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Title: Boosting Sodium Storage in TiO2 Nanotube Arrays through Surface Phosphorylation

Abstract

In this paper, sodium–ion batteries (SIBs) offer a promise of a scalable, low–cost, and environmentally benign means of renewable energy storage. However, the low capacity and poor rate capability of anode materials present an unavoidable challenge. In this work, it is demonstrated that surface phosphorylated TiO2 nanotube arrays grown on Ti substrate can be efficient anode materials for SIBs. Fabrication of the phosphorylated nanoarray film is based on the electrochemical anodization of Ti metal in NH4F solution and subsequent phosphorylation using sodium hypophosphite. The phosphorylated TiO2 nanotube arrays afford a reversible capacity of 334 mA h g–1 at 67 mA g–1, a superior rate capability of 147 mA h g–1 at 3350 mA g–1, and a stable cycle performance up to 1000 cycles. In situ X–ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy reveal the near–zero strain response and robust mechanical behavior of the TiO2 host upon (de)sodiation, suggesting its excellent structural stability in the Na+ storage application.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Soochow Univ., Suzhou (People's Republic of China)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); National Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province; USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1466313
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1415500
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 30; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0935-9648
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; sodium storage; sodium-ion batteries; surface functionalization; titanium dioxide

Citation Formats

Ni, Jiangfeng, Fu, Shidong, Yuan, Yifei, Ma, Lu, Jiang, Yu, Li, Liang, and Lu, Jun. Boosting Sodium Storage in TiO2 Nanotube Arrays through Surface Phosphorylation. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/adma.201704337.
Ni, Jiangfeng, Fu, Shidong, Yuan, Yifei, Ma, Lu, Jiang, Yu, Li, Liang, & Lu, Jun. Boosting Sodium Storage in TiO2 Nanotube Arrays through Surface Phosphorylation. United States. doi:10.1002/adma.201704337.
Ni, Jiangfeng, Fu, Shidong, Yuan, Yifei, Ma, Lu, Jiang, Yu, Li, Liang, and Lu, Jun. Wed . "Boosting Sodium Storage in TiO2 Nanotube Arrays through Surface Phosphorylation". United States. doi:10.1002/adma.201704337. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1466313.
@article{osti_1466313,
title = {Boosting Sodium Storage in TiO2 Nanotube Arrays through Surface Phosphorylation},
author = {Ni, Jiangfeng and Fu, Shidong and Yuan, Yifei and Ma, Lu and Jiang, Yu and Li, Liang and Lu, Jun},
abstractNote = {In this paper, sodium–ion batteries (SIBs) offer a promise of a scalable, low–cost, and environmentally benign means of renewable energy storage. However, the low capacity and poor rate capability of anode materials present an unavoidable challenge. In this work, it is demonstrated that surface phosphorylated TiO2 nanotube arrays grown on Ti substrate can be efficient anode materials for SIBs. Fabrication of the phosphorylated nanoarray film is based on the electrochemical anodization of Ti metal in NH4F solution and subsequent phosphorylation using sodium hypophosphite. The phosphorylated TiO2 nanotube arrays afford a reversible capacity of 334 mA h g–1 at 67 mA g–1, a superior rate capability of 147 mA h g–1 at 3350 mA g–1, and a stable cycle performance up to 1000 cycles. In situ X–ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy reveal the near–zero strain response and robust mechanical behavior of the TiO2 host upon (de)sodiation, suggesting its excellent structural stability in the Na+ storage application.},
doi = {10.1002/adma.201704337},
journal = {Advanced Materials},
number = 6,
volume = 30,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

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Cited by: 36 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1. Figure 1.: Synthesis and characterization of P-TiO2 nanotube array grown on Ti substrate. (a) Schematic of synthesizing P-TiO2 nanoarray. TiO2 nanoarray was first electrochemically grown on Ti substrate (I), and then phosphorylated to P-TiO2 (II). (b) XRD pattern of TiO2 and P-TiO2 nanoarrays. SEM images of (c) TiO2 and (d)more » P-TiO2 nanoarrays. (e, f) TEM image of P-TiO2 nanotubes. Lattice fringe spacing of 0.352 nm corresponds the (101) facets of anatase TiO2. Disordered area near surface is indicated by arrows. (g) SAED of P-TiO2 nanoarray.« less

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