skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: A compact fiber optics-based heterodyne combined normal and transverse displacement interferometer

Abstract

While Photonic Doppler Velocimetry (PDV) has become a common diagnostic tool for the measurement of normal component of particle motion in shock wave experiments, this technique has not yet been modified for the measurement of combined normal and transverse motion, as needed in oblique plate impact experiments. In this study, we discuss the design and implementation of a compact fiber-optics-based heterodyne combined normal and transverse displacement interferometer. Like the standard PDV, this diagnostic tool is assembled using commercially available telecommunications hardware and uses a 1550 nm wavelength 2 W fiber-coupled laser, an optical focuser, and single mode fibers to transport light to and from the target. Two additional optical probes capture first-order beams diffracted from a reflective grating at the target free-surface and deliver the beams past circulators and a coupler where the signal is combined to form a beat frequency. The combined signal is then digitized and analyzed to determine the transverse component of the particle motion. The maximum normal velocity that can be measured by this system is limited by the equivalent transmission bandwidth (3.795 GHz) of the combined detector, amplifier, and digitizer and is estimated to be ~2.9 km/s. Finally, sample symmetric oblique plate-impact experiments are performedmore » to demonstrate the capability of this diagnostic tool in the measurement of the combined normal and transverse displacement particle motion.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]
  1. Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1466233
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1373966
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0001989; NA0002919
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 88; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; particle velocity; free surface; kinematics; velocity measurement; diffraction gratings; optical signal processing; elastic waves; Doppler effect; heterodyne detectors; interferometers

Citation Formats

Zuanetti, Bryan, Wang, Tianxue, and Prakash, Vikas. A compact fiber optics-based heterodyne combined normal and transverse displacement interferometer. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4978340.
Zuanetti, Bryan, Wang, Tianxue, & Prakash, Vikas. A compact fiber optics-based heterodyne combined normal and transverse displacement interferometer. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4978340.
Zuanetti, Bryan, Wang, Tianxue, and Prakash, Vikas. Tue . "A compact fiber optics-based heterodyne combined normal and transverse displacement interferometer". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4978340. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1466233.
@article{osti_1466233,
title = {A compact fiber optics-based heterodyne combined normal and transverse displacement interferometer},
author = {Zuanetti, Bryan and Wang, Tianxue and Prakash, Vikas},
abstractNote = {While Photonic Doppler Velocimetry (PDV) has become a common diagnostic tool for the measurement of normal component of particle motion in shock wave experiments, this technique has not yet been modified for the measurement of combined normal and transverse motion, as needed in oblique plate impact experiments. In this study, we discuss the design and implementation of a compact fiber-optics-based heterodyne combined normal and transverse displacement interferometer. Like the standard PDV, this diagnostic tool is assembled using commercially available telecommunications hardware and uses a 1550 nm wavelength 2 W fiber-coupled laser, an optical focuser, and single mode fibers to transport light to and from the target. Two additional optical probes capture first-order beams diffracted from a reflective grating at the target free-surface and deliver the beams past circulators and a coupler where the signal is combined to form a beat frequency. The combined signal is then digitized and analyzed to determine the transverse component of the particle motion. The maximum normal velocity that can be measured by this system is limited by the equivalent transmission bandwidth (3.795 GHz) of the combined detector, amplifier, and digitizer and is estimated to be ~2.9 km/s. Finally, sample symmetric oblique plate-impact experiments are performed to demonstrate the capability of this diagnostic tool in the measurement of the combined normal and transverse displacement particle motion.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4978340},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 3,
volume = 88,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Accuracy limits and window corrections for photon Doppler velocimetry
journal, January 2007

  • Jensen, B. J.; Holtkamp, D. B.; Rigg, P. A.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 101, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2407290

Interferometer Technique for Measuring the Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Materials
journal, November 1965

  • Barker, L. M.; Hollenbach, R. E.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 36, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1719405

Plate-Impact Technique for Measuring Dynamic Friction at High Temperatures
journal, July 1997

