Electron and hole contributions to normalstate transport in the superconducting system ${\mathrm{Sn}}_{1x}{\mathrm{In}}_{x}\mathrm{Te}$
Abstract
Indiumdoped SnTe has been of interest because the system can exhibit both topological sur face states and bulk superconductivity. While the enhancement of the superconducting transition temperature is established, the character of the electronic states induced by indium doping remains poorly understood. We report a study of magnetotransport in a series of Sn_{1x}In_{x}Te single crystals with 0:1 ≤ x ≤ 0:45. From measurements of the Hall effect, we find that the dominant carrier type changes from holelike to electronlike at x ~ 0:25; one would expect electronlike carriers if the In ions have a valence of +3. For single crystals with x = 0:45, corresponding to the highest super conducting transition temperature, pronounced Shubnikovde Haas oscillations are observed in the normal state. In measurements of magnetoresistance, we nd evidence for weak antilocalization (WAL). We attribute both the quantum oscillations and the WAL to bulk Diraclike hole pockets, previously observed in photoemission studies, which coexist with the dominant electronlike carriers.
 Authors:

 Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States)
 Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
 Publication Date:
 Research Org.:
 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Emergent Superconductivity (CES); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
 Sponsoring Org.:
 USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
 OSTI Identifier:
 1466623
 Alternate Identifier(s):
 OSTI ID: 1463759
 Report Number(s):
 BNL2079802018JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 24699950; PRBMDO
 Grant/Contract Number:
 SC0012704
 Resource Type:
 Accepted Manuscript
 Journal Name:
 Physical Review B
 Additional Journal Information:
 Journal Volume: 98; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 24699950
 Publisher:
 American Physical Society (APS)
 Country of Publication:
 United States
 Language:
 English
 Subject:
 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY
Citation Formats
Zhang, Cheng, He, XuGang, Chi, Hang, Zhong, Ruidan, Ku, Wei, Gu, Genda, Tranquada, J. M., and Li, Qiang. Electron and hole contributions to normalstate transport in the superconducting system Sn1xInxTe. United States: N. p., 2018.
Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.98.054503.
Zhang, Cheng, He, XuGang, Chi, Hang, Zhong, Ruidan, Ku, Wei, Gu, Genda, Tranquada, J. M., & Li, Qiang. Electron and hole contributions to normalstate transport in the superconducting system Sn1xInxTe. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.98.054503
Zhang, Cheng, He, XuGang, Chi, Hang, Zhong, Ruidan, Ku, Wei, Gu, Genda, Tranquada, J. M., and Li, Qiang. Thu .
"Electron and hole contributions to normalstate transport in the superconducting system Sn1xInxTe". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.98.054503. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1466623.
@article{osti_1466623,
title = {Electron and hole contributions to normalstate transport in the superconducting system Sn1xInxTe},
author = {Zhang, Cheng and He, XuGang and Chi, Hang and Zhong, Ruidan and Ku, Wei and Gu, Genda and Tranquada, J. M. and Li, Qiang},
abstractNote = {Indiumdoped SnTe has been of interest because the system can exhibit both topological sur face states and bulk superconductivity. While the enhancement of the superconducting transition temperature is established, the character of the electronic states induced by indium doping remains poorly understood. We report a study of magnetotransport in a series of Sn1xInxTe single crystals with 0:1 ≤ x ≤ 0:45. From measurements of the Hall effect, we find that the dominant carrier type changes from holelike to electronlike at x ~ 0:25; one would expect electronlike carriers if the In ions have a valence of +3. For single crystals with x = 0:45, corresponding to the highest super conducting transition temperature, pronounced Shubnikovde Haas oscillations are observed in the normal state. In measurements of magnetoresistance, we nd evidence for weak antilocalization (WAL). We attribute both the quantum oscillations and the WAL to bulk Diraclike hole pockets, previously observed in photoemission studies, which coexist with the dominant electronlike carriers.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.98.054503},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 5,
volume = 98,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}
Web of Science
Works referenced in this record:
Observation of a topological crystalline insulator phase and topological phase transition in Pb1−xSnxTe
journal, January 2012
 Xu, SuYang; Liu, Chang; Alidoust, N.
 Nature Communications, Vol. 3, Issue 1
Topological insulators and superconductors
journal, October 2011
 Qi, XiaoLiang; Zhang, ShouCheng
 Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 83, Issue 4
Type II superconducting parameters of Tldoped PbTe determined from heat capacity and electronic transport measurements
journal, October 2006
 Matsushita, Y.; Wianecki, P. A.; Sommer, A. T.
 Physical Review B, Vol. 74, Issue 13
Weak localization and antilocalization in topological insulator thin films with coherent bulksurface coupling
journal, July 2012
 Garate, Ion; Glazman, Leonid
 Physical Review B, Vol. 86, Issue 3
Quantum coherent transport in SnTe topological crystalline insulator thin films
journal, September 2014
 Assaf, B. A.; Katmis, F.; Wei, P.
 Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 105, Issue 10
The ordered crystal structure of In2Te3
journal, October 1959
 Woolley, J. C.; Pamplin, B. R.; Holmes, P. J.
 Journal of the Less Common Metals, Vol. 1, Issue 5
Effects of Resonance Bonding on the Properties of Crystalline and Amorphous Semiconductors
journal, July 1973
 Lucovsky, G.; White, R. M.
 Physical Review B, Vol. 8, Issue 2
WeakField Magnetoresistance and the ValenceBand Structure of SnTe
journal, March 1972
 Allgaier, R. S.; Houston, Bland
 Physical Review B, Vol. 5, Issue 6
TimeReversalInvariant Topological Superconductors and Superfluids in Two and Three Dimensions
journal, May 2009
 Qi, XiaoLiang; Hughes, Taylor L.; Raghu, S.
 Physical Review Letters, Vol. 102, Issue 18
Enhanced superconducting pairing interaction in indiumdoped tin telluride
journal, January 2009
 Erickson, A. S.; Chu, J. H.; Toney, M. F.
 Physical Review B, Vol. 79, Issue 2
Observation of surface states on heavily indiumdoped SnTe(111), a superconducting topological crystalline insulator
journal, February 2016
 Polley, C. M.; Jovic, V.; Su, T. Y.
 Physical Review B, Vol. 93, Issue 7
Superconducting properties of the Insubstituted topological crystalline insulator SnTe
journal, April 2013
 Balakrishnan, G.; Bawden, L.; Cavendish, S.
 Physical Review B, Vol. 87, Issue 14
Colloquium: Topological insulators
journal, November 2010
 Hasan, M. Z.; Kane, C. L.
 Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 82, Issue 4, p. 30453067
Experimental realization of a topological crystalline insulator in SnTe
journal, September 2012
 Tanaka, Y.; Ren, Zhi; Sato, T.
 Nature Physics, Vol. 8, Issue 11
Anomalous composition dependence of the superconductivity in Indoped SnTe
journal, January 2016
 Haldolaarachchige, Neel; Gibson, Quinn; Xie, Weiwei
 Physical Review B, Vol. 93, Issue 2
Quantum Oscillations and Hall Anomaly of Surface States in the Topological Insulator Bi_{2}Te_{3}
journal, July 2010
 Qu, D.X.; Hor, Y. S.; Xiong, J.
 Science, Vol. 329, Issue 5993, p. 821824
SpinOrbit Interaction and Magnetoresistance in the Two Dimensional Random System
journal, February 1980
 Hikami, S.; Larkin, A. I.; Nagaoka, Y.
 Progress of Theoretical Physics, Vol. 63, Issue 2
Topological Crystalline Insulators
journal, March 2011
 Fu, Liang
 Physical Review Letters, Vol. 106, Issue 10
OddParity Pairing and Topological Superconductivity in a Strongly SpinOrbit Coupled Semiconductor
journal, November 2012
 Sasaki, Satoshi; Ren, Zhi; Taskin, A. A.
 Physical Review Letters, Vol. 109, Issue 21
Optimizing the superconducting transition temperature and upper critical field of Sn ${}_{1x}$ In ${}_{x}$ Te
journal, July 2013
 Zhong, R. D.; Schneeloch, J. A.; Shi, X. Y.
 Physical Review B, Vol. 88, Issue 2
Large bulk resistivity and surface quantum oscillations in the topological insulator ${\text{Bi}}_{2}{\text{Te}}_{2}\text{Se}$
journal, December 2010
 Ren, Zhi; Taskin, A. A.; Sasaki, Satoshi
 Physical Review B, Vol. 82, Issue 24
The infrared effective charge in IVVI compounds. I. A simple onedimensional model
journal, November 1979
 Littlewood, P. B.; Heine, V.
 Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 21
Superconducting Proximity Effect and Majorana Fermions at the Surface of a Topological Insulator
journal, March 2008
 Fu, Liang; Kane, C. L.
 Physical Review Letters, Vol. 100, Issue 9
Deep and resonance states in A ^{IV} B ^{VI} semiconductors
journal, January 1985
 Kaĭdanov, V. I.; Ravich, Yu I.
 Soviet Physics Uspekhi, Vol. 28, Issue 1
Fullpotential, linearized augmented plane wave programs for crystalline systems
journal, June 1990
 Blaha, P.; Schwarz, K.; Sorantin, P.
 Computer Physics Communications, Vol. 59, Issue 2
Topological crystalline insulators in the SnTe material class
journal, January 2012
 Hsieh, Timothy H.; Lin, Hsin; Liu, Junwei
 Nature Communications, Vol. 3, Article No. 982
Weak Antilocalization and Quantum Oscillations of Surface States in Topological Insulator Bi2Se2Te
journal, October 2012
 Bao, Lihong; He, Liang; Meyer, Nicholas
 Scientific Reports, Vol. 2, Issue 1
Impurity Effect on Weak Antilocalization in the Topological Insulator ${\mathrm{Bi}}_{2}{\mathrm{Te}}_{3}$
journal, April 2011
 He, HongTao; Wang, Gan; Zhang, Tao
 Physical Review Letters, Vol. 106, Issue 16
Superconductivity, pairing symmetry, and disorder in the doped topological insulator ${\mathrm{Sn}}_{1x}{\mathrm{In}}_{x}\mathrm{Te}$ for $x\ge 0.10$
journal, January 2018
 Smylie, M. P.; Claus, H.; Kwok, W. K.
