skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Ambient-Pressure XPS Studies of Reactions of Alcohols on SrTiO 3(100)

Abstract

Ambient-pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (APXPS) and temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) have been employed to elucidate the adsorption and reaction of simple alcohols on SrTiO 3(100). TPD experiments indicate molecular desorption of alcohols with a small amount of aldehydes below 100 °C, whereas no gas-phase products are observed above this temperature. APXPS spectra at 0.1 Torr show that alcohols adsorb dissociatively onto SrTiO 3(100) to form alkoxies. Surface methoxides appear to react with each other to produce acetate as a surface intermediate. These surface species are eventually oxidized to gas-phase CO, CO 2, and H 2O. Ethoxide is readily oxidized to acetate species that undergo further reactions to form gas-phase products. CO 2 is the only C-containing product during ethanol oxidation, whereas methanol can also produce the partial oxidation product, CO. When no O 2 is present, alcohol oxidation yields gas-phase CO, CO 2, or H 2O and creates oxygen vacancies on the surface, resulting in the reduction of Ti 4+. Without a source of oxygen replenishment, the availability of surface oxygen would be limited, and thus, the oxidation reactions could not progress indefinitely. At near-ambient pressures, the reactivity of the surface and the distribution of surface species and reaction products weremore » changed by altering the alcohol/O 2 ratio, consistent with an interpretation that surface vacancies are being created and that their concentration is altered when an oxygen source is present. In conclusion, the conversion from acetate to CO 2 might be rate-limiting when sufficient O 2 gas is present.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1468274
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC05-00OR22725]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. C
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 42]; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Zhang, Yafen, Savara, Aditya Ashi, and Mullins, David R. Ambient-Pressure XPS Studies of Reactions of Alcohols on SrTiO3(100). United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b06319.
Zhang, Yafen, Savara, Aditya Ashi, & Mullins, David R. Ambient-Pressure XPS Studies of Reactions of Alcohols on SrTiO3(100). United States. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b06319.
Zhang, Yafen, Savara, Aditya Ashi, and Mullins, David R. Tue . "Ambient-Pressure XPS Studies of Reactions of Alcohols on SrTiO3(100)". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b06319. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1468274.
@article{osti_1468274,
title = {Ambient-Pressure XPS Studies of Reactions of Alcohols on SrTiO3(100)},
author = {Zhang, Yafen and Savara, Aditya Ashi and Mullins, David R.},
abstractNote = {Ambient-pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (APXPS) and temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) have been employed to elucidate the adsorption and reaction of simple alcohols on SrTiO3(100). TPD experiments indicate molecular desorption of alcohols with a small amount of aldehydes below 100 °C, whereas no gas-phase products are observed above this temperature. APXPS spectra at 0.1 Torr show that alcohols adsorb dissociatively onto SrTiO3(100) to form alkoxies. Surface methoxides appear to react with each other to produce acetate as a surface intermediate. These surface species are eventually oxidized to gas-phase CO, CO2, and H2O. Ethoxide is readily oxidized to acetate species that undergo further reactions to form gas-phase products. CO2 is the only C-containing product during ethanol oxidation, whereas methanol can also produce the partial oxidation product, CO. When no O2 is present, alcohol oxidation yields gas-phase CO, CO2, or H2O and creates oxygen vacancies on the surface, resulting in the reduction of Ti4+. Without a source of oxygen replenishment, the availability of surface oxygen would be limited, and thus, the oxidation reactions could not progress indefinitely. At near-ambient pressures, the reactivity of the surface and the distribution of surface species and reaction products were changed by altering the alcohol/O2 ratio, consistent with an interpretation that surface vacancies are being created and that their concentration is altered when an oxygen source is present. In conclusion, the conversion from acetate to CO2 might be rate-limiting when sufficient O2 gas is present.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b06319},
journal = {Journal of Physical Chemistry. C},
number = [42],
volume = [121],
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share: