skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Influence of climate variability, fire and phosphorus limitation on vegetation structure and dynamics of the Amazon–Cerrado border

Abstract

Abstract. Climate, fire and soil nutrient limitation are important elements that affect vegetation dynamics in areas of the forest–savanna transition. In this paper, we use the dynamic vegetation model INLAND to evaluate the influence of interannual climate variability, fire and phosphorus (P) limitation on Amazon–Cerrado transitional vegetation structure and dynamics. We assess how each environmental factor affects net primary production, leaf area index and aboveground biomass (AGB), and compare the AGB simulations to an observed AGB map. We used two climate data sets (monthly average climate for 1961–1990 and interannual climate variability for 1948–2008), two data sets of total soil P content (one based on regional field measurements and one based on global data), and the INLAND fire module. Our results show that the inclusion of interannual climate variability, P limitation and fire occurrence each contribute to simulating vegetation types that more closely match observations. These effects are spatially heterogeneous and synergistic. In terms of magnitude, the effect of fire is strongest and is the main driver of vegetation changes along the transition. Phosphorus limitation, in turn, has a stronger effect on transitional ecosystem dynamics than interannual climate variability does. Overall, INLAND typically simulates more than 80% of the AGB variability inmore » the transition zone. Furthermore, the AGB in many places is clearly not well simulated, indicating that important soil and physiological factors in the Amazon–Cerrado border region, such as lithology, water table depth, carbon allocation strategies and mortality rates, still need to be included in the model.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5]
  1. Federal Univ. of Vicosa (UFV), Vicosa, MG (Brazil)
  2. The Woods Hole Research Center, Falmouth, MA (United States)
  3. State Univ. of Mato Grosso, Nova Xavantina, MT (Brazil)
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  5. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER)
OSTI Identifier:
1468269
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Biogeosciences (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Biogeosciences (Online); Journal Volume: 15; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1726-4189
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Dionizio, Emily Ane, Costa, Marcos Heil, Castanho, Andrea D. de Almeida, Pires, Gabrielle Ferreira, Marimon, Beatriz Schwantes, Hur Marimon-Junior, Ben, Lenza, Eddie, Pimenta, Fernando Martins, Yang, Xiaojuan, and Jain, Atul K. Influence of climate variability, fire and phosphorus limitation on vegetation structure and dynamics of the Amazon–Cerrado border. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.5194/bg-15-919-2018.
Dionizio, Emily Ane, Costa, Marcos Heil, Castanho, Andrea D. de Almeida, Pires, Gabrielle Ferreira, Marimon, Beatriz Schwantes, Hur Marimon-Junior, Ben, Lenza, Eddie, Pimenta, Fernando Martins, Yang, Xiaojuan, & Jain, Atul K. Influence of climate variability, fire and phosphorus limitation on vegetation structure and dynamics of the Amazon–Cerrado border. United States. doi:10.5194/bg-15-919-2018.
Dionizio, Emily Ane, Costa, Marcos Heil, Castanho, Andrea D. de Almeida, Pires, Gabrielle Ferreira, Marimon, Beatriz Schwantes, Hur Marimon-Junior, Ben, Lenza, Eddie, Pimenta, Fernando Martins, Yang, Xiaojuan, and Jain, Atul K. Thu . "Influence of climate variability, fire and phosphorus limitation on vegetation structure and dynamics of the Amazon–Cerrado border". United States. doi:10.5194/bg-15-919-2018. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1468269.
@article{osti_1468269,
title = {Influence of climate variability, fire and phosphorus limitation on vegetation structure and dynamics of the Amazon–Cerrado border},
author = {Dionizio, Emily Ane and Costa, Marcos Heil and Castanho, Andrea D. de Almeida and Pires, Gabrielle Ferreira and Marimon, Beatriz Schwantes and Hur Marimon-Junior, Ben and Lenza, Eddie and Pimenta, Fernando Martins and Yang, Xiaojuan and Jain, Atul K.},
abstractNote = {Abstract. Climate, fire and soil nutrient limitation are important elements that affect vegetation dynamics in areas of the forest–savanna transition. In this paper, we use the dynamic vegetation model INLAND to evaluate the influence of interannual climate variability, fire and phosphorus (P) limitation on Amazon–Cerrado transitional vegetation structure and dynamics. We assess how each environmental factor affects net primary production, leaf area index and aboveground biomass (AGB), and compare the AGB simulations to an observed AGB map. We used two climate data sets (monthly average climate for 1961–1990 and interannual climate variability for 1948–2008), two data sets of total soil P content (one based on regional field measurements and one based on global data), and the INLAND fire module. Our results show that the inclusion of interannual climate variability, P limitation and fire occurrence each contribute to simulating vegetation types that more closely match observations. These effects are spatially heterogeneous and synergistic. In terms of magnitude, the effect of fire is strongest and is the main driver of vegetation changes along the transition. Phosphorus limitation, in turn, has a stronger effect on transitional ecosystem dynamics than interannual climate variability does. Overall, INLAND typically simulates more than 80% of the AGB variability in the transition zone. Furthermore, the AGB in many places is clearly not well simulated, indicating that important soil and physiological factors in the Amazon–Cerrado border region, such as lithology, water table depth, carbon allocation strategies and mortality rates, still need to be included in the model.},
doi = {10.5194/bg-15-919-2018},
journal = {Biogeosciences (Online)},
number = 3,
volume = 15,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Nutrient use efficiency at ecosystem and species level in savanna areas of Central Brazil and impacts of fire
journal, February 2006

