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Title: Development of an integrated four-channel fast avalanche-photodiode detector system with nanosecond time resolution

In this paper, a four-channel nanosecond time-resolved avalanche-photodiode (APD) detector system is developed at Beijing Synchrotron Radiation. It uses a single module for signal processing and readout. This integrated system provides better reliability and flexibility for custom improvement. The detector system consists of three parts: (i) four APD sensors, (ii) four fast preamplifiers and (iii) a time-digital-converter (TDC) readout electronics. The C30703FH silicon APD chips fabricated by Excelitas are used as the sensors of the detectors. It has an effective light-sensitive area of 10 × 10 mm 2 and an absorption layer thickness of 110 μ m. A fast preamplifier with a gain of 59 dB and bandwidth of 2 GHz is designed to readout of the weak signal from the C30703FH APD. The TDC is realized by a Spartan-6 field-programmable-gate-array (FPGA) with multiphase method in a resolution of 1ns. The arrival time of all scattering events between two start triggers can be recorded by the TDC. The detector has been used for nuclear resonant scattering study at both Advanced Photon Source and also at Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility. Finally, for the X-ray energy of 14.4 keV, the time resolution, the full width of half maximum (FWHM) of the detector (APD sensor + fast amplifier) is 0.86 ns, and the whole detector system (APD sensors + fast amplifiers + TDC readout electronics) achieves a time resolution of 1.4 ns.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [5] ;  [1]
  1. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China). Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility. Inst. of High Energy Physics
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China). State Key Lab. of Particle Detection and Electronics. Inst. of High Energy Physics
  3. Shaanxi Univ. of Science and Technology, Xi'an (China). College of Electrical & Information Engineering
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source
  5. Wuhan Univ. of Technology (China). School of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; 11605227; 2015BCE076
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 870; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China); Shaanxi Univ. of Science and Technology, Xi'an (China); Wuhan Univ. of Technology (China)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); Key Technologies R & D Program of Hubei Province of China
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; HEPS-TF; nanosecond time resolution; APD; fast amplifier; TDC
OSTI Identifier:
1467105

Li, Zhenjie, Li, Qiuju, Chang, Jinfan, Ma, Yichao, Liu, Peng, Wang, Zheng, Hu, Michael Y., Zhao, Jiyong, Alp, E. E., Xu, Wei, Tao, Ye, Wu, Chaoqun, and Zhou, Yangfan. Development of an integrated four-channel fast avalanche-photodiode detector system with nanosecond time resolution. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2017.05.021.
Li, Zhenjie, Li, Qiuju, Chang, Jinfan, Ma, Yichao, Liu, Peng, Wang, Zheng, Hu, Michael Y., Zhao, Jiyong, Alp, E. E., Xu, Wei, Tao, Ye, Wu, Chaoqun, & Zhou, Yangfan. Development of an integrated four-channel fast avalanche-photodiode detector system with nanosecond time resolution. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2017.05.021.
Li, Zhenjie, Li, Qiuju, Chang, Jinfan, Ma, Yichao, Liu, Peng, Wang, Zheng, Hu, Michael Y., Zhao, Jiyong, Alp, E. E., Xu, Wei, Tao, Ye, Wu, Chaoqun, and Zhou, Yangfan. 2017. "Development of an integrated four-channel fast avalanche-photodiode detector system with nanosecond time resolution". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2017.05.021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1467105.
@article{osti_1467105,
title = {Development of an integrated four-channel fast avalanche-photodiode detector system with nanosecond time resolution},
author = {Li, Zhenjie and Li, Qiuju and Chang, Jinfan and Ma, Yichao and Liu, Peng and Wang, Zheng and Hu, Michael Y. and Zhao, Jiyong and Alp, E. E. and Xu, Wei and Tao, Ye and Wu, Chaoqun and Zhou, Yangfan},
abstractNote = {In this paper, a four-channel nanosecond time-resolved avalanche-photodiode (APD) detector system is developed at Beijing Synchrotron Radiation. It uses a single module for signal processing and readout. This integrated system provides better reliability and flexibility for custom improvement. The detector system consists of three parts: (i) four APD sensors, (ii) four fast preamplifiers and (iii) a time-digital-converter (TDC) readout electronics. The C30703FH silicon APD chips fabricated by Excelitas are used as the sensors of the detectors. It has an effective light-sensitive area of 10 × 10 mm2 and an absorption layer thickness of 110μm. A fast preamplifier with a gain of 59 dB and bandwidth of 2 GHz is designed to readout of the weak signal from the C30703FH APD. The TDC is realized by a Spartan-6 field-programmable-gate-array (FPGA) with multiphase method in a resolution of 1ns. The arrival time of all scattering events between two start triggers can be recorded by the TDC. The detector has been used for nuclear resonant scattering study at both Advanced Photon Source and also at Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility. Finally, for the X-ray energy of 14.4 keV, the time resolution, the full width of half maximum (FWHM) of the detector (APD sensor + fast amplifier) is 0.86 ns, and the whole detector system (APD sensors + fast amplifiers + TDC readout electronics) achieves a time resolution of 1.4 ns.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2017.05.021},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = ,
volume = 870,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {7}
}