skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Upscaling transpiration in diverse forests: Insights from a tropical premontane site

Abstract

Upscaling water use of individual trees to stands using sap flux techniques is a common method for partitioning site water balance, but few such studies have occurred in the tropics. Increasing interests in the role of tropical forests in global cycles have spurred upscaling studies in natural tropical forests, which present challenges from greater tree species and functional diversity, and potential factors that would reduce transpiration, such as frequent cloud cover and wet canopy conditions. In a premontane wet tropical forest in central Costa Rica, sap flow was measured in 15 trees stratified into 5 size classes based on tree diameters. None of the trees belonged to the same species, genus, or even family. Here, we also accounted for potential radial variation in sap flux density. Data were scaled to estimate transpiration within a small 2.2-ha watershed using stand surveys of sapwood area. Stand transpiration averaged only 1.4 ± 0.7 mm day -1 within this forested watershed due to persistent low radiation, evaporative demand, and frequent wet canopy conditions. Our systematic approach used tree size attributes to scale water use to the stand, given difficulties to quantify species differences in such a diverse ecosystem. Contrary to previous evidence on temperatemore » trees, the large trees sampled did not exhibit flow reductions in deeper sapwood, which warrants further study. Finally, these results highlight some unique aspects of measuring transpiration in wet tropical forests that are important to consider for future studies in diverse stands.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Ecosystem Science and Management
  2. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Ecosystem Science and Management; INVISTA S.à r.l., Orange, TX (United States)
  3. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Engineering Experiment Station
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23). Climate and Environmental Sciences Division; National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1467894
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0010654; EAR‐1004874
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Ecohydrology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1936-0584
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; Costa Rica; radial profile; sap flow; sap flux; transitional rainforest

Citation Formats

Moore, Georgianne W., Orozco, Graciela, Aparecido, Luiza M. T., and Miller, Gretchen R. Upscaling transpiration in diverse forests: Insights from a tropical premontane site. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/eco.1920.
Moore, Georgianne W., Orozco, Graciela, Aparecido, Luiza M. T., & Miller, Gretchen R. Upscaling transpiration in diverse forests: Insights from a tropical premontane site. United States. doi:10.1002/eco.1920.
Moore, Georgianne W., Orozco, Graciela, Aparecido, Luiza M. T., and Miller, Gretchen R. Tue . "Upscaling transpiration in diverse forests: Insights from a tropical premontane site". United States. doi:10.1002/eco.1920. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1467894.
@article{osti_1467894,
title = {Upscaling transpiration in diverse forests: Insights from a tropical premontane site},
author = {Moore, Georgianne W. and Orozco, Graciela and Aparecido, Luiza M. T. and Miller, Gretchen R.},
abstractNote = {Upscaling water use of individual trees to stands using sap flux techniques is a common method for partitioning site water balance, but few such studies have occurred in the tropics. Increasing interests in the role of tropical forests in global cycles have spurred upscaling studies in natural tropical forests, which present challenges from greater tree species and functional diversity, and potential factors that would reduce transpiration, such as frequent cloud cover and wet canopy conditions. In a premontane wet tropical forest in central Costa Rica, sap flow was measured in 15 trees stratified into 5 size classes based on tree diameters. None of the trees belonged to the same species, genus, or even family. Here, we also accounted for potential radial variation in sap flux density. Data were scaled to estimate transpiration within a small 2.2-ha watershed using stand surveys of sapwood area. Stand transpiration averaged only 1.4 ± 0.7 mm day-1 within this forested watershed due to persistent low radiation, evaporative demand, and frequent wet canopy conditions. Our systematic approach used tree size attributes to scale water use to the stand, given difficulties to quantify species differences in such a diverse ecosystem. Contrary to previous evidence on temperate trees, the large trees sampled did not exhibit flow reductions in deeper sapwood, which warrants further study. Finally, these results highlight some unique aspects of measuring transpiration in wet tropical forests that are important to consider for future studies in diverse stands.},
doi = {10.1002/eco.1920},
journal = {Ecohydrology},
number = 3,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 4 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Hydrometeorology of tropical montane cloud forests: emerging patterns: HYDROMETEOROLOGY OF TROPICAL MONTANE CLOUD FORESTS
journal, December 2010

  • Bruijnzeel, L. A.; Mulligan, Mark; Scatena, Frederick N.
  • Hydrological Processes, Vol. 25, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/hyp.7974

Effects of continuous leaf wetness on photosynthesis: adverse aspects of rainfall
journal, April 1995


Comparison of tree transpiration under wet and dry canopy conditions in a Costa Rican premontane tropical forest: Tropical Tree Transpiration Response to Wet and Dry Canopy Conditions
journal, August 2016