  • Nardoto, Gabriela Bielefeld; da Cunha Bustamante, Mercedes Maria; Pinto, Alexandre Siqueira
  • Journal of Tropical Ecology, Vol. 22, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1017/S0266467405002865

Fire as an interactive component of dynamic vegetation models: FIRE IN DYNAMIC VEGETATION MODELS
journal, November 2005

  • Arora, Vivek K.; Boer, George J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 110, Issue G2
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005JG000042

The role of ecosystem-atmosphere interactions in simulated Amazonian precipitation decrease and forest dieback under global climate warming
journal, May 2004

  • Betts, R. A.; Cox, P. M.; Collins, M.
  • Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. 78, Issue 1-3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00704-004-0050-y

Above- and below-ground net primary productivity across ten Amazonian forests on contrasting soils
journal, January 2009

  • Aragão, L. E. O. C.; Malhi, Y.; Metcalfe, D. B.
  • Biogeosciences, Vol. 6, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.5194/bg-6-2759-2009

Conundrums in mixed woody-herbaceous plant systems: Woody-herbaceous plant systems
journal, October 2003


Improving simulated Amazon forest biomass and productivity by including spatial variation in biophysical parameters
journal, January 2013


Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities
journal, February 2000

  • Myers, Norman; Mittermeier, Russell A.; Mittermeier, Cristina G.
  • Nature, Vol. 403, Issue 6772
  • DOI: 10.1038/35002501

Disequilibrium and hyperdynamic tree turnover at the forest–cerrado transition zone in southern Amazonia
journal, September 2013

  • Marimon, Beatriz S.; Marimon-Junior, Ben Hur; Feldpausch, Ted R.
  • Plant Ecology & Diversity, Vol. 7, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1080/17550874.2013.818072

Drought effects on litterfall, wood production and belowground carbon cycling in an Amazon forest: results of a throughfall reduction experiment
journal, February 2008

  • Brando, Paulo M.; Nepstad, Daniel C.; Davidson, Eric A.
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 363, Issue 1498
  • DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2007.0031

An integrated biosphere model of land surface processes, terrestrial carbon balance, and vegetation dynamics
journal, December 1996

  • Foley, Jonathan A.; Prentice, I. Colin; Ramankutty, Navin
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 10, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1029/96GB02692

Comparative fire ecology of tropical savanna and forest trees
journal, December 2003


Basin-wide variations in Amazon forest structure and function are mediated by both soils and climate
journal, January 2012


Monitoring carbon assimilation in South America's tropical forests: Model specification and application to the Amazonian droughts of 2005 and 2010
journal, February 2012

  • Nunes, Edson L.; Costa, Marcos H.; Malhado, Ana C. M.
  • Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 117
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2011.10.022

The distribution of soil phosphorus for global biogeochemical modeling
journal, January 2013


Carbon stock loss from deforestation through 2013 in Brazilian Amazonia
journal, January 2015

