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Title: Experimental and analytical evaluation of a hydro-pneumatic compressed-air Ground-Level Integrated Diverse Energy Storage (GLIDES) system

In recent times, there has been a significant increase in intermittent renewable electricity capacity additions to the generation mix. This, coupled with an aging electrical grid that is poorly equipped to handle the ensuing mismatch between generation and use, has created a strong need for flexible, advanced bulk energy storage technologies. In this paper, one such technology recently invented and demonstrated at Oak Ridge National Laboratory is introduced and characterized. Similar to compressed-air energy storage, the Ground-Level Integrated Diverse Energy Storage (GLIDES) technology is based on gas compression/expansion, however, liquid-piston compression and expansion are utilized. In common with pumped-storage hydroelectricity, hydraulic turbomachines (pump/turbine) are utilized for energy storage and recovery, however, pressure vessels are utilized to create artificial elevation (head) difference, allowing pressure head of several thousands of feet to be reached. Furthermore, this paper reports on the experimental performance of the first GLIDES proof-of-concept prototype, and presents formulation and results from a validated physics-based simulation model.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 221; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0306-2619
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; GLIDES; Energy storage; Compressed air; Liquid piston; Micro pumped-hydro storage; Near-isothermal compression/expansion
OSTI Identifier:
1468243

Odukomaiya, Adewale, Abu-Heiba, Ahmad, Graham, Samuel, and Momen, Ayyoub Mehdizadeh. Experimental and analytical evaluation of a hydro-pneumatic compressed-air Ground-Level Integrated Diverse Energy Storage (GLIDES) system. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.03.110.
Odukomaiya, Adewale, Abu-Heiba, Ahmad, Graham, Samuel, & Momen, Ayyoub Mehdizadeh. Experimental and analytical evaluation of a hydro-pneumatic compressed-air Ground-Level Integrated Diverse Energy Storage (GLIDES) system. United States. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.03.110.
Odukomaiya, Adewale, Abu-Heiba, Ahmad, Graham, Samuel, and Momen, Ayyoub Mehdizadeh. 2018. "Experimental and analytical evaluation of a hydro-pneumatic compressed-air Ground-Level Integrated Diverse Energy Storage (GLIDES) system". United States. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.03.110. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1468243.
@article{osti_1468243,
title = {Experimental and analytical evaluation of a hydro-pneumatic compressed-air Ground-Level Integrated Diverse Energy Storage (GLIDES) system},
author = {Odukomaiya, Adewale and Abu-Heiba, Ahmad and Graham, Samuel and Momen, Ayyoub Mehdizadeh},
abstractNote = {In recent times, there has been a significant increase in intermittent renewable electricity capacity additions to the generation mix. This, coupled with an aging electrical grid that is poorly equipped to handle the ensuing mismatch between generation and use, has created a strong need for flexible, advanced bulk energy storage technologies. In this paper, one such technology recently invented and demonstrated at Oak Ridge National Laboratory is introduced and characterized. Similar to compressed-air energy storage, the Ground-Level Integrated Diverse Energy Storage (GLIDES) technology is based on gas compression/expansion, however, liquid-piston compression and expansion are utilized. In common with pumped-storage hydroelectricity, hydraulic turbomachines (pump/turbine) are utilized for energy storage and recovery, however, pressure vessels are utilized to create artificial elevation (head) difference, allowing pressure head of several thousands of feet to be reached. Furthermore, this paper reports on the experimental performance of the first GLIDES proof-of-concept prototype, and presents formulation and results from a validated physics-based simulation model.},
doi = {10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.03.110},
journal = {Applied Energy},
number = C,
volume = 221,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}