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Title: Evaluation of the performance of distributed and centralized biomass technologies in rural China

Abstract

Biomass fermentation and gasification are two types of biomass utilization technologies for residential households. Government plays an essential role in the diffusion of improved technologies. Cost-effectiveness analysis can provide the cost and abatement potentials of each alternative under a single abatement strategy; however, it is difficult for policy-makers to make an integrated assessment when multiple objectives are involved. This paper evaluates the performance of three distributed alternatives and two centralized alternatives for residential biomass use in rural China, including centralized biogas and centralized gasifier systems. An integrated assessment approach is built, which combines cost-benefit analysis, an entropy-weighting method, and a preference-ranking organization method for enrichment evaluations using the PROMETHEE approach. A total of 686 sample households in three regions of China were surveyed in this study. The centralized gasifier system and distributed household biogas were the top two alternatives for further development to meet the government’s 2020 development goal for biogas technology. The overall biomass utilization amount in the prioritized scenario is about three times that of the business-as-usual scenario by 2020. Furthermore, this study can provide significant insights for China’s policy-makers to draft strategic policies and countermeasures that will promote the development of renewable energy in China.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [6]
  1. The Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong (China); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Civil Aviation Univ. of China, Tianjin (China)
  2. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
  3. China Univ. of Geosciences, Wuhan (China)
  4. The Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong (China)
  5. Zhejiang Univ. of Finance and Economics, Hangzhou (China)
  6. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1466354
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Renewable Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 125; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0960-1481
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; Biomass gasification; Household biogas; Multiple-criteria decision-making; Renewable energy policy in China; Residential biomass

Citation Formats

Zhang, Weishi, Wang, Can, Zhang, Long, Xu, Ying, Cui, Yuanzheng, Lu, Zifeng, and Streets, David G. Evaluation of the performance of distributed and centralized biomass technologies in rural China. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2018.02.109.
Zhang, Weishi, Wang, Can, Zhang, Long, Xu, Ying, Cui, Yuanzheng, Lu, Zifeng, & Streets, David G. Evaluation of the performance of distributed and centralized biomass technologies in rural China. United States. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2018.02.109.
Zhang, Weishi, Wang, Can, Zhang, Long, Xu, Ying, Cui, Yuanzheng, Lu, Zifeng, and Streets, David G. Fri . "Evaluation of the performance of distributed and centralized biomass technologies in rural China". United States. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2018.02.109. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1466354.
@article{osti_1466354,
title = {Evaluation of the performance of distributed and centralized biomass technologies in rural China},
author = {Zhang, Weishi and Wang, Can and Zhang, Long and Xu, Ying and Cui, Yuanzheng and Lu, Zifeng and Streets, David G.},
abstractNote = {Biomass fermentation and gasification are two types of biomass utilization technologies for residential households. Government plays an essential role in the diffusion of improved technologies. Cost-effectiveness analysis can provide the cost and abatement potentials of each alternative under a single abatement strategy; however, it is difficult for policy-makers to make an integrated assessment when multiple objectives are involved. This paper evaluates the performance of three distributed alternatives and two centralized alternatives for residential biomass use in rural China, including centralized biogas and centralized gasifier systems. An integrated assessment approach is built, which combines cost-benefit analysis, an entropy-weighting method, and a preference-ranking organization method for enrichment evaluations using the PROMETHEE approach. A total of 686 sample households in three regions of China were surveyed in this study. The centralized gasifier system and distributed household biogas were the top two alternatives for further development to meet the government’s 2020 development goal for biogas technology. The overall biomass utilization amount in the prioritized scenario is about three times that of the business-as-usual scenario by 2020. Furthermore, this study can provide significant insights for China’s policy-makers to draft strategic policies and countermeasures that will promote the development of renewable energy in China.},
doi = {10.1016/j.renene.2018.02.109},
journal = {Renewable Energy},
number = C,
volume = 125,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

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