  • Nogueira, Euler Melo; Yanai, Aurora M.; Fonseca, Frederico O. R.
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 21, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12798

On the delineation of tropical vegetation types with an emphasis on forest/savanna transitions
journal, November 2012

  • Torello-Raventos, Mireia; Feldpausch, Ted R.; Veenendaal, Elmar
  • Plant Ecology & Diversity, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1080/17550874.2012.762812

Patterns of species diversity and soil nutrients along a chronosequence of vegetation recovery in Hainan Island, South China
journal, January 2012


Challenges to Reproduce Vegetation Structure and Dynamics in Amazonia Using a Coupled Climate–Biosphere Model
journal, September 2009

  • Senna, Mônica Carneiro Alves; Costa, Marcos Heil; Pinto, Lucía Iracema Chipponelli
  • Earth Interactions, Vol. 13, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1175/2009EI281.1

Acceleration of global warming due to carbon-cycle feedbacks in a coupled climate model
journal, November 2000

  • Cox, Peter M.; Betts, Richard A.; Jones, Chris D.
  • Nature, Vol. 408, Issue 6809
  • DOI: 10.1038/35041539

Effects of climate variability and disturbances on the Amazonian terrestrial ecosystems dynamics: AMAZONIAN DISTURBANCES AND ECOSYSTEMS DYNAMICS
journal, November 2002

  • Botta, Aurélie; Foley, Jonathan A.
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 16, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2000GB001338

Fire drives functional thresholds on the savanna–forest transition
journal, November 2013

  • de L. Dantas, Vinícius; Batalha, Marco A.; Pausas, Juli G.
  • Ecology, Vol. 94, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1890/12-1629.1

Unraveling the ecosystem functions in the Amazonia–Cerrado transition: evidence of hyperdynamic nutrient cycling
journal, November 2016

  • de Oliveira, Bianca; Marimon Junior, Ben Hur; Mews, Henrique A.
  • Plant Ecology, Vol. 218, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11258-016-0681-y

Combined effects of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and El Niño-Southern Oscillation on Global Land Dry–Wet Changes
journal, October 2014

  • Wang, Shanshan; Huang, Jianping; He, Yongli
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep06651

Vegetation dynamics and rainfall sensitivity of the Amazon
journal, October 2014

  • Hilker, Thomas; Lyapustin, Alexei I.; Tucker, Compton J.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1404870111

Conservation of the Brazilian Cerrado
journal, June 2005


What drives the seasonality of photosynthesis across the Amazon basin? A cross-site analysis of eddy flux tower measurements from the Brasil flux network
journal, December 2013


Climate change consequences on the biome distribution in tropical South America: CLIMATE CHANGE AND BIOME DISTRIBUTION
journal, May 2007

  • Salazar, Luis F.; Nobre, Carlos A.; Oyama, Marcos D.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007GL029695

Modelling forest–savanna mosaic dynamics in man-influenced environments: effects of fire, climate and soil heterogeneity
journal, January 2004


Observations on the Vegetation of Northeastern mato Grosso, Brazil. iv. an Analysis of the Cerrado–Amazonian Forest Ecotone
journal, July 2006

  • Marimon, B. S.; De S. Lima, E.; Duarte, T. G.
  • Edinburgh Journal of Botany, Vol. 63, Issue 2-3
  • DOI: 10.1017/S0960428606000576

EFEITO DO DESMATAMENTO NO ESTABELECIMENTO DE ESPÉCIES LENHOSAS EM UM CERRADO Sensu stricto
journal, September 2005

  • Rezende, Alba Valéria; Sanquetta, Carlos Roberto; Figueiredo Filho, Afonso
  • FLORESTA, Vol. 35, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.5380/rf.v35i1.2432

Predicting land cover changes in the Amazon rainforest: An ocean-atmosphere-biosphere problem: LAND COVER CHANGES IN THE AMAZON FOREST
journal, May 2012

  • Pereira, Marcos Paulo Santos; Malhado, Ana Cláudia Mendes; Costa, Marcos Heil
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012GL051556

Deciphering the distribution of the savanna biome
journal, April 2011


Nutrient limitation reduces land carbon uptake in simulations with a model of combined carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus cycling
journal, January 2012