  • Aparecido, Luiza Maria Teophilo; Miller, Gretchen R.; Cahill, Anthony T.
  • Hydrological Processes, Vol. 30, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1002/hyp.10960

Environmental controls in the water use patterns of a tropical cloud forest tree species, Drimys brasiliensis (Winteraceae)
journal, February 2015


Atmospheric Moisture Recycling: Role of Advection and Local Evaporation
journal, May 1999


Fog reduces transpiration in tree species of the Canarian relict heath-laurel cloud forest (Garajonay National Park, Spain)
journal, February 2009


Terrestrial water fluxes dominated by transpiration
journal, April 2013

  • Jasechko, Scott; Sharp, Zachary D.; Gibson, John J.
  • Nature, Vol. 496, Issue 7445
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature11983

Vertical patterns and duration of surface wetness in an old-growth tropical montane forest, Indonesia
journal, March 2007

  • Dietz, Johannes; Leuschner, Christoph; Hölscher, Dirk
  • Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, Vol. 202, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.flora.2006.03.004

The land–atmosphere water flux in the tropics: THE LAND–ATMOSPHERE WATER FLUX IN THE TROPICS
journal, November 2009


Structural and compositional controls on transpiration in 40- and 450-year-old riparian forests in western Oregon, USA
journal, May 2004


Regulation of water flux through trunks, branches, and leaves in trees of a lowland tropical forest
journal, July 1998

  • Andrade, José Luis; Meinzer, Frederick C.; Goldstein, Guillermo
  • Oecologia, Vol. 115, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s004420050542

Time constant for water transport in loblolly pine trees estimated from time series of evaporative demand and stem sapflow
journal, January 1997


Measurements of transpiration in four tropical rainforest types of north Queensland, Australia
journal, January 2007

  • McJannet, David; Fitch, Peter; Disher, Mark
  • Hydrological Processes, Vol. 21, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1002/hyp.6576

Slope position influences vegetation-atmosphere interactions in a tropical montane cloud forest
journal, May 2016


Evaporation and transpiration from forests in Central Europe ? relevance of patch-level studies for spatial scaling
journal, February 2001


Transpirational Water Loss in Invaded and Restored Semiarid Riparian Forests
journal, March 2011


Climatic Conditions and Tropical Montane Forest Productivity: the fog has not Lifted yet
journal, January 1998


A revised hydrological model for the Central Amazon: The importance of emergent canopy trees in the forest water budget
journal, May 2017


Energy and water dynamics of a central Amazonian rain forest
journal, January 2002


A comparison of sap flux-based evapotranspiration estimates with catchment-scale water balance
journal, August 2007


Scaling xylem sap flux and soil water balance and calculating variance: a method for partitioning water flux in forests
journal, January 1998

  • Oren, Ram; Phillips, Nathan; Katul, Gabriel
  • Annales des Sciences Forestières, Vol. 55, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1051/forest:19980112

Modulation of leaf economic traits and trait relationships by climate: Modulation of leaf traits by climate
journal, August 2005


Whole tree xylem sap flow responses to multiple environmental variables in a wet tropical forest
journal, May 2004


Higher tree transpiration due to road-associated edge effects in a tropical moist lowland forest
journal, November 2015


A continuous satellite-derived global record of land surface evapotranspiration from 1983 to 2006: GLOBAL RECORD OF LAND SURFACE EVAPOTRANSPIRATION
journal, September 2010

  • Zhang, Ke; Kimball, John S.; Nemani, Ramakrishna R.
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 46, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009WR008800

Intermediate tree cover can maximize groundwater recharge in the seasonally dry tropics
journal, February 2016

  • Ilstedt, U.; Bargués Tobella, A.; Bazié, H. R.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep21930

Theory and Practical Application of Heat Pulse to Measure Sap Flow
journal, January 2003


Decoupling structural and environmental determinants of sap velocity
journal, March 2009


Tree species effects on stand transpiration in northern Wisconsin: TREE SPECIES EFFECTS ON STAND TRANSPIRATION
journal, July 2002

  • Ewers, B. E.; Mackay, D. S.; Gower, S. T.
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 38, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1029/2001WR000830

Transpiration of natural rain forest and its dependence on climatic factors
journal, January 1996


Surface energy exchange in a tropical montane cloud forest environment: Flux partitioning, and seasonal and land cover-related variations
journal, November 2016

  • Holwerda, F.; Alvarado-Barrientos, M. S.; González-Martínez, T. M.
  • Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 228-229
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.06.011

Water use by forests, limits and controls
journal, August 1998


Ecohydrology of water-controlled ecosystems
journal, August 2002


Une nouvelle méthode pour la mesure du flux de sève brute dans le tronc des arbres
journal, January 1985