  • Frutschy, K. J.; Clifton, R. J.
  • Journal of Tribology, Vol. 119, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1115/1.2833541

A velocity interferometer technique to determine shear-wave particle velocity in shock-loaded solids
journal, January 1979

  • Chhabildas, L. C.; Sutherland, H. J.; Asay, J. R.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 50, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.326657

Formation of molten metal films during metal-on-metal slip under extreme interfacial conditions
journal, September 2004

  • Liou, Nai-Shang; Okada, Makoto; Prakash, Vikas
  • Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, Vol. 52, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmps.2004.03.008

Shock response of a gamma titanium aluminide
journal, October 2008

  • Shazly, Mostafa; Prakash, Vikas
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 104, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3000465

A combined normal‐ and transverse‐displacement interferometer with an application to impact of y ‐cut quartz
journal, October 1977

  • Kim, Kyung‐Suk; Clifton, Rodney J.; Kumar, Prashant
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 48, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.323448

Accuracy and precision in photonic Doppler velocimetry
journal, May 2010

  • Dolan, D. H.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 81, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3429257

Laser interferometer for measuring high velocities of any reflecting surface
journal, November 1972

  • Barker, L. M.; Hollenbach, R. E.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 43, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1660986

Compact system for high-speed velocimetry using heterodyne techniques
journal, August 2006

  • Strand, O. T.; Goosman, D. R.; Martinez, C.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 77, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2336749

Effect of surface reflectivity on photonic Doppler velocimetry measurement
journal, April 2014


Structure of weak shock waves in 2-D layered material systems
journal, January 2005


Time-Resolved Friction with Applications to High-Speed Machining: Experimental Observations
journal, January 1998


Simplified VISAR system
conference, January 1991

  • Sweatt, William C.; Stanton, Philip L.; Crump, Jr., O. B.
  • San Diego '90, 8-13 July, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.23344

Interferometry-based Kolsky bar apparatus
journal, July 2011

  • Avinadav, C.; Ashuach, Y.; Kreif, R.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 82, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3615243

Shock‐Wave Studies of PMMA, Fused Silica, and Sapphire
journal, September 1970

  • Barker, L. M.; Hollenbach, R. E.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 41, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1658439

New developments in photon Doppler velocimetry
journal, May 2014


Normal and Transverse Displacement Interferometers Applied to Small Diameter Kolsky Bars
journal, July 2011


Design, construction, alignment, and calibration of a compact velocimetry experiment
conference, September 2007

  • Kaufman, Morris I.; Malone, Robert M.; Frogget, Brent C.
  • Optical Engineering + Applications, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.732233

Effect of high strain rates on peak stress in a Zr-based bulk metallic glass
journal, November 2008

  • Sunny, George; Yuan, Fuping; Prakash, Vikas
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 104, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3009962

Spall strength and Hugoniot elastic limit of a zirconium-based bulk metallic glass under planar shock compression
journal, September 2006

  • Yuan, Fuping; Prakash, Vikas; Lewandowski, John J.
  • Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 22, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1557/jmr.2007.0053

Optical alignment of impact faces for plate impact experiments
journal, March 1977

  • Kumar, P.; Clifton, R. J.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 48, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.323734

Slip weakening in rocks and analog materials at co-seismic slip rates
journal, February 2008


High-speed frictional slip at metal-on-metal interfaces
journal, April 2009


Shear yield and flow behavior of a zirconium-based bulk metallic glass
journal, March 2010


Spall strength of glass fiber reinforced polymer composites
journal, December 2007


Dynamic Transverse Particle Velocity Measurements Using Interferometric Techniques
conference, January 1984

  • Chhabildas, Lalit C.
  • 27th Annual Techincal Symposium, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.936273

2004 Fall Meeting expands to San Francisco Marriott!
journal, January 2004

  • Wesson, Rob; Burch, Jim; Plescia, Jeff
  • Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, Vol. 85, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1029/2004EO430007