Ecological thresholds at the savanna-forest boundary: how plant traits, resources and fire govern the distribution of tropical biomes
journal, May 2012


Testing the Amazon savannization hypothesis: fire effects on invasion of a neotropical forest by native cerrado and exotic pasture grasses
journal, June 2013

  • Silvério, Divino V.; Brando, Paulo M.; Balch, Jennifer K.
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 368, Issue 1619
  • DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2012.0427

Deforestation causes different subregional effects on the Amazon bioclimatic equilibrium: DEFORESTATION EFFECTS IN AMAZONIA
journal, July 2013

  • Pires, Gabrielle Ferreira; Costa, Marcos Heil
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1002/grl.50570

Implications of incorporating N cycling and N limitations on primary production in an individual-based dynamic vegetation model
journal, January 2014


Bias in the variance of gridded data sets leads to misleading conclusions about changes in climate variability: BIAS IN THE VARIANCE OF GRIDDED DATA SETS
journal, December 2015

  • Beguería, Santiago; Vicente-Serrano, Sergio M.; Tomás-Burguera, Miquel
  • International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 36, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1002/joc.4561

Seasonality of Water and heat Fluxes over a Tropical Forest in Eastern Amazonia
journal, August 2004

  • da Rocha, Humberto R.; Goulden, Michael L.; Miller, Scott D.
  • Ecological Applications, Vol. 14, Issue sp4
  • DOI: 10.1890/02-6001

Vegetation Succession in the Cerrado–Amazonian Forest Transition zone of mato Grosso State, Brazil
journal, December 2015

  • Morandi, P. S.; Marimon-Junior, B. H.; de Oliveira, E. A.
  • Edinburgh Journal of Botany, Vol. 73, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1017/S096042861500027X

Biomass hyperdynamics as a key modulator of forest self-maintenance in a dystrophic soil in the Amazonia-Cerrado transition
journal, June 2016

  • Valadão, Marco Bruno Xavier; Marimon Junior, Ben Hur; Oliveira, Bianca de
  • Scientia Forestalis, Vol. 44, Issue 110
  • DOI: 10.18671/scifor.v44n110.20

A new climate-vegetation equilibrium state for Tropical South America: A NEW CLIMATE-VEGETATION STATE
journal, December 2003

  • Oyama, Marcos Daisuke; Nobre, Carlos Afonso
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 30, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1029/2003GL018600

Amazonian forest dieback under climate-carbon cycle projections for the 21st century
journal, April 2004

  • Cox, P. M.; Betts, R. A.; Collins, M.
  • Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. 78, Issue 1-3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00704-004-0049-4

Interdecadal variability and trends of rainfall across the Amazon basin
journal, April 2004


Variations in chemical and physical properties of Amazon forest soils in relation to their genesis
journal, January 2010


Nitrogen and Phosphorus Limitation of Biomass Growth in a Tropical Secondary Forest
journal, August 2004

  • Davidson, Eric A.; Reis de Carvalho, Cláudio J.; Vieira, Ima C. G.
  • Ecological Applications, Vol. 14, Issue sp4
  • DOI: 10.1890/01-6006

The global distribution of ecosystems in a world without fire
journal, November 2004


What controls the distribution of tropical forest and savanna?: Tropical forest and savanna distribution
journal, March 2012


Resilience of savanna forest after clear-cutting in the cerrado-amazon transition zone
journal, January 2015

  • Reis, Simone Matias; Marimon, Beatriz Schwantes; Marimon-Junior, Ben Hur
  • Bioscience Journal, Vol. 31, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.14393/BJ-v31n5a2015-26368

Amazon Deforestation and Climate Change
journal, March 1990


The climatic sensitivity of the forest, savanna and forest-savanna transition in tropical South America
journal, July 2010


Observations and modeling of biomass and soil organic matter dynamics for the grassland biome worldwide
journal, December 1993

  • Parton, W. J.; Scurlock, J. M. O.; Ojima, D. S.
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 7, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1029/93GB02042

Comprehensive assessment of carbon productivity, allocation and storage in three Amazonian forests
journal, May 2009


Testing the performance of a dynamic global ecosystem model: Water balance, carbon balance, and vegetation structure
journal, September 2000