 Physical Review B, Vol. 97, Issue 2
Fermiology of the Strongly SpinOrbit Coupled Superconductor ${\mathrm{Sn}}_{1x}{\mathrm{In}}_{x}\mathrm{Te}$ : Implications for Topological Superconductivity
journal, May 2013
 Sato, T.; Tanaka, Y.; Nakayama, K.
 Physical Review Letters, Vol. 110, Issue 20
Twodimensional surface state in the quantum limit of a topological insulator
journal, November 2010
 Analytis, James G.; McDonald, Ross D.; Riggs, Scott C.
 Nature Physics, Vol. 6, Issue 12
Lowenergy phonons and superconductivity in ${\mathrm{Sn}}_{0.8}{\mathrm{In}}_{0.2}\mathrm{Te}$
journal, February 2015
 Xu, Zhijun; Schneeloch, J. A.; Zhong, R. D.
 Physical Review B, Vol. 91, Issue 5
Band Structure of SnTe Studied by Photoemission Spectroscopy
journal, August 2010
 Littlewood, P. B.; Mihaila, B.; Schulze, R. K.
 Physical Review Letters, Vol. 105, Issue 8
Quantum oscillations in a topological insulator Bi2Te2Se with large bulk resistivity ()
journal, February 2012
 Xiong, Jun; Petersen, A. C.; Qu, Dongxia
 Physica E: Lowdimensional Systems and Nanostructures, Vol. 44, Issue 5
Weak antilocalization in (111) thin films of a topological crystalline insulator SnTe
journal, December 2014
 Akiyama, R.; Fujisawa, K.; Sakurai, R.
 Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 568, Issue 5
Revealing Surface States in InDoped SnTe Nanoplates with Low Bulk Mobility
journal, May 2015
 Shen, Jie; Xie, Yujun; Cha, Judy J.
 Nano Letters, Vol. 15, Issue 6
Enhanced surface mobility and quantum oscillations in topological insulator Bi _{1.5} Sb _{0.5} Te _{1.7} Se _{1.3} nanoflakes
journal, October 2013
 Hsiung, TeChih; Chen, DingYuan; Zhao, Li
 Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 103, Issue 16
Deep and resonance states in A<sup>IV</sup> B<sup>VI</sup> semiconductors [Глубокие и резонансные состояния в полупроводниках типа A^{IV}B^{VI}]
journal, January 1985
 Kaidanov, V. I.; Ravich, Yu. I.
 Uspekhi Fizicheskih Nauk, Vol. 145, Issue 1
Observation of a topological crystalline insulator phase and topological phase transition in Pb1−xSnxTe
text, January 2012
 Xu, SuYang; Liu, Chang; Alidoust, N.
 Nature Publishing Group
Superconducting Proximity Effect and Majorana Fermions at the Surface of a Topological Insulator
journal, January 2009
 Fu, L.; Kane, C. L.
 Topologica, Vol. 2, Issue 1
Superconducting proximity effect and Majorana fermions at the surface of a topological insulator
text, January 2007
 Fu, Liang; Kane, C. L.
 arXiv
Enhanced superconducting pairing interaction in indiumdoped tin telluride
text, January 2008
 Erickson, A. S.; Chu, J. H.; Toney, M. F.
 arXiv
Weak Localization and Antilocalization in Topological Insulator Thin Films with Coherent BulkSurface Coupling
text, January 2012
 Garate, Ion; Glazman, Leonid
 arXiv
Experimental realization of a topological crystalline insulator in SnTe
text, January 2012
 Tanaka, Y.; Ren, Zhi; Sato, T.
 arXiv
Quantum Coherent Transport in SnTe Topological Crystalline Insulator Thin Films
text, January 2014
 Assaf, Badih A.; Katmis, Ferhat; Wei, Peng
 arXiv
Observation of surface states on heavily indium doped SnTe(111), a superconducting topological crystalline insulator
text, January 2015
 Polley, C. M.; Jovic, V.; Su, T. Y.
 arXiv
Works referencing / citing this record:
Superconductivity of Topological Surface States and Strong Proximity Effect in Sn _{1−} _{x} Pb _{x} Te–Pb Heterostructures
journal, November 2019
 Yang, Hao; Li, Yao‐Yi; Liu, Teng‐Teng
 Advanced Materials, Vol. 31, Issue 52
Band structure engineering in Sn _{1.03} Te through an Ininduced resonant level
journal, January 2020
 Misra, Shantanu; Wiendlocha, Bartlomiej; Tobola, Janusz
 Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 8, Issue 3
Superconductivity of Topological Surface States and Strong Proximity Effect in Sn _{1–x} Pb _{x} Te‐Pb Heterostructures
journal, September 2020
 Yang, Hao; Li, Yao‐Yi; Liu, Teng‐Teng
 Advanced Materials, Vol. 32, Issue 38