Collett, M.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 88, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2216110

X-ray backlighting of the axial region of a multiwire liner plasma in the angara-5-1 facility
journal, February 2004

  • Volkov, G. S.; Grabovskii, E. V.; Mitrofanov, K. N.
  • Plasma Physics Reports, Vol. 30, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1134/1.1648934

Characteristics of a molybdenum X-pinch X-ray source as a probe source for X-ray diffraction studies
journal, March 2015

  • Zucchini, F.; Bland, S. N.; Chauvin, C.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 86, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4915496

X-Ray Backlighting of the Initial Stage of Single- and Multiwire $Z$-Pinch
journal, December 2012

  • Zhu, Xinlei; Zou, Xiaobing; Zhang, Ran
  • IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 40, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1109/TPS.2012.2218622

Accelerated electrons and hard X-ray emission from X-pinches
journal, September 2008


Table-top X-pinch for x-ray radiography
journal, June 2003

  • Beg, F. N.; Krushelnick, K.; Lichtsteiner, P.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 82, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1584782

High Energy Density Z -Pinch Plasma Conditions with Picosecond Time Resolution
journal, June 2002


X-Ray Backlighting of Developments of $X$-pinches and Wire-Array $Z$-pinches Using an $X$-pinch
journal, April 2010


A source of hard X-ray radiation based on hybrid X pinches
journal, October 2016

  • Shelkovenko, T. A.; Pikuz, S. A.; Hoyt, C. L.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 23, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4964771

Studies of plasma formation from exploding wires and multiwire arrays using x-ray backlighting
journal, January 1999

  • Shelkovenko, T. A.; Pikuz, S. A.; Mingaleev, A. R.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 70, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1149361

A review of projection radiography of plasma and biological objects in X-Pinch radiation
journal, March 2016


X-ray backlighting of wire array Z -pinch implosions using X pinch
journal, January 2001

  • Lebedev, S. V.; Beg, F. N.; Bland, S. N.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 72, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1315647

Plasma density measurements in tungsten wire-array Z-pinches
journal, July 2012

  • Douglass, J. D.; Hammer, D. A.; Pikuz, S. A.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 19, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4736986

Dynamics of hybrid X-pinches
journal, January 2015

  • Shelkovenko, T. A.; Tilikin, I. N.; Ivanenkov, G. V.
  • Plasma Physics Reports, Vol. 41, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1134/S1063780X15010031

Hybrid X-pinch with conical electrodes
journal, November 2010

  • Shelkovenko, T. A.; Pikuz, S. A.; Cahill, A. D.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3504226

Compact high current generator for x-ray radiography
journal, December 2006

  • Kharlov, A. V.; Kovalchuk, B. M.; Zorin, V. B.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 77, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2400667

A double-frame nanosecond soft X-ray backlighting system based on X-pinches
journal, January 2013

  • Artyomov, A. P.; Fedyunin, A. V.; Chaikovsky, S. A.
  • Instruments and Experimental Techniques, Vol. 56, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1134/S0020441213010028

Determination of the size of a radiation source by the method of calculation of diffraction patterns
journal, July 2013


The physics of fast Z pinches
journal, January 2000


Investigation of High-Temperature Bright Plasma X-ray Sources Produced in 5-MA X-Pinch Experiments
journal, October 2012


Radiographic and spectroscopic studies of X-pinch plasma implosion dynamics and x-ray burst emission characteristics
journal, January 2001

  • Shelkovenko, T. A.; Sinars, D. B.; Pikuz, S. A.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 8, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1351553

Effect of Core-Corona Plasma Structure on Seeding of Instabilities in Wire Array Z Pinches
journal, July 2000


X-Pinches as Broadband Sources of X-Rays for Radiography
journal, January 2015

  • Shelkovenko, Tatiana; Pikuz, Sergey; Hammer, David
  • Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, Vol. 08, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2015.811071

Temporal characteristics of X-ray emission from X-pinches
journal, December 2006


High-energy x-ray response of photographic films: models and measurement
journal, January 1986

  • Henke, B. L.; Stone, G. F.; Fujiwara, F. G.
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America B, Vol. 3, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1364/JOSAB.3.001540