  • Kucharik, Christopher J.; Foley, Jonathan A.; Delire, Christine
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 14, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1029/1999GB001138

Variations in Stand Structure and Diversity along a Soil Fertility Gradient in a Brazilian Savanna (Cerrado) in Southern Mato Grosso
journal, January 2013

  • Vourlitis, George Louis; de Almeida Lobo, Francisco; Lawrence, Shelley
  • Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 77, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.2136/sssaj2012.0336

Seasonal anomalous rainfall in the central and eastern Amazon and associated anomalous oceanic and atmospheric patterns
journal, April 2011

  • Andreoli, Rita Valéria; Ferreira de Souza, Rodrigo Augusto; Kayano, Mary Toshie
  • International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 32, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/joc.2345

Updated high-resolution grids of monthly climatic observations - the CRU TS3.10 Dataset: UPDATED HIGH-RESOLUTION GRIDS OF MONTHLY CLIMATIC OBSERVATIONS
journal, May 2013

  • Harris, I.; Jones, P. D.; Osborn, T. J.
  • International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 34, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/joc.3711

Variations in Amazon forest productivity correlated with foliar nutrients and modelled rates of photosynthetic carbon supply
journal, November 2011

  • Mercado, Lina M.; Patiño, Sandra; Domingues, Tomas F.
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 366, Issue 1582
  • DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2011.0045

Forest productivity and water stress in Amazonia: observations from GOSAT chlorophyll fluorescence
journal, June 2013

  • Lee, Jung-Eun; Frankenberg, Christian; van der Tol, Christiaan
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 280, Issue 1761
  • DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2013.0171

The influence of the conservation status and changes in the rainfall regime on forest-savanna mosaic dynamics in Northern Brazilian Amazonia
journal, June 2014


A comparison of the IGBP DISCover and University of Maryland 1 km global land cover products
journal, January 2000


The Susceptibility of Southeastern Amazon Forests to Fire: Insights from a Large-Scale Burn Experiment
journal, August 2015

  • Balch, Jennifer K.; Brando, Paulo M.; Nepstad, Daniel C.
  • BioScience, Vol. 65, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1093/biosci/biv106

El Niño-Southern oscillation and the climate, ecosystems and rivers of Amazonia: IMPACT OF ENSO ON AMAZONIAN ECOSYSTEMS AND RIVERS
journal, December 2002

  • Foley, Jonathan A.; Botta, Aurélie; Coe, Michael T.
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 16, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2002GB001872

The role of phosphorus dynamics in tropical forests – a modeling study using CLM-CNP
journal, January 2014


Savanna Vegetation-Fire-Climate Relationships Differ Among Continents
journal, January 2014


Distribution of aboveground live biomass in the Amazon basin: AGLB IN THE AMAZON BASIN
journal, January 2007


Impact of land use/land cover change on regional hydrometeorology in Amazonia
journal, January 2002

  • Baidya Roy, Somnath
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 107, Issue D20
  • DOI: 10.1029/2000JD000266

Modelling organic matter dynamics in different soils.
journal, September 1990

  • Verberne, E. L. J.; Hassink, J.; Willigen, P. de
  • Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science, Vol. 38, Issue 3A
  • DOI: 10.18174/njas.v38i3A.16585

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Impacts of Fire on Forest Biomass Dynamics at the Southern Amazon Edge
    journal, July 2019

    • Nogueira, Denis S.; Marimon, Beatriz S.; Marimon-Junior, Ben Hur
    • Environmental Conservation, Vol. 46, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1017/s0376892919000110

    Climate and soils at the Brazilian semiarid and the forest-Caatinga problem: new insights and implications for conservation
    journal, October 2019

    • de Castro Oliveira, Guilherme; Francelino, Márcio Rocha; Arruda, Daniel Meira
    • Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/ab3d7b

    Impacts of Fire on Forest Biomass Dynamics at the Southern Amazon Edge
    journal, July 2019

    • Nogueira, Denis S.; Marimon, Beatriz S.; Marimon-Junior, Ben Hur
    • Environmental Conservation, Vol. 46, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1017/s0376892919000110

    Drivers of floristic variation in biogeographic transitions: insights from the ecotone between the largest biogeographic domains of South America
    journal, March 2020