Functional convergence in plant responses to the environment
journal, January 2003


Leaf surface traits and water storage retention affect photosynthetic responses to leaf surface wetness among wet tropical forest and semiarid savanna plants
journal, July 2017

  • Aparecido, Luiza M. T.; Miller, Gretchen R.; Cahill, Anthony T.
  • Tree Physiology, Vol. 37, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1093/treephys/tpx092

Ten-year evapotranspiration estimates in a Bornean tropical rainforest
journal, September 2011


The hydroclimatic and ecophysiological basis of cloud forest distributions under current and projected climates
journal, May 2014

  • Oliveira, Rafael S.; Eller, Cleiton B.; Bittencourt, Paulo R. L.
  • Annals of Botany, Vol. 113, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcu060

Controls on stand transpiration and soil water utilization along a tree density gradient in a Neotropical savanna
journal, June 2008


The potential negative impacts of global climate change on tropical montane cloud forests
journal, October 2001


Ecohydrological advances and applications in plant-water relations research: a review
journal, March 2011

  • Asbjornsen, H.; Goldsmith, G. R.; Alvarado-Barrientos, M. S.
  • Journal of Plant Ecology, Vol. 4, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1093/jpe/rtr005

A site-specific sensor for measuring leaf wetness duration within turfgrass canopies
journal, September 1996

  • Giesler, Loren J.; Horst, Garald L.; Yuen, Gary Y.
  • Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 81, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/0168-1923(95)02302-X

Transpiration of urban forests in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
journal, April 2011

  • Pataki, Diane E.; McCarthy, Heather R.; Litvak, Elizaveta
  • Ecological Applications, Vol. 21, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1890/09-1717.1

Electronic leaf wetness duration sensor: why it should be painted
journal, May 2004

  • Sentelhas, P. C.; Monteiro, J. E. B. A.; Gillespie, T. J.
  • International Journal of Biometeorology, Vol. 48, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00484-004-0200-z

A comparative study of three leaf wetness sensors
journal, March 1993

  • Armstrong, R.; Barthakur, N. N.; Norris, E.
  • International Journal of Biometeorology, Vol. 37, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01212760

Regulation of water flux through tropical forest canopy trees: Do universal rules apply?
journal, January 2001


The importance of canopy structure in controlling the interception loss of rainfall: Examples from a young and an old-growth Douglas-fir forest
journal, May 2005


Impacts of Vegetation and Precipitation on Throughfall Heterogeneity in a Tropical Pre-Montane Transitional Cloud Forest
journal, October 2014

  • Teale, Natalie G.; Mahan, Hayden; Bleakney, Sarah
  • Biotropica, Vol. 46, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1111/btp.12166

Dynamics of transpiration, sap flow and use of stored water in tropical forest canopy trees
journal, August 2004


Plant carbon and water fluxes in tropical montane cloud forests
journal, July 2016

  • Gotsch, Sybil G.; Asbjornsen, Heidi; Goldsmith, Gregory R.
  • Journal of Tropical Ecology, Vol. 32, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1017/S0266467416000341

Whole-tree water transport scales with sapwood capacitance in tropical forest canopy trees
journal, July 2003


Streamflow response of mixed-species eucalypt forests to patch cutting and thinning treatments
journal, April 2001


Measuring and modelling the transpiration of a maritime pine canopy from sap-flow data
journal, October 1994


Hysteresis Responses of Evapotranspiration to Meteorological Factors at a Diel Timescale: Patterns and Causes
journal, June 2014


Decoupling structural and environmental determinants of sap velocity: Part I. Methodological development
journal, March 2009


Environment and tree size controlling stem sap flux in a perhumid tropical forest of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia
journal, July 2011


Energy dynamics and modeled evapotranspiration from a wet tropical forest in Costa Rica
journal, December 2005


Spatial variation of throughfall volume in an old-growth tropical wet forest, Costa Rica
journal, March 2002

  • Loescher, Henry W.; Powers, Jennifer S.; Oberbauer, Steven F.
  • Journal of Tropical Ecology, Vol. 18, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1017/S0266467402002274

Stomatal conductance, transpiration and sap flow of tropical montane rain forest trees in the southern Ecuadorian Andes
journal, October 2005


The hysteretic evapotranspiration-Vapor pressure deficit relation: ET-VPD hysteresis
journal, February 2014

  • Zhang, Quan; Manzoni, Stefano; Katul, Gabriel
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 119, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013JG002484

Suppression of transpiration due to cloud immersion in a seasonally dry Mexican weeping pine plantation
journal, March 2014